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AP Gov TV and Politics
Transcript of AP Gov TV and Politics
1954-1975: Vietnam was the first televised war in our history. For the first time the horrors of war were displayed to the public. People could actually see the damage and destruction caused by war from their homes.
1831-electromagnetism: allowed images and sounds to be transmitted
1851-Truman speaks at a conference about a WWII treaty on live T.V. in front of 87 nations
Impact of TV on Government & Politics
Ernst Lubitsch was the best at coaxing more than one meaning from a witty piece of dialog. His films were Trouble in Paradise (1932), Design for Living (1933). And his screwball comedies Bringing Up Baby (1938s), Monkey Business (1952) seemed to be able to balance contradictions of character and the visual dimensions of his scenes in such a way that there is a comic build in his films that is quite unlike anyone elses. The comedy begins as absurdity and rises to hysteria.
Victor Victoria - A Contemporary Comedy of Role Reversal
The humor is both verbal and visual and generates from the confusion of sexuality, mistaken identity, and sexual attitudes.
The twists and turns of the sequence provide context for the humor.
-Broadcast media-communication instruments(radio or t.v.) for public use.
-Narrow casting- aiming news for a specific audience
-Press conference- A broadcast media event for journalists to ask questions.
-FCC regulating TV in 1950s
-stopped programs that were too obscene and indecent.
-Decrease in political parties because of TV political advertisements.
Television and the Roles of Media
Throughout the years, television has transcended its role as just source of entertainment.
Over the years, the volume of news stories have increased, whereas the time of these news stories have decreases as well as the length of soundbites
As we discuss the effect of television, it is important to asses the validity and reliability of it
JFK and the 1960's
First ad created by William Benton
60 mins and it's mistake:
Television plays a pivotal role in highlighting and reporting issues to the public. At many times, media issues have become the common public's issue.
Snowden and NSA Leaks:
One of the biggest roles of television is to act as a scorekeeper by predicting political trends but also by doggedly following national races.
-Telecommunications act of 1996:Intended to allow more competition by removing entry barriers
- Title 3 ("Cable Services"), which allowed for media cross-ownership
-Media cross-ownership is one corporation or person owning multiple stations
-Office of Comm. of United Church of Christ v. FCC, 1969
-Gave control to the FCC for material on programs on TV
-Equal Time Rule (Section 315)(1934)
-The station(radio or TV) cannot censor the political ad but it has to give equal time for opposing candidates. It can deny allowing an ad in their program only if no other opposing candidate has requested for time.
-Farmers Educational Cooperative Union v. WDAY, 1959
- The court affirmed that no station radio or TV can censor a political interview, advertisement...etc
-CBS v. Democratic National Committee, 1973
-CBS v. FCC, 1981
Conclusion (Questions, debriefing)
How do you think television controls how we view politics and the world?
Video (if time permits) on how News affects global perceptions:
The History of Television
Your Turn to Discuss and Decide
1. Political parodies are becoming more and more popular -especially with among younger adults
How do you think these late night shows affect politics?
2. Do you think television still plays a strong role in government and politics?
How do you think it compares with other mass medias? Will it continue to play a strong role as we grow older?
1974: Richard Nixon resigns on television after the Watergate scandal. Since he resigned on live T.V., the Watergate scandal and his resignation were made much more public because of his speech on T.V.
-Negative impact on society:
*Reality TV: portrays society in negative light (
Teen Mom, Jersey Shore
*Entertainment shows: Glorifies drugs, sex, violence, alcohol, etc.
Television On Society
Television: Becomes a regular part of everyday life
Commercials, Entertainment, Education/Politics
*Targets: Teenagers/Young Adults
*As technology advances, so do advertisers' methods of convincing viewers--> adhering to current social status
Watergate Scandal: NBC, CBS, and ABC--devoted an average of
per day covering the Watergate hearings for their first five days. 319 Hours in total covered.
As a watchdog, televisions have reported the activities of political leaders as well as governmental organizations.
One group feeling the immediate impact is journalists and their sources. The Snowden revelations have sent a chill through those reporters covering national security issues. If the NSA can easily gather details about who a reporter phoned or emailed, that sends a signal to whistleblowers that their anonymity can no longer be protected. -
-History channel, PBS kids...encourage diversity, teach about history and other countries, etc.
-Jon Stewart/Steven Colbert: Encourages viewers to challenge hypocrisy
-Takes away time from vital developmental milestones
1969: Apollo 11 Moon Landings- First television coverage in space and 530 million people all at once were able to watch Armstrong and the launch of Apollo ll for the first time in space.
1989: Fall of Berlin Wall in Germany which was a symbol of tyranny and it was captured on television cameras for the world to see; A huge moment in political history as well
-1979-C-span started to cover live feed from congress and it became popular after the debate over the Nixon Watergate scandal
-CNN in 1980
Do you think these shows are beneficial to politics even though they are primarily for entertainment or do you think these parodies have taken political ridicule to a whole new level?
Think of the advantages or disadvantages TV has over other forms of mass media.