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The Rebellions of 1837 In Upper and Lower Canada

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wilson lin

on 11 February 2014

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Transcript of The Rebellions of 1837 In Upper and Lower Canada

What were the rebellions?
What Caused the rebellion in Upper Canada?
-Land speculators and landowners overpriced the land
The rebellion in Upper Canada
-Mackenzie gathered 1000 followers in Toronto
The Rebellions of 1837
The Rebellions of 1837 In Upper and Lower Canada
By:
Sam
,
Travis
,
Yu Soo
,
Edmund
, and
Wilson
-The lower class people revolting against the government
-Changes from colonial government to democratic government
What caused a rebellion in Lower Canada?
-The ruling class was English and the majority was French
-economic depression of the French Canadian Farmers

-discrimination against the French

-The French wanted to protect their language and religion
Colonial Government
-A government where only
the upper class people had
a say in politics
The Patriotes
-led by
Louis-Joseph Papineau


After the rebellion ..
Effects on Aboriginal people during/ and after the rebellions
-Most Aboriginal people preferred the British side
-They thought an American-style democracy would have negative effects on them
-Crown and clergy reserves interrupted colonists to build roads
William Lyon Mackenzie
-Mackenzie was the leader of the Reformers in Upper Canada
-Mackenzie and other radical leaders wanted an American-style democracy
-wanted an American-style democracy
Chateau Clique
-equivalent to the Family Compact in Upper Canada


-A French Canadian party in Lower Canada
-They were supported by farmers and craftsmen
-A small group of officials in Lower Canada
-They were appointed by the governor
Who lead the rebellion in Lower Canada?
-The rebellion in Lower Canada was lead by members of the Patriotes:


-
Louis-Joseph Papineau

-
Jean-Oivier Chenier
-
Wolfred Nelson
The Rebellion in Lower Canada
-A battle between Patriote rebels and the British started in
November 1837
-The defeat of the Patriotes lead to the burning of French Canadian settlements
-Papineau quickly escaped to the US
A second rebellion in Lower Canada started in November of 1838
-it was supported by American volunteers
-it was quickly put down once against because of its lack of organization
- Papineau left the US for exile in Paris
92 resolutions
-it was a list that consisted of all the grievances in Lower Canada
-The Patriotes took it directly to London for approval
-instead of accepting the 92 resolutions, the British Colnial Secretary passed the
10 resolutions
which revoked their power
-
Upper Canada
was on the upper end of the St.Lawrence River near the east side of Quebec
-
Lower Canada
was on the lower end of the St.Lawrence River on the southern region of what is now Ontario
-Only the Family Compact was to blame
-elected to the Legislative Assembly in 1828
-On December 5, Mackenzie and the reformers marched and attacked groups of loyalists
-Few days later the reformers retreated from a larger group of loyalists
-there several other attempts of revolting but all failed
-Many rebel leaders including Mackenzie fled to the US (he was later exiled)
-many members of the rebellion were hung
-Conflicts around land increased
-Eventually their land disappeared from a storm of European immigrants
Bibliography
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/rebellions-of-1837/
https://www.marxists.org/history/canada/quebec/patriotes-rebellion/introduction.htm
http://www.cbc.ca/history/EPCONTENTSE1EP7CH2PA4LE.html
http://www.thecanadianencyclopedia.com/en/article/rebellions-of-1837/
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/91513/Canada/42993/The-rebellions-of-1837-38
Full transcript