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Transcript of Poetry Prezi
Steps to Reading Poetry
1) Read the poem more than once.
2) Pay attention to punctuation.
3) Consider the poem's mood
or overall feel.
4) Consider what the poem is
trying to tell you.
5) Create a picture in your mind.
In order to understand poetry, it's important to understand figurative language.
In order to really understand poetry, we need to learn figurative language terms. That way we can analyze poetry better. So, let's get going. After we learn a few, we'll practice reading poetry!
Poems to Analyze
Now it's time to put our skills to work. We'll examine a few poems to see if we can identify important elements. As you listen to each poem, you are going to answer questions in your packet.
Now it's time for you to write your own poetry! Let's look at the rubric for your project.
1) How can language move us, challenge us, and change us?
2) What does language mean to me?
3) What does it mean to use figurative language?
Now, take a minute to think about your history as a poet and a reader of poetry. Do you enjoy poetry? Do you hate it? What makes a piece of writing a poem? Do you have any favorite poems?
Some favorite poems
Take a moment to look through the resources on the cart. Find a poem that speaks to you. Plan to share it in a few minutes.
Our favorite poems:
Some famous poems you might have heard of:
So, is poetry just writing?
Sort of. It's often musical, sometimes rhythmic. It often conveys emotion. Google says poetry is a "literary work in which special intensity is given to the expression of feelings and ideas by the use of distinctive style and rhythm."
So, yes! Almost any writing can be poetry.
I like the Google definition, but I like Robert Frost's better.
"A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness."
The boy is sitting in a box.
That woman thinks outside of the box.
The grass is green.
My envy is as green as that grass.
Now, you think of a few.
What is figurative language?
Figurative language is the opposite of literal language. Literal language is language that means exactly what it says.
Figurative language means using words or phrases to imply something else or evoke an emotion.
Did you know that the following could be considered poetry?
Dr. Seuss books
A rhyme on a bathroom wall (don't write on bathroom walls)
Now let's watch a YouTube video about it!
Something that has meaning in an itself while standing for something else.
Can you guess what these common literary symbols mean?
Colors (green, blue, black, red)
Giving human qualities or characteristics to a non-human thing.
The wind whispered.
The moon smiled.
The tree hugged us with its branches.
Be careful. Sometimes examples don't work because these non-human things actually can do the action in question. For example, "The tree held us up," isn't personification because a tree actually can hold us.
A comparison of two distinctly different things linked by the words like or as.
The wind whipped through the window like a freight train.
The trick here is to make sure you are actually comparing two different things. For example, the sun was like a giant ball of light isn't really a simile because the sun actually is a giant ball of light.
A comparison of two distinctly different things using is, are, or were. Metaphors do not use like or as.
My love is a red rose.
My students are angels (or beasts) :)
Simile or Metaphor?
Can you tell the difference?
No one invites Harold to parties because he’s a wet blanket.
As the teacher entered the room she muttered under her breath, “This class is a three-ring circus!”
The giant’s steps were thunder as he ran toward Jack.
The pillow was a cloud when I put my head upon it after a long day.
I feel like a limp dishrag.
Those girls are like two peas in a pod.
The fluorescent light was the sun during our test.
The baby was like an octopus, grabbing at all the cans on the grocery store shelves.
The bar of soap was a slippery eel during the dog’s bath.
Ted was as nervous as a cat with a long tail in a room full of rocking chairs.
The same sounds at the beginning of words.
Most tongue twisters have alliteration. Here are a few:
Angela Abigail Applewhite ate anchovies and artichokes.
Bertha Bartholomew blew big, blue bubbles.
Clever Clifford Cutter clumsily closed the closet clasps.
Dwayne Dwiddle drew a drawing of dreaded Dracula.
Elmer Elwood eluded eleven elderly elephants.
Floyd Flingle flipped flat flapjacks.
Greta Gruber grabbed a group of green grapes.
Hattie Henderson hated happy healthy hippos.
Ida Ivy identified the ivory iris.
Julie Jackson juggled the juicy, jiggly jello.
A word that sounds the same as the noise it represents.
Bang, smack, clank
What literary elements do you see in this poem?
