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Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

An overview of OCD: definition, characteristics, treatments, and how it affects children in the education systems
by

Brett Ray

on 19 April 2010

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Transcript of Obsessive Compulsive Disorder

Obssessive Compulsive Disorder What is it? Who does it affect? What therapies are used? individuals Obsessions Compulsions parents Difficult to get accurate numbers
30-60% of adults with OCD had symptoms in childhood
Often accompanied by other disorders
Correlation with Tourette's and other tics


Prevalence Educational Effects Often discovered in schools
OCD can affect
homework
attention in class
school attendance
peer relationships

Anxiety Difficult to parent children with special needs
Parents are more likely to have mental disorders
Limited resources
Difficult on the family system
Meds Behavior Modification
Medication
Response Prevention Therapy
Systematic Desensitization
Relaxation Techniques
Anxiety Disorder Medication:
SSRIs
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry Prozac, Luvox, Paxil, Zoloft Thought to increase the amount
of times Serotonin hits receptor sites before reuptake Concerns Longitudinal data about long-term use in developing children

Side-effects can include increased suicide ideation



OCD in adolescent community samples range from 1.0% to 3.6% OCD is characterized by recurrent, unwanted thoughts (obsessions) and/or repetitive behaviors (compulsions). Involuntary, seemingly uncontrollable thoughts, images, or impulses that occur over and over again in your mind. Behaviors or rituals that you feel driven to act out again and again. Usually, compulsions are performed in an attempt to make obsessions go away. Just because you have obsessive thoughts or perform compulsive behaviors does NOT mean that your have OCD. The key is do these thoughts and behaviors cause tremendous distress, take up a lot of time, and interfere with your daily routine, job, or relationships. Causes There is no known singular cause of OCD.
No one has found a single, proven cause of OCD.
Scientist and experts generally agree that OCD is caused by a combination of both biological and psychological factors Biological Factors Serotonin Genetics Infection Psychological Factors Learned anxiety and guilt from parents or other significant people in their lives.
Interaction between behavior and the environment and on the beliefs and attitudes, as well as how information is processed. Examples of OCD Behavior Obsessive Thoughts Germaphobia/Contamination of self and others
Fear of losing or not having thing you might need
Need for constant reassurances
Order and symmetry Compulsive Behaviors Excessive double-checking of things, such as locks, appliances, and switches
Repeatedly checking in on loved ones to make sure they’re safe.
Spending a lot of time washing or cleaning.
Seeking constant reassurance and approval Disrupted Routines Anger Management Loss of Sleep Stress IDEA: Rights protected under IDEA. In the past, OCD was served under EBD. However, OHI is now considered the more appropriate eligibility category because OCD has a neurobiological basis. Celebrities with OCD Howard Hughes
Martin Scorsese
Leonardo DiCaprio
Billy Bob Thorton
David Beckham
Howie Mandel
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