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Transcript of World Facts
By Mailyn Pelfrene, Shaan Avril & Lena Hothi
Did you know that approximately 50% of the world's corn harvest are produced in North America? There are 24 individual countries or nations within North America.
Famous places to visit in North America; Grand Canyon, Niagara Falls, Chichen Itza, Teotihuacan, Rocky Mountains, Mount Rushmore, the Statue of Liberty and Yellowstone National Park.What is the size of North America? The land area of North America is 24,709,000 km2 or 9,540,000 square miles.
The African continent has the second largest population in the world, at about one billion people.
Well over one thousand languages are spoken by the people of Africa. Some estimates put this number closer to two thousand.
The largest religion in Africa is Islam, followed by Christianity.
The African population is approximately 14.72% of the world's population (as of 2009).
The oldest human remains ever discovered were found in Ethiopia. They are approximately 200,000 years old.
India is officially known as the Republic of India.
India is the seventh largest country by total area.
India belongs to the continent of Asia, it is bordered by the countries of Bangladesh, Bhutan, Burma, China, Nepal, and Pakistan.
The highest mountain in India is Kanchenjunga, standing at 8,598m, which it shares with Nepal. Kanchenjunga is the third highest mountain in the world.
Many different languages are spoken in India. The main ones are Hindi, Bengali, Telugu, Marathi, Tamil, and Urdu.
The capital city is New Delhi, while the most populated city is Mumbai. Other major cities include Kolkata, Chennai and Bangalore.
The most popular sport in India is cricket, with the Indian team being the first to win the Cricket World Cup on home soil when they were victorious in 2011.
Because of India's location, it experiences periods of heavy rain called Monsoon.
The land area of South America is 17,840,000 km2 or 6,890,000 square miles.
South America contains more than 40% of the world’s plant and animal species.
Surprising facts! South America contains more than 40% of the world’s plant and animal species.
The main languages spoken in South America is Portuguese closely followed by Spanish. Other languages spoken in South American territories include Dutch, English and French.
Africa is the most interesting and diverse continent on the earth. It is the home of an incredible variety of people, animals, climates, and spectacular places. It is a country known for its beautiful colorful clothing and its history of incredible works of art.
Africa is where human beings first appeared on earth and the home of the world's first great civilization, Egypt which dates back to 3300 BC.
The official name for Russia is the Russian Federation.
Russia shares borders with many countries, including China, Ukraine, North Korea and Norway.
In terms of land area, Russia is the largest country in the world.
Russia is located across 9 time zones.
At the beginning of 2013, Russia was estimated to have a population of around 143 million.
Russian is the official language of Russia but there are many other languages used in various parts of the country.
The capital and largest city in Russia is Moscow. Other major cities in Russia include Saint Petersburg, Yekaterinburg and Novosibirsk.
Russians drive on the right-hand side of the road.
The currency used in Russia is the ruble.
Russia has a wide range of natural resources and is one of the world’s largest producers of oil.
The official residence of the Russian president is the Kremlin in Moscow. The name Kremlin means fortress.
Russia has over 40 national parks and 100 wildlife reserves.
Lake Baikal is the largest freshwater lake in the world. It reaches 1642 meters in depth and contains around 20% of the world’s unfrozen fresh water.
Mount Elbrus is the highest mountain in Russia (and Europe), it reaches a height of 5642 metres.
As of 2012, Australia has an estimated population of over 22 million people.
Australia is the world's 6th largest country by area.
Due to its large size and isolation from the rest of the world, Australia is sometimes known as the ‘island continent’.
The largest cities in Australia are Sydney, Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.
A desert area known as the ‘outback’ covers much of the land.
The name ‘Australia’ comes from the Latin word ‘australis’, meaning southern.
It is estimated the humans have lived in Australia for around 45000 years.
The highest mountain on mainland Australia is Mt Kosciuszko, standing 2228m (7310ft) above sea level.
The world's largest reef system, the Great Barrier Reef, is found off the north-eastern coast of Australia.
Australia has a range of different landscapes, including urban areas, mountain ranges, deserts and rain forests.
Fiji is officially called the Republic of Fiji.
Fiji gained independence from the British Empire in 1970 after 96 years as a British colony.
Native Fijians of Melanesian and Polynesian ancestry make up 54% of the population. Under British rule, Indian servants were brought to Fiji to work in the sugarcane fields. Descendants of these Indian labourers are called Indo-Fijians and currently make up around 40% of the population.
The main official language of Fiji is Fijian. There are two other official languages English and Fijian Hindi or Hindustani (a mix of Hindi and Urdu).
The capital and largest city in Fiji is Suva, on the island of Viti Levu.
Other important towns include Nadi and Lautoka.