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The Great Gatsby Ch.9
Transcript of The Great Gatsby Ch.9
"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us. It eluded us then, but that's no matter-Tomorrow we will run faster, Stretch out our arms farther... And then one fine morning- So we can beat on, boats against the current, borne back ceaselessly into the past." (189)
-The Green light represents his future with daisy
-Although Gatsby did not achieve this future with Daisy life still goes on
-Gatsby was trapped in the past and would not move on and kept on trying harder and harder to achieve his goal
-Nick, as well as others attempt to relive their past also
-Can be seen from Nick telling Gatsby's story two years in the future Important Quotes "Jimmy always liked it better back east. He rose up to his position in the east."(176)
-James is Gatsby's original name; Henry shows love by calling him "Jimmy"
-Henry is referring to more than simply geographically but rather referring to the lifestyle led in the east
-Gatsby did not only "like it better in the east" but preferred the lifestyle of the east, and spent his life trying to attain it
-This contrast between the East and West is symbolized by the East and West Egg; the East Egg home to the old money and West Egg home to the new money
- From Gatsby's residence in the West Egg Fitzgerald shows he could never fully attain his desire to be "from the east"; although he is wealthy he lacks the mannerism and social skills of the upper class. Important Quotes "When a man gets killed I never like to get mixed up in it in a different way--if a friend of mine died, no matter how, I stuck with them to the end. You may think that's sentimental but I mean it-to the bitter end" (180)
-Said by Wolfshiem when Nick is attempting to coax him into attending Gatsby's funeral.
-He does not end up attending, rather he tells Nick he "can't get mixed up in that" because he believes funerals don't really matter
-Wolfshiem does care about Gatsby, he simply sees it more important to be there for a person when they are alive then when they are dead Important Quotes
-In this chapter Jay Gatsby's true colors are revealed to show his capacity to care as well as the truth behind his mysterious origins.
-We perceive Gatsby as a man consumed by his love for Daisy, with wealth, manners, and strong morals.
- With his original image being clouded by rumors and judgement based off of false pretenses, the history of the once James Gatz and when the desire he possesses to better himself, is revealed by Gatsby's father, Henry C. Gatz.
"Of course we was broke up when he run off from home but I see now there was a reason for it. He knew he had a big future in front of him. And ever since he made a success he was very generous with me" (181).
This quote shows Gatsby's true origins concerning his home life. Gatsby might have lied about his family dying but, in truth he has remained in contact with his father the entire time and had even bought the house that his father lives in now. This also conveys the fact that Gatsby can care for more than just Daisy, but for others as well. Characterization- Jay Gatsby
-Gatsby is considered to be new money. He is a self-made man and a romantic idealist.
-He nearly dedicates his life to Daisy Buchanan. He moves just so he can be near her and throughout the novel, he displays his wealth in hope that she will come back to him.
-In chapter nine, however, we learn more about his past as we are presented by things of his past in the chapter
-such as his schedule "Rise from bed.../Dumbbell exercise and wall-scaling.../Study electricity, etc.../Work.../Baseball and sports.../Practice elocution, poise and how to attain it.../Study needed inventions..." (181). --Not only does this give us a glimpse at Gatsby's old life but reveals Gatsby's desire to attain poise and refinement. Characterization-Gatsby
-F.Scott Fitzgerald published this novel in 1925 a post WW1 era
- People felt very optimistic and can leave the past behind. It was a time where many could rise up to the upper wealth classes due to the economic boom and because of prohibition which created a new market for the illegal transport and sales of alcohol.
-This is seen through Gatsby as he aspired to become part of the upper class and achieved it through the illegal bootlegging of alcohol. Through this achievement of great wealth he felt as if money could buy everything including Daisy's love which fails and ultimately, leads to his death. Historical Context Jordan Baker
-Jordan is one of the few people Nick decides to see before he leaves in order to tie up all loose ends he had with her.
- Jordan was described by Nick earlier as careless, not to mention we are aware that she is a liar and a cheater. However, Jordan's insensitivity is emphasized when she tells Nick, "Nevertheless you did throw me over...I don't give a damn about you now but it was a new experience for me and I felt a little dizzy for a while" (186).
-This shows that Jordan never truly cared for her relationship with Nick despite how she had acted towards him when they were together.
- Jordan's deceitful personality is shown when this occurs as well as her tendency to always be the best.
- This is why she lies and cheats because if she was caught in a negative light then the famous Jordan Baker would not be the same prized golf player she always was. Characterization-Jordan Baker - Nick has gained insight of the wealthy class
- When none of Gatsby's associates he learns the true nature of the upper class, selfish and careless.
- Having lost a friend who was a self-made man to wealthy people who made dumb choices, changes his perspective on living in the East.
-He moves back to the West, and when returning home, Nick holds the same moral values like his father, like he mentioned in the beginning of the book. Nick has what the rest of the characters lack: personal integrity.
