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Similarities and Differences between the House of Representatives and the Senate

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Melanie N

on 16 March 2011

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Transcript of Similarities and Differences between the House of Representatives and the Senate

Similarites and Differences
in the House and the Senate The House of Represenatives The Senate The basics 435 members
Minimum age is 25
A citizen for at least 7 years
2-year terms The basics
100 members
Minimum age is 30
Citizen for at least 9 years
2 representatives per state
6-year terms Differences Powers More centralized/strong leadership
Initiate all revenue bills
Must pass all articles of impeachment
Bigger influence on budget Powers Less centrialized/ weak leadership
Give "advice and consent" to many
presidential nominations
Approve treaties
Tries impeached officials
Larger influence on foreign affairs Leadership Leadership Speaker of the House controls and leads
Seniority determines power The president of the Senate (Vice President of the US) rarely participates/runs sessions
Seniority less important
Similarities Party loyalty to leadership and party line voting is more common More difficult to pass legislation (filibuster) Larger percentage of representatives reelected (~90%) Fewer representatives reelected (~65%);
more media coverage, though The basics
Members' goal is VISIBILITY
Same/similar salaries
Large retirement benefits/travel allowances
Most have high-status occupations and incomes
From the state they are representing
No term limits Committees Use of committees
Members united in joint and conference committees
Recieve a committee staff
Similar committees such as Agriculture, Appropriations, Armed Services, Budget, Judiciary, Small Business, and Veterans' Affairs General Minority leaders, majority leaders, and whips used
Both debate and vote on bills
Use staff agencies
Each member gets his/her personal staff
Organize themselves into caucuses
Members from either house of Congress can draft and/or submit bills
PAC support
Full transcript