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History of Ancient Greece
Transcript of History of Ancient Greece
Armistead Island's One Law
The main law for Armistead Island was that every citizen had to follow the rule of using horses for transportation and farming. No cars were allowed. This law was in place to make the island more energy efficient. Flyers and ads were in place to remind everyone to use only horses. If citizens did not follow this law they would spend an eternity in jail.
Terrain of Ancient Greece
Greece is on a peninsula, which contains many mountains that divide land into many regions and make little land available . There is a very rugged landscape and many large rivers.
Trade and Items Traded
Greece traded with nearby countries on the Mediterranean, Ionian, and Aegean seas, which played an important role in trading. Traded items include wine, olive oil, wood, fine pottery, nuts, figs, cheese, flax, grain, animal hides, and slaves.
The Effects of Trade
Gods and goddesses are very important in everyday worshiping. They are believed not to be distant, but living among the people of Greece. Some gods and goddesses include Zeus, Poseidon, Hades, and Athena, these are the main gods/goddesses.
Causes of the Peloponnesian War
The Effects and Consequences of the Peloponnesian War
Alexander the Great, King, Leader, and Friend
A Hero of Greece
Important Events Involving Alexander the Great
Sparta is part monarchy, oligarchy, and democracy. There were two kings, five selected superior visors, and a Council of Elders that proposed ideas for new laws.
Spartan children entered school at age 7 to learn how to fight and how to be a soldier , there was enormous discipline to produce good soldiers. Boys, even at 7 years of age had to endure pain and hardships in 'military' school. They learned strength, stealth, and to be cunning. Girls did go to school to learn to be strong emotionally and physically, as well as went to training camps.
Women were expected to be tough emotionally and physically, the education focused on athletic training and defense. Family was less important to women because of training on being emotionally tough. Women had more freedom in Sparta and could own land.
Athens was a direct democracy, they could vote on legislative and executive bills. Later on there was some oligarchic revolution. Yet only free male citizens were allowed to vote. The assembly legislated, elected some officials, tried political crimes, and executed pronouncements.
Positive effects included improved culture and cuisine. When Greece traded with other countries they could become allies and help each other expand armys to win more wars. When Ancient Greece traded with Anatolia, which made coins; they taught the Greeks how to make coins which improved government sufficiently.
Monarchy is a government ruled by a king or queen and monarchy was the first government in Ancient Greece.
In an oligarchy people ruled because of wealth and land ownership, mostly made up of Minority groups.
A democracy is when citizens could vote for leaders or government officials and have a say in government and laws.
In ancient Greece the direct democracy was made up of 50 government officials from each of the 10 tribes making 500 men. The men were randomly chosen and they proposed laws to be passed.
The education in Athens started at age 6 or 7. They studied logic, public speaking, reading, writing, poetry, arithmetic, and music, as well as learning to develop strength and coordination.
Athenian women learned household duties and had little freedom. They could not vote, and only few learned to read and write, as well as learning simple facts. The only time to leave the house or to go outside was to perform religious duties.
Some Persian wars included Marathon in 490 B.C, which was the Athenians against the Persians with Athens winning the war. Thermopylae was another war in 480 B.C, which was the Persians against the Spartans with the Persians winning the war. Also, Salamis in 480 B.C, with the Persians and Athenians with the Athenian's winning the war.
Causes included that some city-states feared Athens grab for power and prestige. Later on Athens used money from the Delian League to beautify their own city and to not use the money for worthy causes which made surrounding city-states very angry. Finally, if any other city-state tried to break away from Athens they would be punished severely.
Effects of the Peloponnesian War included that cities and crops were destroyed, thousands of greeks were left for dead, and loss of economic and military power.
Alexander was the son of the King of Greece before he ruled. He was a very compassionate person and loved to give to others out of generosity. Alexander was full of will and charisma, as well as being brave and influential to his people. He became friends with the enemies and believed that a leader should be one with his men and should never be feared by his own people.
Important events involving Alexander include, the battle of the Persian Gate, the battle at Issus, in 338 B.C he helped his father win the battle of Choeranea , in 332 B.C he wins the siege of Tyre, and finally in 331 B.C Alexander founds Alexandria.
Golden Age of Greece
Architecture of Ancient Greece
Architects designed temples, meeting places, and homes. They created beautiful buildings with columns, colonnades, and pediments. An example of this beautiful work is the Parthenon, a temple built for the goddess Athena.
The philosophy of Ancient Greece
In 600 B.C greeks began to think and explain the world using reason, study of truths,knowledge,and values. They thought about the world and how to explain everything, they asked questions that are very similar to the ones we ask today.
Greeks needed to know complicated math in order to do everyday work. A greek mathematician called Euclid organized geometry into books called Elements, they contained the proofs of geometry. Hypatia was the first greek female mathematician who taught Alexander the Great.
By: Peyton Laughman