-What isolates him from the rich, is that he has a sense of right and wrong, moved by Gatsby's death and supporting him in the end.
-This chapter shows how Nick has grown from a man who had dreams of making a fortune and living like the wealthy, to a man who knows better that wealth causes destruction and misery. Characterization-Nick Carraway We know Owl Eyes as the drunk man in Gatsby's library during one his parties. Even though he seems as such an unimportant character to us at the time, he happens to be one of the few who attended Gatsby's funeral.
"Why, my God! they used to go there by the hundreds....The poor son-of-a-bitch" (183).
-This is said at the funeral when Owl Eyes confronts Nick about not being able to get into Gatsby's house.
-This shows that Owl Eyes isn't just a drunk man in Gatsby's library but that he cared enough to attend Gatsby's funeral .
- His comment about people attending Gatsby's house by the hundreds also shows that people only knew or cared about Gatsby if it involved getting drunk and having a good time at one of his parties. Characterization- Owl Eyes "I don't know how he knew about the funeral or even his name. The rain poured down his thick glasses and he took them off and wiped them to see the protecting canvas unrolled from Gatsby's grave." (p. 183)
-Owl Eyes went out of his way to find Gatsby's funeral. This shows respect and sympathy for Gatsby
-Wiping his classes symbolizes Owl Eyes change in perspective for Gatsby
-Characters in the book are rather static, but Owl Eyes's change offers a resolution in showing that one character changed for the better. Owl Eyes Klipspringer plays a shallow character in this novel. In the beginning of the novel we learn that he takes residence in some of the extra and unneeded rooms in Gatsby's house. Since he nearly lived with Gatsby, Nick assumes that he would attend his funeral.
"I was relieved too for that seemed to promise another friend at Gatsby's grave." (177)
Even Nick describes him as friend of Gatsby. After he tells Klipspringer what time the funeral is, Klipspringer says he's unable to attend and his excuse is that he has a picnic to go to in Connecticut. Then Klipspringer adds:
"'What I called up about was a pair of shoes I left there. I wonder if it'd be too much trouble to have the butler send them on. You see they're tennis shoes and I'm sort of helpless without them. My address is care of B.F-" (177)
He doesn't finish because Nick hangs up. This quote reveals how Klipspringer shows no sympathy of Gatsby's death and took advantage of Gatsby's wealth and his generosity. Characterization-Ewing Klipspringer East vs. West-
- The novel takes place on the East Coast, in an area of wealth. Most of the characters (ie. Daisy, Nick, Gatsby) come from the West,
-The West symbolizes a different lifestyle where people work for their money.
- We see this in Nick, who is in a small business, -The idea of the East and West of the country is symbolized by the East and West Egg; the east being the "old money" and the West being "new money".
-This symbol can be connected to history because the East has been part of the country longer than the West, making it the "old" part. Symbolism Weather-
-In chapter nine, the weather is not mentioned until the funeral, during which it is raining.
-It can be concluded that Fitzgerald is attempting to convey a solemn tone, as rain is often associated with grief.
The Pearl Necklace-
-After Nick encounters Tom he sees Tom enter a jewelry store where he figures Tom is entering "to buy a pearl necklace- or perhaps only a pair of cuff buttons" (188).
-The pearl necklace brought up in this chapter connects to Daisy's story of her marriage; she nearly didn't marry Tom due to cold feet until he presented her with a pearl necklace worth 350,000 dollars.
- Now that Daisy and Tom's relationship has been tested again (by Gatsby) he is again winning her resolve with material items.
- This symbolizes that although Tom is not a perfect husband, Daisy will remain happy in her marriage because she is materialistic and shallow. Symbolism The Color Green-
- Fitzgerald uses the color green to convey new or fresh feelings. "-a green, fresh breast of the new world" (189).
-This can be seen most clearly through the symbol of the green light.
"Gatsby believed in the green light, the orgastic future that year by year recedes before us" (189).
-Fitzgerald says it recedes because as time goes on our dream elude us, however Gatsby believed the green light was a sign that his dream was still possible.
- In accordance with its representation of Gatsby's ambition green represents the money. Gatsby aspired his entire life to achieve great wealth and believed it could buy him everything including the love of his dreams Daisy. Symbolism -What happens to Gatsby's wealth?
-Why did Nick become involved with Jordan, and why did he break off the relationship?
-Why is Nick "on Gatsby's side" at the end of the novel? Questions to Ponder The End -WW1 Victory Parade Characterization- Daisy and Tom
- Daisy and Tom are both portrayed as careless people who run away from their problems because they can't face the consequences.
-Gatsby takes the blame and suffers for her crime, she chooses to move away with Tom, leaving no trace behind.
-Tom is also to blame because he told Wilson it was Gatsby's car and felt that Gatsby deserved to die.
- Their selfish actions in this chapter show how they are careless people, and their wealth enables them to run away from their problems and get away from their punishment.