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Anglo-Saxon Period

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Sofia Pérez Semanaz

on 9 October 2013

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Transcript of Anglo-Saxon Period

Anglo-Saxon Period
Religion, Schooling and Literature

• Scribes:
- worked in copying before the invention of the printing press
- were needed to reproduce manuscripts as well for the administrative duties of bishops
• Priests educated others.
• The women responsible for the education of women Abbesses.
- Women who were in a convent that was superior to that of nuns.
By: Sofia Pérez Semanaz & Alejandro Carrera
• In Anglo-Saxon, England, had a religion known as Heathery.
• Heathery was used to describe the two types of religious groups that practice this religion.
• The original Heathens were those who lived more than 1,000 years ago in the Pre-Christian era in the Northern European parts of the world.

Through day to day actions and religious rights, Heathens hoped to build good and healthy relationships with spirits of the land, gods, other communities, and ancestors.

• Their schooling focused on Latin Christianity.
• Students were instructed oral and by catechism.
- Students were focused on memorizing:
> What they learned
> Prayers
> Psalms as well as passages
• Students wrote on wax tablets, because paper parchment was very expensive at the time.

• There were other schools which taught students to sing for churches.
• Students learned:
> Basic Latin reading
> Alphabet
> Main psalms and prayers
• There were other monasteries and churches which were "greater" which taught them everything:
> Singing
> Reading
> Writing Latin
• Heathery was polytheistic
• Meaning that they believed in various gods.
• The same gods that belong in Heathenry are the same gods that belong to Norse Mythology
- Thor
- Odin
- Heimdall

- Named after the god Tiw which is pronounced as "Tyr"

- Named after Odin

- Named after the god Thor
Týr, god of
War, Sky, and
God of thunder
Odin, god of war, death, poetry and wisdom
• Schools were situated in the homes of bishops or priests and monasteries
• The purpose behind the schools was to educate those who were to become monks or priests and who needed to know Latin as well as to teach scribes.
• Began as an oral tradition
• Stories, poems, and songs were all told aloud and passed from generation to generation orally through minstrels (also called scops)
• Poems traditionally had a strong beat, alliteration, and no rhyme.
• One of the few pieces that survived. Priests and monks were the only ones who could write; stories survival depended upon them.
• Unknown author
• Takes place in Sweden, Denmark, and Frisia.
- Elements in the poem:
> Religious feeling
> Mixtures of savagery, sentiment and nobility.
> Love of nature
> Common sense, power of endurance, seriousness of thought
> Emotional, imaginative and sensitive.
Original manuscript of the poem
A scop, or minstrel with his harp
• Beowulf is the most well-known Anglo-Saxon poem, and is a form of poetry called the epic.
• Long heroic poem
• About a great legendary warrior known for his courage, strength, & dignity.
The Epic
Runic alphabet with English counterpart
Beowulf first page
- Hero featuring all qualities of an epic hero
- Has superhuman strength and is fearless and brave in battler.

1) Beowulf
- King of the village that Beowulf saves from Grendel.
- He is a father figure to Beowulf and a model for the kind of king that Beowulf becomes.
- He is very wise
2) Hrothgar
• Sole survivor of a great epic tradition
• Great poetry
• Linguistic document, it's full of revelations
• Gives us information about Old English social life and politics.
Why is Beowulf
3) Grendel
- Monster terrorizing Hrothgar's village.
- A monster set out to avenge her son's death
4) Grendel's mother
- Powerful serpent
- Guards a horde of treasure in a hidden mound

5) The dragon
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