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Tomorrow, When the War Began
Transcript of Tomorrow, When the War Began
Who is the author?
John Marsden was born in 1950 in Melbourne, Australia.
"Tomorrow, When the War Began" was Marsden's 10th book and was published in 1994.
The plot of TWTWB follows eight teenagers from country town Wirrawee on a camping trip to Hell (the bush). When they return, they find their town has been invaded by an army and must now rely on each other to survive.
Setting of the novel
TWTWB was set in mid-1990s rural Australia. This is important to understand the feelings of the teenagers as they experience war, and exactly how they experience it.
All of you reading this book were not alive when it first was released, and the main characters are teens. This means they were born in the 1980s and have experienced life differently to you.
What are some things that you have or experience as teens today? (Technology, social life?)
Who was in power?
Robert (Bob) Hawke - PM 1983-1991. Labor.
Immortalised by the Guinness Book of Records for sculling 2.5 pints of beer in 11 seconds. Implemented Acts including the World Heritage Properties Conservation Act 1983 (Cth), the Sex Discrimination Act 1984 (Cth), which made discrimination on the basis of sex illegal in employment situations and established ATSIC as an agency for Indigenous people.
Paul Keating - PM 1991 - 1996. Labor.
Was a manager of a rock band (The Ramrods) and collected antique French clocks. Used terms in Parliament such as "you scumbag" and "you slime". He implemented Acts including the Disability Discrimination Act 1992 (Cth) and the Endangered Species Protection Act 1992 (Cth), which provided for the protection of endangered species and ecological communities. Also worked on Australia becoming a Republic and a new Australian flag.
If you grew up in the 1980s and 1990s, you could expect to hear on the radio musicians including:
- Cyndi Lauper - Nirvana
- Michael Jackson - Red Hot Chilli Peppers
- Bruce Springsteen - Kylie Minogue
- Bon Jovi - Spice Girls
- KISS - George Michael
- Queen - Radiohead
- INXS - LeAnn Rimes
- Tina Turner - Dr. Dre
Who are popular musicians in the 2000s?
If you lived in the 1980s and 1990s, technology was vastly different. You would see items, including:
- The Nintendo Entertainment System (NES) 1980s
- Pacman was released 1980
- MTV was launched
- The Walkman for cassette tapes was released 1984
- Tamagotchis were released in the 1990s
- Laser tag
- Street Fighter
- Toy Story was the first full length CGI film released
- Dolly the sheep was the first mammal to be fully cloned
Pre - 9/11
As teenagers today, you have grown up in a world post 9/11 terrorist attacks. In TWTWB, they have not experienced this but they would have experienced other significant world events.
In 1989, the Berlin Wall fell. This meant that families who had been separated into East Berlin (owned by Soviet Russia) and West Berlin (owned by America, Britain and France). It symbolised the end of the Cold War.
In 1986, Chernobyl Nuclear Power Plant (Ukraine) exploded. The radiation from this explosion was 100 times more powerful than the atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki in WWII. People are still affected physically and psychologically by this.
In 1989, China's Tiananmen Square experienced a student protest for political reform. Army tanks drove around the Square and killed unarmed protestors.
In 1986, the United States bombed Libya. It was stated by President Ronald Reagan to be against terrorist targets.
In 1994, the Rwanda genocides occurred. It was a racial genocide lasting for 100 days and left 800,000 dead.
In 1990, Nelson Mandela was freed from prison in South Africa after 27 years. He was imprisoned for leading a bombing protest against the government and conspiring to overthrow the government.
In 1992, the Cold War was officially the end of the Cold War. It spanned from 1947 to 1991, and was named a "cold" was as two major powers (US and Soviet Union)—each possessing nuclear weapons and thereby threatened with mutual assured destruction—never met in direct military combat.
In TWTWB, the teenagers need to survive. They have not personally experienced war and so are thrust into a world unknown.
What are the qualities of a survivor?
What items do you need to survive?