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Parkour

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by

Sara Castaño

on 22 July 2013

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Transcript of Parkour

PARKOUR
History
In Western Europe, a forerunner of Parkour was French naval officer Georges Hébert, who before World War I promoted athletic skill based on the models of indigenous tribes he had met in Africa. He noted, "their bodies were splendid, flexible, nimble, skillful, enduring, and resistant but yet they had no other tutor in gymnastics but their lives in nature." His rescue efforts during the 1902 eruption of Mount Pelée on Saint-Pierre, Martinique, reinforced his belief that athletic skill must be combined with courage and altruism. Hébert became a physical education tutor at the college of Reims in France. Hébert set up a "méthodenaturelle" (natural method) session consisting of ten fundamental groups: walking, running, jumping, quadrupedal movement, climbing, balancing, throwing, lifting, self-defense, swimming, which are part of three main forces: During World War I and World War II, Hébert's teaching continued to expand, becoming the standard system of French military education and training. Thus, Hébert was one of the proponents of "parcours", an obstacle course, which is now standard in military training and which led to the development of civilian fitness trails and confidence courses.
Foundation
Developed by Raymond Belle, David Belle, Sébastien Foucan and others in the late 1980s, Parkour became popular in the late 1990s and 2000s through films, documentaries and advertisements featuring these practitioners and others.
Belle began to practice the parkour when he was twelve years, he was inspirate for your father and the movies about martial arts.
Rules
The rules consist in that sportsman draw a route, normally urban, in straight line and overcoming all obstacles which these stand in the road. Also the sportsman must have a good physical condition that is very important for develop this discipline sports.
Equipment
There is no equipment required, although practitioners normally train wearing light casual clothing
Light upper body garment such as T-shirt, sleeveless shirt or crop top if anything is worn on the upper body;
Light lower body garment such as sweatpants, some wear tracksuit bottoms or shorts.
Comfortable running shoes, ones that are generally light, with good grip and flexibility are encouraged.

Parkour is an activity in which the goal is to move from one place to another as quickly and efficiently as possible, using the abilities of the human body. Parkour helps to overcome barriers, and is practiced in rural and urban areas.
The slogan of the parkour is “Never stop” phrase which is applied by the sport and the traceurs. A practitioner of Parkour is often called a traceur, with the optional feminine form being traceuse.
What is Parkour?
Place where is practiced
The strength, flexibility, endurance and balance are the characteristics of parkour, an activity in which the main objective is to displace and avoid obstacles easily, speed and security, using the basic techniques to jump, roll, climb, but at the same time avoid injury. For this reason Parkour can be practiced anywhere, especially in a place where there are obstacles.
Countries
Parkour born in France and was able to expand worldwide.
Two Recoginzed Players
David Belle
He is a French athlete and recently actor. Some also say it is the most agile man in the world, also is the founder of Parkour. Belle founded Parkour based on his training and the teachings from his father Raymond Belle. The discipline has since spread around the world and now has adherents in every country. Belle came to fame via his videos which spread on the internet and also via his film work.
Sebastien Foucan
He is a French actor and traceur, also is the founder of Freerunning and he is considered to be one of the early developers of Parkour. Well known for his views on the philosophy behind Parkour and Freerunning, he also stresses the need for proper training in the basics of both, not only for safety, but also for maintaining a positive public perception of the activities.
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