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Let's Have a Talk
Transcript of Let's Have a Talk
have had sexual intercourse.
33.7% have had sex in the past month*. Almost 50% of all new sexually transmitted diseases
and infections last year* were contracted by people between the ages of 15 and 24. *(There were 19 million STDs/STIs contracted last year.) Over 400,000 girls between 15 and 19 gave birth* last year. *That's only the ones who actually gave birth. Over 121,000 had abortions. *39.8% of these students did not use a condom. SO, THIS IS THE PART WHEN YOU TELL US NOT TO HAVE SEX, RIGHT? Not necessarily. WHO SHOULD HAVE SEX? There is no real answer to this question, for teens OR adults. Everyone is different, and as long as you have reached the age of consent, your own sexual behavior is your choice. WHY SHOULDN'T I HAVE SEX? Different people have different reasons for why they choose not to have sex. Some choose not to do it because of the risks of pregnancy and disease. Some choose not to do it because it's against their personal values or religion. Some choose not to do it because it's scary. Some choose not to do it because they haven't found the "right" person yet. And some choose not to do it because they just don't want to. HOW WILL I KNOW I'M READY? Again, there is no real answer to this question. However, there are some things that you should consider if you are thinking about becoming sexually active (or if you already are). Know the physical risks and how to prevent them. In other words, USE A CONDOM. Every single time. Other forms of contraception may help to prevent pregnancy, but condoms are the single most effective method of preventing disease. Birth control pills, patches, inserts, etc. DO NOT protect anyone from disease. Brace yourself for an emotional whirlwind. It is likely that you will feel some guilt afterward. Even if you don't feel guilty, you will probably feel different. You may feel regret. If your feelings begin to get overwhelming, talk to someone: your parents, an older sibling, a doctor, or the school counselor. Be prepared to be disappointed. If you're a girl, there's a good chance that it'll hurt. If you're a guy, it might be over so quickly that you barely remember it. Make sure your partner is someone you trust, and who is responsible. Your partner needs to be someone who is prepared for you to say "no" at the last minute. If you want to keep your intimate relationship private, your partner needs to be someone who will not tell other people. Your partner needs to be someone who is honest with you. Have a plan in the event that you or your partner gets pregnant. It can happen to anyone, even the first time, even with a condom, and you need to be prepared. 50% 47% 400K sexually active sexually transmitted
diseases & infections babies Make sure you're both sober. People tend to make very different decisions when they're under the influence than they do when they're sober. You both need to be thinking clearly. This isn't a time for clouded thinking. The less sober you are, the more likely you are to wake up in the morning with regrets. Remember that sexual intimacy doesn't have to include intercourse. If you are in a relationship in which you are comfortable being physically involved, there are other ways to be physically intimate with one another. But this doesn't mean that there are not risks involved there, either. WHAT ARE SOME OF THESE STDs/STIs? STDs/STIs (sexually transmitted diseases/infections) are diseases that are passed from one person to another primarily through sexual contact. They can be transmitted through sexual intercourse or through any type of genital contact. Some of them can be transmitted between the genitals and the mouth, as well. CHLAMYDIA HERPES GONORRHEA HIV/AIDS SYPHILIS HPV HEPATITIS B CURABLE NOT CURABLE Chlamydia is a bacterial infection that affects the genitals of both males and females. Symptoms can include pain, discharge, and swelling in the genitals, as well as burning during urination; it can also be transmitted to the throat or eyes. It can be successfully treated with antibiotics. Left untreated, it can cause infertility problems in males and females. http://www.plannedparenthood.org/health-topics/stds-hiv-safer-sex-101.htm Syphilis is a bacterial infection that can affect the genitals, anus, and mouth. In the early stages, it can be treated successfully with antibiotics. The symptoms vary, and are sometimes too mild for a person to notice them. The disease occurs in three stages:
PRIMARY: One or more painless sores or ulcers develop on or in the genitals, mouth, breasts, or anus, between 3 weeks and 90 days after infection; they will last for about a month or longer.
