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Mycology and Permaculture
Transcript of Mycology and Permaculture
extensive literature review
photography Participant observation occurred at Ja Schindler’s workshop located at Econ Farm in Orlando, Florida and at Faith House Community Garden in St. Petersburg, Florida.
The ethnographic portion of this research explores techniques of mushroom inoculation in the home or communal garden setting. . The objective of this research study is to explore the symbiotic relationship fungi have in the permaculture setting and introduce innovative modes of cultivation. Ethnobotany- People, Plants, and Culture Stopharia rugosoannulata
Common names- King Stropharia or Wine Cap. Method of Cultivation: Compost pile should be made with balance of browns and greens including soil, hardwood leaves, water hyacinth, and other organic wastes in a shady area. About 6-inches below subsurface make 2-3 cubic inched piles of mushroom spawn on a substance such as mud, leaf mold, or coconut quire. The piles should then be re-covered with compost, lightly watered, and then covered with straw. Growing King Stropharia have many beneficial applications in permaculture:
In the Chicken run area- will improve smell, combats, mud, manure, bacteria and benefit as a food source for humans while also attracts earth worms for the chicken to eat. (Plan for cultivation at Faith House)
Also attracts bees seeking the underlying sweet mushroom mycelium.
Fly larvae proliferate inside fully developed mushroom making it a great base medium for generating fish food. Lentinula edodes
Common name- Shiitake Method of Cultivation: For wood cultivation use fresh uninfected wood that is from a known source. Cut the wood into logs which should be 4-6 inches old. Let it settle for 2-3 weeks and then submerge into a natural water source such as a river for 24-48 hours and then rehydrate every four months. Should weigh the log throughout process as a way of telling how much water is in it. Then use a drill to make holes every 4-5 inches around, in a diamond pattern. Road Spawn are then hammered into the wood and should be covered with either mud or leftover sawdust. Inoculated logs can then be stacked for vegetation, in Florida it is a good idea to stack on bumper logs as the base of the stack so that termites will not reach the inoculated log. Method of Cultivation: Card board sprouting is a great way to cultivate because card board is made of hardwood. The card board box should be about the size of a microwave. The box should be filled with layers of mycelia and pasteurized straw. In the bottom of the box fill with a layer of straw that is about 3-4 inches thick and then add a thick layer of home spawn, this should be repeated until the box is full, finish with straw. The box should then be thoroughly watered and buried in the ground in a shady area about one inch below a soil surface. In about 1 months the mycelia will begin produce large fruits. Hypsizygus ulmarius Common name- White elm To pasteurize straw:
Must boil straw at 170 F for one hour in large pot of water Conclusions Exploitations of fungal resources promote an optimistic future of fungi, as more people return to nature for provisions toward a naturally sustainable existence. Through this research, I hope to encourage farmers to form a more symbiotic relationship with fungi and show how mushroom cultivation fits into a sustainable permaculture design.