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Inclusionary Zoning

Connecting Communities of Oregon

Vivian Satterfield

on 30 November 2016

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Transcript of Inclusionary Zoning

City of Portland Process
What Is Inclusionary Zoning?
The City of Portland is developing a new policy so that there's some apartments in those new buildings that will be affordable to families like Sharon's.

There are limits that the State of Oregon has put on the tool, however.
Only applies to new developments with 20 or more units
Could require that 20% of the units are rented/sold at discount prices
Can only require units be discounted to a certain amount (MFI)
As part of this policy, the City of Portland is required to give developers certain things they want in exchange for these affordable units, such as loans from the City, more height or space in the building, or discounts on their taxes.
Or, developers can pay $$ into a fund for affordable housing targeting even lower income households, instead of including the units in the new buildings
Meet Sharon and her child Alex. She was born and raised off of Alberta Street in Portland and graduated from Jefferson High School in 1996. They live in a two bedroom apartment in an affordable housing complex in Outer SE Portland.

She earned an Associates Degree from PCC and applied for a medical transcription certification program. She currently works downtown, earning $47,000 (80% of median family income).
Is This Enough?
There are many reasons why we currently are in a housing crisis in Portland. We must use many tools and policies together to help solve it.

But inclusive housing can allow Sharon to move to a new apartment building in Multnomah Village, where her child Alex can attend highly rated schools like Gray Middle School and Wilson High School.
Factors to Consider in Inclusionary Zoning
Expanding Housing Opportunity in Portland
Inclusionary Housing
Technical analysis by consultants
Panel of housing experts
Community-wide discussion series
Intra-bureau technical team (Bureau of Development Services, Bureau of Planning and Sustainability, Portland Housing Bureau)
Engaging Now Prepares Us for the Future
The lack of affordable housing in all communities is an obstacle to achieving equal opportunity for families at all income levels.

The City of Portland's inclusionary zoning policy is being shaped right now and will go before City Council for adoption before the end of the year. It will be a policy that will need to be adjusted in the future, as the real estate market and our housing needs change.
Alex is 14 and is a freshman at David Douglas High School. Alex has asthma and misses a significant amount of school due to respiratory problems.
A History of Discrimination
& Displacement
Sharon's grandfather moved to Vanport in 1942 to work in the Kaiser shipyards. After the flood, he was displaced to a duplex off of Russell St.
The Legacy of Urban Renewal
The City displaced Sharon's family in the mid 70's in order to build Emmanuel Hospital. Sharon was born in 1978 in an old home off NE 15th and Alberta. Her parents couldn't keep up with rising rents and moved out in 2000. Though she'd like to move back, Sharon can't afford to live in her old neighborhood.
Locked Out of Opportunity
Increasing rents, increasing population and decreased funding at the Federal and state level for housing, deliberate public policy exacerbating patterns of gentrification and displacement, has led to some areas of the city being left completely unaffordable. This is all while we see new apartments going up all over the central city.

East Portland is one of the last remaining affordable areas in the City of Portland. Even now, families are increasingly moving out of the city entirely.
Image: Scrappers, The Mercury
Our Homes, Our Environment, Our Health
Other Barriers to Housing Mobility
On top of rising rents, the current 90-day notice for rent increases isn't enough to quickly find a new home. A landlord may also evict a tenant without offering a reason why.
Sharon saw a listing for a new apartment building in Multnomah Village, with high-performing schools, clean air, and plenty of food and transportation options. But she can't afford the market rate rent.
What will Portland look like in 20 years if we do nothing?
Unhealthy food
Air toxics and asthma
Cars and freeways
How would our lives be different if housing in Portland was more affordable?

Disconnected from cultural communities
A Portland Story
Full transcript