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Transcript of Absolutism
Question to consider
Based on what we know about Europe prior to the development of the absolutist state, discuss why absolutism would arise as a viable political structure.
"Absolute monarchies helped to bring a sense of nationhood to disparate territories, to establish a measure of public order and to promote prosperity... think in terms of an impoverished and precarious existence, of low expectations and of submission to the will of God and to the king..."
Miller, ed.,Absolutism in Seventeenth Century Europe, Macmillan, 1990, p. 19-20.
II. Wars of Religion
III. New Monarchs
IV. Why Absolutism?
V. French Model
Jacque- Benigne Bossuet
Let every soul be subject unto the higher powers. For there is no power but of God: the powers that be are ordained of God. Whosoever therefore resisteth the power, resisteth the ordinance of God: and they that resist shall receive to themselves damnation.
Hobbes attempted to construct a theory of political thought grounded on accepted axioms. The most basic axiom of Hobbes' system was that everyone naturally aims at self-preservation. He argued that in "a state of nature" (i.e. where there was no government), life would be completely insecure. Without any protection against aggression, life would be miserable and dangerous. - J.P. Somerville