SECONDARY: A body rash may develop and last for 2-6 weeks, often on the palms of the hands and soles of the feet; this is often accompanied by headache, fever, fatigue, sore throat, hair and weight loss, muscle pain, and swollen lymph nodes.
LATE: Damage to the nervous system, heart, brain and other organs may occur; this stage may be reached anywhere from 1 to 20 years after infection, and can be deadly. Gonorrhea is a bacterial infection that often has no symptoms, and can be found in the genitals or in the mouth and throat. 80% of women have no symptoms, but only 10% of men have no symptoms. Oral infections rarely show symptoms in men or women. Symptoms often develop within 2 weeks of becoming infected, and can include yellowish or greenish genital discharge, anal itching, sore throat, and frequent, burning urination. For women, they can also include abdominal pain, genital swelling, vomiting, and fever. Gonorrhea can be treated successfully with antibiotics. Untreated gonorhhea can result in pregnancy complications, infertility in men and women, and arthritis. HIV is the virus that causes AIDS. This disease works against the immune system, leaving a person's body defenseless to other illnesses and diseases. It usually takes at least 10 years for someone with HIV to develop symptoms; this is why it is EXTREMELY important for you to be tested for the disease regularly if you are sexually active. There is no cure for HIV, although there are treatments available to strengthen the weakened immune system caused by the virus. Treatment consists of a combination of medications that must be taken religiously. The drugs are expensive, and are not always available or affordable to everyone. They are not guaranteed to be effective for all people, or to be effective permanently. When the medications do not work or are not taken, this virus leaves the body susceptible to other serious diseases, and is fatal in many circumstances. Herpes is a virus that can be found in the mouth or the genitals. There are two strains of the virus; HSV-1 is usually oral, and HSV-2 is usually genital, though it is possible for HSV-1 to be passed to the genitals and for HSV-2 to be passed to the mouth. 80% of American adults have oral herpes, and 25% have genital herpes. Herpes lives in the body for life, and symptoms usually come and go. Oral herpes causes cold sores or "fever blisters" around and in the mouth. Genital herpes symptoms are often mild, and consist of a cluster of blisters on or in the genitals or anus; they can also cause itching, swelling, fever, headaches, body aches, and painful urination. The symptoms can appear once and not be seen again for weeks, months, or years, though the first outbreak is usually the most intense. If symptoms do appear, they usually show up between 2 and 20 days after infection, and heal in 2 to 4 weeks, though the virus remains in the body. Herpes can be transmitted from one person to another EVEN WHEN SYMPTOMS ARE NOT PRESENT. Although herpes cannot be cured, medications can help the sores to heal more quickly, and to keep symptoms away for longer periods of time. HPV (human papilloma virus) is a very common virus with many different strains. Some non-genital strains cause warts on the body. There are two main types of genital HPV. One type causes "genital warts." The other type can cause cell abnormalities that lead to certain types of cancer. Genital warts are growths of skin that can appear on or in the genitals, anus, or mouth. Many people say that they look like cauliflower. They can be unpleasant to look at, and may feel uncomfortable, but they are not dangerous. The other type of genital HPV has no outward symptoms, but is much more dangerous than genital warts; the biggest danger is the possiblity of cervical cancer in women. (There is no known danger to men.) This type of HPV is extremely common; 75% of women and 50% of men will contract this type of HPV during their lives. There is no cure for this HPV, though most cases go away on their own within a year. However, some cases can remain in the body for decades. There is no HPV test for men, and the only way for a female to know if she has it is to have regular PAP smears at the gynecologist. Hepatitis B is a common sexually transmitted virus that causes liver infection. It often has no symptoms and in 90% of people, it goes away on its own within about 8 weeks. Half of people infected with this virus show no symptoms and don't know that they have it. If symptoms do exist, they usually include tiredness, abdominal and joint pain, loss of appetite and vomiting, headaches, fever, and hives. Later symptoms may include dark urine, pale bowel movements, and yellow skin and eyes. When hepatitis B does not go away on its own, it can cause serious liver disease. There is no treatment for hepatitis B, and when the damage to the liver is severe, it can lead to chronic illness or death. NOT CURABLE BUT CAN GO AWAY
ON ITS OWN VACCINE AVAILABLE Talk to your parents or doctor about getting vaccinated against HPV and Hepatitis B. As you can see, many of these diseases, especially the most dangerous ones, often do not have any symptoms. If you are sexually active, you and your partner need to be checked by a doctor REGULARLY. Getting tested is the only way to know for sure what's going on down there, and it's the best way to make sure that you start treatment in time.