The Base Stealer
By Robert Francis
Poised between going on and back, pulled
Both ways taut like a tightrope-walker,
Fingertips pointing the opposites,
Now bouncing tiptoe like a dropped ball
Or a kid skipping rope, come on, come on,
Running a scattering of steps sidewise,
How he teeters, skitters, tingles, teases,
Taunts them, hovers like an ecstatic bird,
He's only flirting, crowd him, crowd him,
Delicate, delicate, delicate, delicate - now!
By: Jack Prelutsky
Clankity Clankity Clankity Clank!
Ankylosaurus was built like a tank,
its hide was a fortress as sturdy as steel,
it tended to be an inedible meal.
It was armored in front, it was armored behind,
there wasn't a thing on its miniscule mind,
it waddled about on its four stubby legs,
nibbling on plants with a mouthful of pegs.
Ankylosaurus was best left alone,
its tail was a cudgel of gristle and bone,
Clankity Clankity Clankity Clank!
Ankylosaurus was built like a tank.
A sensory experience put into words;
this connects with one of the five senses. Imagery can include other forms of figurative language.
By James Berry
The class sounded like a herd of elephants.
I'm so hungry that I could eat a horse.
Repeating of two or more words that sound alike. They can be within a line or at the end of a line.
The pattern of rhyme in a poem.
By Langston Hughes
Hold fast to dreams
For if dreams die
Life is a broken-winged bird
That cannot fly.
Hold fast to dreams
For when dreams go
Life is a barren field
Frozen with snow.
The music in poetry
"Because I could not stop for death"
By Emily Dickinson
Because I could not stop for Death,
He kindly stopped for me;
The carriage held but just ourselves
You are not required to write any specific kinds of poems for your poetry book. The poems you choose are totally up to you. However, sometimes it can be hard to come up with ideas. Each day, you will look at a poem or song that showcases a certain technique or style. Then, I invite you to "try it" in your own writing. You don't have to use every one of the "try its," but you do have to use at least three. Remember to return to your Quilt of Concerns for additional help.
Try It 1
Write a poem using a color as a metaphor
The atmosphere that pervades a literary work with the intention of evoking a certain emotion or feeling from the audience.
In poetry, the language the author uses, the author's tone, and the subject matter all combine to create the mood.
Here are some words that describe mood:
playful, sentimental, suspenseful, somber, melancholy, joyous, depressed, mysterious, solemn, vulnerable, haunting, hopeful, lonely, relaxed, cranky, restless
"Walking on Sunshine"
Katrina and the Waves
The attitude of an author, as opposed to a NARRATOR or PERSONA, toward her subject matter and/or audience.
Tone is closely linked to the author's voice.
Here are some words that describe tone:
adoring, compassionate, reassuring, humorous, friendly, preachy, proud, euphoric, impartial, neutral, serious, arrogant, hostile, sarcastic, disrespectful, confused, melancholy
"Do not go gentle into that good night"
Write a poem in which you knock down the doors of something you hate.
Try It 4
Write a poem about leaving someone or someone leaving you.
"Leaving on a Jet Plane"
Try It 6
Write a poem as a tribute to another person in your life.
"To An Athlete Dying Young"'
Try It 3
Write a poem using two different voices.
"You Just Don't Get It"
Write a poem about being teased or teasing someone.
Quilt of Concerns:
Over the next few days, we will write a lot of different poems. At times you might find yourself struggling to think of an idea for a poem. Beyond any particular literary devices, poetry is about writing that moves us, writing that brings us to tears, makes us laugh, makes us suck in our breath.
Remember, Robert Frost says, " A poem begins as a lump in the throat, a sense of wrong, a homesickness, a lovesickness."
So, to find what moves us, we are going to start with an activity called
Quilt of Concerns.
“The World is Not a Pleasant Place to Be”
by Nikki Giovanni
the world is not a pleasant place
to be without
someone to hold and be held by
a river would stop
its flow if only
a stream were there
to receive it
an ocean would never laugh
if clouds weren’t there
to kiss her tears
the world is not
a pleasant place to be without
Reading poetry is a great opportunity to compare and contrast how author's write differently about similar topics.
Let's consider the following three poems/songs.
"My Papa's Waltz"
"Walk a Little Straighter"
The first poem we will examine is:
By Gary Soto
"Sound of Silence"
Simon and Garfunkel
"As I Grew Older"
We are almost done with our poetry unit. Now, it's time to write a letter to me reflecting on what you've learned.
Remember rewriting is the real work of writing.
Now it's time to choose your favorite two poems and revise them.
I'll give you a sheet to help you.