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Absolutism

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Gara Johnson-West

on 11 November 2014

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Transcript of Absolutism

Absolutism
Question to consider


Based on what we know about Europe prior to the development of the absolutist state, discuss why absolutism would arise as a viable political structure.
"Absolute monarchies helped to bring a sense of nationhood to disparate territories, to establish a measure of public order and to promote prosperity... think in terms of an impoverished and precarious existence, of low expectations and of submission to the will of God and to the king..."
Miller, ed.,Absolutism in Seventeenth Century Europe, Macmillan, 1990, p. 19-20.
French Model
Richilieu
Louis XIII
Louis XIV
Versailles
Outline
I. Introduction
II. Wars of Religion
Review
III. New Monarchs
IV. Why Absolutism?
V. French Model

Jacque- Benigne Bossuet
1627-1704
Romans 13.1-2:
Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
Thomas Hobbes
1588-1679
Hobbes attempted to construct a theory of political thought grounded on accepted axioms. The most basic axiom of Hobbes' system was that everyone naturally aims at self-preservation. He argued that in "a state of nature" (i.e. where there was no government), life would be completely insecure. Without any protection against aggression, life would be miserable and dangerous. - J.P. Somerville
Bishop
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