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The settlement of Hungarian Immigrants
Transcript of The settlement of Hungarian Immigrants
scholar Stephen Parmenius of Buda
Colonel Micheal de Kováts
Ágoston Haraszty and Sándor Bölöni Farkas
Middle of the 19th century->1. bigger wave:3000-4000.
Educated and noble people.
Generally in the East Coast:
Only some to
(Iowa) or to
(Iowa)actually founded by the Forty-eighters
Great Economic Immigration (1880-1915)
The refugee intellectuals, the displaced persons and the Fifty-sixers
1960’s :Hungarians started to move to western and northern states.
no longer political refugees, professional reasons motivated their immigration.
California, Texas or Florida
650 000-700 000 Hungarian
aims:savings and returning
exclusionary immigration laws of 1921 and 1924
1930s 2000-3000 Hungarian: intellectual refugees
post-World War II period: 17 000 DPs
Fifty-sixers: 40 000
goals and background:completely different from the turn-of the century Immigrants
but destinations remained quite unchanged
work:coal mines, steel, textile and iron mills
Camoria Steel Company, Carnegie Iron and Steel Company or Cambriel Steel Co.
Abaúj and Zemplén
dispersedly, according to their workplace.
Pittsburgh, Hazleton, Homestead, Johnstown, Bethlehem and McKeesport,Philadelphia
2. New York
Little Hungary- gulyás avenue
skilled industrial workers, artisans, merchants, Jews
less industrial workers,more of Hungarian intellectuals
the biggest and most concentrated Hungarian settlement: ‘Amerikai Kecskemét’, ‘Amerikai Debrecen’
National Malleable Castings Co. ,Eberhardt Manufacturing Company:production of iron casting for stoves, railway carriages,
employed Hungarian peasant labor force
Heves, Abaúj and Gömör
Perth Amboy :
iron, wire and copper factories
Roebling wire factory
Johnson and Johnson Company
New wave of immigration
Hungarian population :declining
Little Hungaries disappearing
Still try to preserve their cultural traditions
Thank you for your attention!