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LSA2010

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Leah Campbell

on 17 May 2010

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Transcript of LSA2010

Classical Criminology Theories in the catergory of classical criminology explain crime by saying that peole make the chioce to commit crime when they percieve the benefits of commiting said crime as greater than the cost. Positive School Criminology Postiive school criminology theories concentrate on sources of crime other than basic choices. Biological Psychological Socialogical Biological theories say that there is soething biologically wrong with people who commit crimes, wether it's their arms are too long or they have an extra cromosome they cannot help but be criminals because their biological make up says they have to be. Psycological theories focus on the brain as the reason that people commit crimes this could include things such as a underdevloped brain or a weak super ego. Socialogical theories claim that society and the environment is the main cause of crime. This can include things like having a bad child hood or being surrounded by negitive behaviors. Ceasar Lombroso is largely cosidered the father of modren crinimology. He theorized that criminals are less evolved than other humans. He said that Ceasar Lombroso is largely considered the father of modren criminology. He theorized that criminals were less evolved than other people. People who were less evolved do not have the mental capacity to learn right from wrong and thus they committed crimes. Criminals shared a few common traits that they can be identified by. Some of the traits that Caesar identified include Excessive body hair large pronounced fore heads attached ear lobes Receding hair line Charateristics of Atavism Lombroso's theories have been largely discredited, although he is still signficant because he was the first criminologist to test his theories scientifically. Another, more recent biological theory is XYY Defect theory. This theory says that males who are born with an extra Y chromosome are more likely to be criminals than other males with out the extra chromosome. Studies have found that the percentage of men living in normal society with this defect is much smaller than the percentage of males in prison with the defect. It is believed that the extra Y chromosome makes extra testosterone and thus make the "Super Males" more aggressive. Kohlberg theorized that there are diffrent stages of moral developement and those who commit criminal acts are stuck at the lower stages. Preconventional Stage 1- Avoid breaking rules to avoid punishment.
People in stage one cannot consider anyone's perspective but their own. Stage 2- The reciprocal value of an action. Onlydoes things in their own best interests.
" You scratch my back i'll scratch your's" Conventional Stage 3- Identify whatis right in relation to what people arroud them expect. It is important to be a good boy or girl. Stage 4- People in stage 4 identify themselves as a member of society and as a member it is important to follow rules, respect authority, and do ypur duty in order to maintain social order. Postconventional Stage 5- In stage five people begin to examine other's differing values, beliefs and oppinions. Yet when the needs of the society for law and order conflict with the needs of the indivisual a person in stage five will be sympathetic but still side with society. Stage 6- People in stage 6 have developed an internal sence of right and wrong that may not necessairly coninside withthe laws of society and they will follow their rules. Social learning theory says that people immatate behavoir that they observe as having positive out come. So if Jenny sees her sister steal a piece of candy and not get punished, she is more likely to try to steal a piece for her self in, than if she sees her sister taken to time out or punished in some other way.
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