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Charting Constitutional History
Transcript of Charting Constitutional History
andwere the first form of
They set up a very weak
government and strong
state governments. Passed by The Second continental Congress in 1776 to declare the 13 colonies politically separate from Great Britain. Charting Constitutional History Gathering of statemen and political thinkers
from across the American colonies in 1787 with
the goal to perfect the flawed Articles of Confederation. Rather than change the existing Articles, the colonists instead created an entirely new document, the American Constitution. Supreme political power of a
political group or nation. Opposed the Constitution, generally favored a weak central government and strong state governments. These men were the elected statesmen from each colony who attended the Constitutional Convention in 1787. Created By Emilie Belyea Delegates Three Branches Of Government The idea of separating government into three branches or houses in order to create a system of "checks and balances." This idea is largely credited to the French philosopher Baron De Montesquieu. The American government created under the Constitution has a legislative branch, an executive branch, and a judicial branch. Separation of Powers The idea that each branch of government has specific powers that cannot be encroached upon by the other branches of government. New Jersey Plan A plan developed at the Constitutional Convention of 1787, designed to protect the rights of small states by ensuring one vote per state in the legislative branch of government. The plan was proposed by the delegation from the state of New Jersey. Virginia Plan A plan proposed at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 by the delegation from Virginia. The plan aimed to protect the interests of larger states with higher population in the legislative branch of the new government. Three-Fifths Clause Agreement reached at the Constitutional Convention of 1787 that 3/5ths of a state's enslaved population would be counted towards the House of Representatives. It was introduced by Delegates Roger Sherman and James Wilson. Connecticut Compromise Agreement between the small and large states to have a two-house legislature, including a senate and a house of representatives. Federalists Supporters of the the Constitution, generally wanted a powerful central government. Ratification The process by which states pledged their support for the new Constitution. Bill of Rights 1st Ten Ammendments to the Constitution, passed in 1791. They protect:
-freedom of religion, speech, press and petition,
-right to keep and bear arms
-conditions for quarters of soldiers
-rights of regulation of search and seizure
-provisions concerning prosecution
-right to a speedy trial, witnesses, etc...
-right to a trial by jury
-protection from excessive bail and cruel punishment
-rule of construction of Constitution
-rights of the states under Constitution