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Impacts of Liberalism
Transcript of Impacts of Liberalism
Electoral Reform in the UK
Rutland – agricultural area in central England
Truro – tin mining center
Other locations – major industrial centers
The Class system
Improving working conditions
1833 Factory Act, mill owners had to prove: they provided workers under 13 years old with two hours of schooling a day for six days of the week
1870 An Education Act established Education Boards that could create new schools and pay the fees for the poorest children.
1874 Children aged 10-14 were allowed to work part time in order to make time for their education.
1880 Education was made compulsory for 5-10 year olds.
1891 Schools received grants (subsidies) so that they could stop charging for basic primary education.
1918 Compulsory education was extended to children up to 14.
1833 Factory Act : 9-13 year olds were not to work more than an 8 hour day.
1837 birth certificates were used to prove children were legally old enough to work.
1844 older children could work a maximum of 12 hours and must be given an hour and a half for meals.
1847 Factory Act: Working day 10 hours or 58 hours a week.
1844 Factory Act made it compulsory for: Machinery to be fenced in and required accidental deaths at work to be reported and investigated by a surgeon.
1897 Workmen’s Compensation Act: Employers were legally required to compensate for injuries and deaths at work.
Skilled textile workers were replaced by machines "Frames" operated by cheap unskilled labour
Ned Ludd first to destroy machinery in 1779
"Army of Redressers" (1811)
Read page 131-132
Continuity & Change
Opposition to Change
Opposing political or social progress or reform: Reactionary attitudes toward women’s rights.
Castle Howard, England. One of the grandest private residences in Britain, most of it was built between 1699 and 1712 for the 3rd Earl of Carlisle.
30-2 Read the caption beside figure 4-6 on page 103. How was the class system changing?
In 2017 1000 pounds=
Impact of Classical Liberalism on the Class System