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Affirmative Action 39C
Transcript of Affirmative Action 39C
Affirmative Action as a Disguise for Racial Inequality
Civil Rigths Movement
University of California Regents v Bakke
Hopwood v. University of Texas
Bill 588, "Uniform Admission Policy"
Grutter v. Bollinger
Fisher v. University of Texas
Kennedy's Executive Order 10925 (the intro of the action)
Nixon's Philadelphia Order (reintroduction of the action)
Nixon's Action of
i.e. - Top Ten
Beginning of Civil Rights Movement
- allows to focus on the general issue at hand
- fixes rather than masks the problem
- helps direct the funds and power towards fixing the issue
- focuses on portraying the desirable outcome
- ignores the underlying issue that causes that outcome
- ultimately does not fix any particular issue
- simply appeases the public's indignation
Uniform Admission Policy
Affirmative Action = reverse discrimination?
Fisher v. University of Texas
but is her case about inequality?
1998 - today
top 10% of high school students are automatically admitted to the Texas university of their choice
no other characteristics are considered
for the other 90% of the graduating class, the admission process is race consious
or Top Ten
Success of Affirmative Action and Top Ten
restored diversity at the public flagships
how can diversity be bad?
address only the physical appearance of the students
entirely replace the factor of personal experience with the label of race ->
altogether fail to affect the issue of racial inequality
Top Ten's success depends on racial and ethnic segregation
Affirmative Action Policies:
well, if diversity policies are so
then how can we fix the racial inequality?
"the carefully engineered appearance of great racial progress"
meant to establish diversity
does not establish what it represents:
among classes and races
because it focuses on
the roots of inequality
minorities come from highly segregated, poor neighborhoods
poor people suffer from the lack of proper educaiton
high-poverty schools have more under qualified teachers
suceeded at raising minority rates on campuses
need to find the root of inequality
- raise awareness about the low educational level of imoverished neighborhoods in Texas
- eliminate race as a factor from the admissions
- bring public attention and direct the officials' power to
of racial discrepancy:
low quality of the K-12 education in the segregated, poverty stricken neighborhoods
misrepresentation of minorities on campus
desperate need for reforms
of the educational system
not the cause
of racial inequality