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Transcript of Charles Spearman
Charles Spearmen’s quest to find the fundamental laws of psychology and his mathematical approach to studying cognition were clearly influenced by 17th century English physicist Isaac Newton. He references this scientist and others such as Francis Galton and Franz Boas (Spearmen,1904).
In his thesis “General Intelligence,” Objectively Determined and Measured he explicitly or implicitly shows concern for the structural adequacy of psychology pointing towards his very mathematical mind (Spearmen,1904).
G-Factor: ability to reason and solve problems.
Ex: I-Q Test
A theory for our cognitive abilities such as math, language comprehension, general knowledge.
People who do well in one area, can also do well in others.
S-Factor: related to whatever unique abilities a particular test required so it differed from test to test (Pearson).
People are better in certain areas than others.
Strength and Weakness
Intelligence tests measure a wide variety of human behavior better than any other that have been developed. The test can provide an outline of the person's strengths and weaknesses.
A psychologist named Howard Gardner disagree on Spearman's theory of intelligence. Gardner created a theory of multiple intelligence, which states the potential for finding or creating solutions for problems, which involves gathering new knowledge (Pbs.org). Our cognitive strength and weakness is based on our time and effort to invest into a particuar skill.
He soon published his incredibly influential thesis “General Intelligence,” Objectively Determined and Measured in 1904, 2 years before obtained his degree. He then met psychologist William McDougall at the University College, London (“Charles Spearmen,” 2013). McDougall was so impressed with the raising psychologist that he let him replace him as professor of psychology. Spearmen held this position for almost 30 years until his retirement in 1931 (“Charles Spearmen”,2013).
A famous British psychologist and educator, Charles Spearman, was born in London 150 years ago this month. Strangely before his success in experimental psychology he was an accomplished officer in the British Army (“Charles Spearman,” 2013). He resigned after 15 years of service to pursue studies in experimental psychology in Leipzig under Wilhelm Wundlt, the founder of experimental psychology.