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The Sentence

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by

janine couch

on 29 October 2013

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Transcript of The Sentence

The Sentence
The Sentence
Every sentence has two basic parts:
a subject

(which tells who or what is doing something) and a
predicate
(which tells what the subject is doing.)
Predicate
Does the subject always come before the predicate?
Practice
Subject
The subject of the sentence is called the
simple

subject
. Any words attached to this subject are included in the
complete subject.
Questions
Sentences beginning with a preposition
Here comes the jury
"Jury" is the subject and comes is the verb.
Subject Predicate
"Red spoke to Rump"
"The Mountain was chanting."


A
simple subject
of a sentence is the subject of a sentence stripped of any modifiers or "describers."
"My destiny really stinks."
"Destiny" is the simple subject
Because "My" is the modifier
"My destiny" really stinks. So, "My destiny" is the complete subject
Subject is the person, place, or thing doing something
To find the subject, isolate the verb and then ask "who?" or "what" before it? The answer is your subject.
"Who" or "what" really stinks?
Is the part of the sentence that makes a statement about the subject.
The
predicate
usually comes after the subject.
Ask yourself: what is the sentence telling you about the subject.?
The main part of the
predicate
is the verb and a
complete predicate
includes the verb and all words attached to them.
No, the subject is not always first. Here are three examples of situations where this happens:
Did I forget to feed my cat?
"I" is the subject following the verb "did."
Sentences beginning with a preposition
Across the clearing ran the frightened deer.
Subject deer comes after the verb ran.
There
were
fifteen
cats
next door.
What is the subject?
What is the verb?
Are

you
ready?
What is the subject?
What is the verb?
Copy these sentences down in your WNB. Then, draw a line between the subject and predicate. Circle the simple subject. Draw a box around the simple predicate
1. The moon is shining bright.
2. Cassia is writing a letter.
3. Dinner will be ready in fifteen minutes.
4. We went to lunch with Bobby and his friend today.
5. The wild bunny hopped across the road.
6. I am very hungry.
7. Oh my gosh, I forgot my homework!
8. The tired old man came in from the rain.
Predicate Practice
1. My mother named me after a cow's rear end.
2. It's the favorite village joke.
3. I don't think it's true.
4. They only heard the first part.
5. Red glared at me.
Copy down these sentences in your WNB. Underline the complete predicate. Circle the simple predicate.
Subject Practice
1. The village bell began to chime.
2. That magic made me hungry for more.
3. Red walked right to the edge of the swarm.
4. She pulled out a chunk of honeycomb, dripping and golden.
5. Gran's soft eyes didn't move.
Copy down these sentences into your WNB. Underline the complete subject and circle the simple subject.
Full transcript