IGNORANCE IS NOT BLISS. This is your body and your health. Do not ignore the importance of STD/STI testing. It may feel embarrassing at first, but you'll get used to it. This is one of the reasons for the importance of honesty in a relationship. You need to be HONEST with your partner if you know or suspect that you may have one of these infections, and your partner needs to have the same honesty with you.
This is also why it is safest to maintain MONOGAMOUS sexual relationships; it's hard enough to find one trustworthy partner, let alone multiple ones. But if you do have multiple partners, the importance of regular STD/STI testing is even more important. SO, WHAT'S SO TERRIBLE ABOUT GETTING PREGNANT AND HAVING A BABY? MY FRIENDS HAVE BABIES! There are definitely a lot of high school mothers and fathers in today's world. And, let's face it, some of them seem to be doing just fine. Having a baby in high school does not automatically doom the parents or the baby to failure. But there are several reasons why teen parents struggle much more than older parents who are more prepared for the changes and responsibilities that
come with having a child. RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH TEEN PREGNANCY: Medical risks: Emotional risks: low birth weight
inadequate fetal growth
fetal alcohol syndrome
pre-eclampsia depression & anxiety
feelings of alienation by peers and family
feelings of failure
feelings of resentment toward the baby Other risks: increased likelihood of high school dropout
decreased likelihood of pursuing college
dramatic change in social life
decreased likelihood of receiving proper medical care during pregnancy http://www.livestrong.com/article/113172-risks-teenage-pregnancy/ RISKS ASSOCIATED WITH TEEN PARENTHOOD: Teenage Parenthood: A Review of Risks and Consequences http://www.rand.org/pubs/notes/N1714.html Only about 60% of teen mothers graduate from high school or receive a GED, and only between 5% and 10% of teen mothers have completed 2 years of college by the age of 30. Less than 3% will receive a college degree. Children born to teen mothers are more likely to be neglected and abused, and to have behavioral and social problems at home and at school; they are 2.5 times more likely to go to jail during adolescence, are less likely to graduate from high school, and are more likely to become teenage parents themselves. Teen parents have lower incomes and are more likely to live in poverty ; 80% of teen mothers receive some sort of public financial aid such as food stamps or housing assistance. Only about 30% of teen mothers receive child support from the fathers. Babies born to teen mothers are more likely to develop health problems due to poor medical attention and inexperience; the babies are also 50% more likely to die during infancy. NOW IS NOT THE TIME TO BE SHY. If you are sexually active, or are considering becoming sexually active, you need to practice reliable birth control. EVERYONE needs to use condoms during sexual intercourse, but you can decrease your chances of an unintended pregnancy even more with additional contraceptives. Talk to your parents, your doctor, your school counselor, or another adult to find out what your options are.
Additionally, condoms are always available free of charge in the school counselor's office. IT'S ALL UP TO YOU. Your sexual decisions regarding your own body are your own.
Whether you choose to have intercourse, participate in other sexual activities, or keep things less involved, you MUST be responsible.
IF YOU HAVE SEX, USE CONDOMS.
Protect your self-esteem. Don't do anything that you know will make you feel ashamed, embarrassed, or guilty. That is not what a healthy sexual relationship is about. There is absolutely nothing wrong with NOT having sex, and if you choose to not do it, you'll have a lot less to worry about, emotionally and physically.
Remember that this is your body; nobody can force you to do anything that makes you uncomfortable, regardless of the situation. Nobody has a right to hurt you, whether it is rape, other sexual assault, non-sexual assault, or emotional abuse. If you find yourself involved in ANY of these situations, tell someone immediately, and always remember that it is not your fault. LESS EDUCATION BEHAVIORAL PROBLEMS FINANCIAL TROUBLE ABSENT FATHERS HEALTH PROBLEMS