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The Rebellions of 1837 In Upper and Lower Canada

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wilson lin

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of The Rebellions of 1837 In Upper and Lower Canada

What were the rebellions?
What Caused the rebellion in Upper Canada?
-Land speculators and landowners overpriced the land
The rebellion in Upper Canada
-Mackenzie gathered 1000 followers in Toronto
The Rebellions of 1837
The Rebellions of 1837 In Upper and Lower Canada
Yu Soo
, and
-The lower class people revolting against the government
-Changes from colonial government to democratic government
What caused a rebellion in Lower Canada?
-The ruling class was English and the majority was French
-economic depression of the French Canadian Farmers

-discrimination against the French

-The French wanted to protect their language and religion
Colonial Government
-A government where only
the upper class people had
a say in politics
The Patriotes
-led by
Louis-Joseph Papineau

After the rebellion ..
Effects on Aboriginal people during/ and after the rebellions
-Most Aboriginal people preferred the British side
-They thought an American-style democracy would have negative effects on them
-Crown and clergy reserves interrupted colonists to build roads
William Lyon Mackenzie
-Mackenzie was the leader of the Reformers in Upper Canada
-Mackenzie and other radical leaders wanted an American-style democracy
-wanted an American-style democracy
Chateau Clique
-equivalent to the Family Compact in Upper Canada

-A French Canadian party in Lower Canada
-They were supported by farmers and craftsmen
-A small group of officials in Lower Canada
-They were appointed by the governor
Who lead the rebellion in Lower Canada?
-The rebellion in Lower Canada was lead by members of the Patriotes:

Louis-Joseph Papineau

Jean-Oivier Chenier
Wolfred Nelson
The Rebellion in Lower Canada
-A battle between Patriote rebels and the British started in
November 1837
-The defeat of the Patriotes lead to the burning of French Canadian settlements
-Papineau quickly escaped to the US
A second rebellion in Lower Canada started in November of 1838
-it was supported by American volunteers
-it was quickly put down once against because of its lack of organization
- Papineau left the US for exile in Paris
92 resolutions
-it was a list that consisted of all the grievances in Lower Canada
-The Patriotes took it directly to London for approval
-instead of accepting the 92 resolutions, the British Colnial Secretary passed the
10 resolutions
which revoked their power
Upper Canada
was on the upper end of the St.Lawrence River near the east side of Quebec
Lower Canada
was on the lower end of the St.Lawrence River on the southern region of what is now Ontario
-Only the Family Compact was to blame
-elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1828
-On December 5, Mackenzie and the reformers marched and attacked groups of loyalists
-Few days later the reformers retreated from a larger group of loyalists
-there several other attempts of revolting but all failed
-Many rebel leaders including Mackenzie fled to the US (he was later exiled)
-many members of the rebellion were hung
-Conflicts around land increased
-Eventually their land disappeared from a storm of European immigrants
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