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Chapter 3: The Colonies Come of Age
Transcript of Chapter 3: The Colonies Come of Age
1. Examine the economic development of the colonies
2. Describe the Northern & Southern colonies and explain how they differed
3. Consider how the French and Indian War affected the colonies
"The time may come... when the colonies may become populous and with the increase of arts and science strong and politic, forgetting their relation to the mother countries, will then confederate and consider nothing further than the means to support their ambition of standing on their own legs"
History of Music!
Evolution of African American Music
Salem Witch Trails
Section 3.2 The Agricultural South
More isolated plantations than "towns"
Economy relied on agriculture; thus needed lots of slaves
Atlantic Slave Trade
Slaves originally transported to the Americas when the Natives had died out & number of indentured servants decreased
Africans were better able to work longer hours in hotter climates
Dark skin was considered a sign of inferiority by the European settlers
Section 3.3 The Commercial North
Economy relied on trade & manufacturing
More urban, town life
Slavery did exist thought not as common as it did in the South
More diverse society
Women in Northern society
Salem witch trials
#TB: The Enlightenment
European scientists & philosophers had turned to reason rather than religion to try and explain the world
John Locke: "Man has natural rights. Those are life, liberty & property"
These ideas traveled from Europe & spread throughout the colonies
Section 3.1 England and its Colonies
The purpose of the colonies was to enrich Britain
The colonies were a source of raw material, and a market for British goods
All the colonies were directly ruled by the British monrach
Colonists did not like the strict laws and taxes that England was enforcing
The king himself appointed governors
Each colony had its own governors, councils, assembly, judges and elections!
The seeds of self-government
-Nehemian Grew "Colonial Period of America" (1707)
"Why should the Germans be suffered to swarm into out Settlements and, by herding together establish their language and manners to the exclusion of ours?
Why should Pennsylvania, founded by the English, become a colony of alitens, who will shortly be so numerous as to Germanize us instead of our Anglifying them?"
-Benjamin Franklin, "Observations Concerning the Increase of Mankind, Peopling of Countries" (1751)
Section 3.4 The French and Indian War
Evolution of non-African American Music
Ideas of the Enlightenment
Britain and its colonies had opposing views on authority and individual freedom
French and British rivalry on North America
1) French colonists had only grown to about 70,000 compared to more than 1,000,000 in British colonies
2) Involved in the fur trade
3) The French established friendlier relations with the Native Americans than the British did
A Few Things You Need to Know About New France:
Often called the Seven Year War
Erupted over competition over Ohio River Valley
Fourth war between French & British over control of North America
Spain + Native Americans allied with France
Ended with Treaty of Paris in 1763
The French and Indian War (1754-1763)
1) Britain gained more territory
2) Natives suffered loss: the British were harder to deal with than the French
3) Britain faced enormous debt
"When I go to see the English commander and say to him that some of our comrades are dead,
Instead of bewailing their death, as our French brothers do, he laughs at me and at you.
If I ask for anything for our sick, he refuses with the reply that he has no use for us.
From all of this you can well see that they are seeking our ruin.
Therefore, my brothers, we must all swear their destruction and wait no longer"
-Chief Pontiac of the Ottawa tribe, 1763
Create two timelines
One for Chapter 2
Another for Chapter 3
Yes, you can work in pairs. But I need individually submitted assignments
Think of this as a review for your Test next week