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The Atomic Age
Transcript of The Atomic Age
Creating the Atomic Bomb
On August 21,1939 about a few days before WW2 was officially declared a physicist name Albert Einstein wrote a letter to US president FDR. The letter was to warn the US about Nazi Germany's plan to "purify" Uranium-235. Uranium-235 is a substance that could be used to make an atomic bomb. The letter then made the US eager to make it first. The president hired 13 physicists to help. The physicist's names where Robert Oppenheimer, David Bohm, Leo Szilard, Eugene Wigner, Otto Frisch, Rudolf Peierls, Felix Bloch, Niels Bohr, Emilio Segre, James Franck, Enrico Fermi, Klaus Fuchs and Edward Teller. With the scientist's help the US government began a secret project known only as the Manhattan project. For six years (1939-1945) the US spent over 2 billion dollars on this project.
President Truman's Decision
After President Truman found out about the success of the Manhattan project he realized he had a problem on his hands. The problem was deciding if it was right to drop the atomic bomb on Japan or not. The US was tired of fighting Japan, and this could have ended the war quickly. The Allies first asked the leaders of Japan to stand down, the request also said that they would have total destruction on they hands if they didn't but they didn't. The Americans already had people on Japanese land (Okinawa, and Iwo Jima), but the Japanese where fighting them everyday. The Japanese had over 2 million troops on the battle field, and the Americans where out number. There where other factors too. One was the bombing of Pearl Harbor. The US had to take action so on August 6, 1945, a plane called the Enola Gay dropped an atomic bomb on the city of Hiroshima. On August 9, 1945, a second atomic bomb was dropped on Nagasaki.
Fat Man & Little Boy
The Fat Man and The Little boy where the code names for two atom bombs dropped on Nagasaki, and Hiroshima, Japan. The Fat Man was the second bomb to be dropped on August 9,1945 over Nagasaki. Little Boy was the 1st bomb dropped on Hiroshima. This bomb was dropped from the plane Enola Gay, named after the pilot's mother Enola Gay Tibbets, the pilot's name was Colonel Paul Tibbets.
Health Effects of the Atomic Bomb
The dropping of the two atomic bombs was a hard time for the people of Japan. Thousand died in the explosion, and thousands more died from other radiation related sicknesses. When the Little Boy was dropped over 70,000 people were vaporized. Over 100,000 died in the years following, but some died from burns from the intense energy, and heat from the bomb. The next bomb, the Fat Man vaporized over 80,000 people. The scientist never knew about the side effects of the bomb, and about radiation sickness. Scientists say that they thermal energy from the bomb could effect the region for years to come.
Historical Effect of the Atomic Bomb
The effect of the cold war can range from a lot of things, for example,the cold war,or the end of WW2. Five days after the dropping of the bomb, the Japanes surrendered, ending WW2, and the Allies where the victors. The cold war was a war of words that ranged from 1947 til the end of the USSR in 1991. The war was just a show of strength. The "war" was between the US, and the USSR(Soviets). A lot of things happened in that time to try, and impress the other. For example the US sent a man to the moon, and the Russians made a lot of missiles, and hid them in Cuba, that is why Cuba is under, and embargo from the US, and mostly from the rest of the world. The Cold War ended on 1991, when the USSR crumbled into the countries they are today
* Mary Bellis, 12-16-2013, inventor.about.com/od/astartinventions/a/atomic_bomb.htm
* Us history.com, 12-16-2013, www.ushistory.org/us/51g.asp
* wikipedia, 12-17-2013,