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The Duke's Children and The Rocking Horse Winner
Transcript of The Duke's Children and The Rocking Horse Winner
Considered one of the greatest short story writers of the twentieth century.
Declared himself a follower of the great Russian writer Anton Chekhov.
A famous quote by O'Connor is that the modern short story "is the nearest thing one can get to the quality of a pure lyric poem."
Michael Francis O’Connor O’Donovan was an Irish author who predominantly wrote short stories and memoirs.
O’Connor was born in Cork, Ireland
He was raised in a very dysfunctional family. His father drank, had loads of debt and mistreated his mother.
His Mother was the primary caregiver of the house because his father had difficulty keeping a steady job.
He attended the prestigious and famous North Monastery CBS.
O’Connor enrolled in the First Brigade of the Irish Republican Army and served during the Irish war of independence.
Spent a year in jail for his political support of the Irish Republican Cause.
Collaborated on a number of plays with William Butler Yeats.
Taught at North-western University and Harvard.
Preferred to write about Ireland and the Irish people because "I know to a syllable how everything in Ireland can be said."
Atmosphere - Embarrassment about his upbringing and lack of education
Structure - First Person, Narrative
Syntax - Simple, Use of Dialogue
Style - Relaxed, Lots of Dialogue, Literal
Settings & impact - Dublin, Ireland, Early Twentieth Century. Setting reveals the lifestyle of lower class Irish Families
Theme(s) Suffering, The Boy suffer through the humiliation of his upbringing
Diction- simple, strong use of dialogue, colloquial
Colloquialism "Oh begor, there;s nothing quiet about that niece"
Allusion " I could never see precisely what was supposed to be exaggerated in the plots of novelists like Dickens."
Characterization - Father was a creature of habit. No sooner was he out of his working clothes than he was peppering for his evening paper" "The Duke's Children" is about a young adolescent boy who lives in Ireland. He is ashamed of his parents and wishes that he was the child of a duke, so that he may have a superior upbringing.Most likely O'Connor was strongly influenced by his childhood while writing "The Duke's Children" because his father was a failure as a parent and a husband. The boy wants to impress a girl called Nancy, by saying he can speak french and german. The boy is extremely ashamed of his humble upbringing so he never invites Nancy over. He then meets a different girl named May who is much different from Nancy and is very abrupt and not ashamed of who she is at all and the boy (the narrator) realizes at the end of the story that Nancy was also "one of the duke's children" and that Nancy was just as ashamed of her upbringing as he was; which is why she would never invite him over. of our presentation THE END Frank O'Connor D. H Lawrence TPCASTING "boots cut into something that resembled sandals and that he insisted on calling his "slippers". "
p. 875 - Larry Delaney Title significance - Ironic misleading title, “duke” suggests rich upbringing Topic- Delusions of Grandeur Tone - ashamed, of his family, his upbringing and lack of education POV-First Person Narrative Purpose- Remembrance of his childhood Persona- Young Boy growing up in Ireland Character(s) - Narrator-Round Character, Father-Flat Character, Mother, May, Nancy, Rita Audience -Adults-look back on childhood, Teenagers- able to relate to being embarrassed about parents Materialism "Oh only French and German at the moment- I mean, enough to get around with," pg. 878-879 - Larry Delaney "It mattered nothing to them even if I spoke French and German like an angel, even if I were liable to be sent off to India in the next few months." pg. 880 - Larry Delaney "Why don't ye grab the sofa before Kitty gets it."
pg. 880 - Rita The Rocking-Horse Winner D.H. Lawrence Born in the industrial midlands of England (Sept. 11, 1885).
Father was a coal miner and his mother was a schoolteacher.
Began to receive recognition after publishing his first work, The White Peacock, in 1911.
Eloped with Frieda von Richthofen, the wife of Lawrence's former modern languages professor in Nottingham.
Lawrence spent most of his life seeking a Utopia, although he would never find what he was looking for as his deteriorating health made him harder to satisfy.
He was extremely skilled at writing in free verse.
Well known for "The Prussian Officer", Sons and Lovers, The Rainbow, and Women in love.
Lawrence passed away on march 2nd, 1930 from tuberculosis. Summary In the short story "The Rocking-Horse Winner", D.H. Lawrence portrays the detrimental effects of materialism. In the story, the family runs into financial problems due to their attempt to keep up appearances. Noticing the sadness this causes his mother, Paul decides to find a way to make money. He eventually comes to start betting on horse races through his gardener Basset; by riding his rocking-horse for long enough, he finds he can discover the name of the winning horse. He begins to amass quite a reasonable sum of money, and chooses to give his mother five thousand dollars. However, instead of using this to pay off their debt, she goes out and buys new furnishings. Paul then, with the goal of making more money, pushes himself to far to find the name of the Derby winner, leaving unconscious with a brain fever. He passed away shortly after, leaving his family with over eighty thousand dollars. Title - Ironic: rocking- horse winner, yet he loses his life
Topic - the desire to belong to a higher social class
Tone - Ironic, mysterious
POV - Omniscient
Purpose - the negative effects of materialism
Characters - Paul (protagonist), Hester (Paul's mother), Basset (family gardener and Paul's betting partner), Oscar Creswell (Paul's uncle)
Audience - Teens and Adults
Atmosphere - bleak, desperate
TPCASTD Structure - narrative
Syntax - simple, dialogue
Style - Fairy tale, serious
Setting - A home in london, 1920's
Theme - Materialism, greed, luck
Diction - informal, concrete
Devices - Anaphora: "Behind the shining modern rocking horse, behind the smart doll's house a voice could be heard whispering: 'There must be more money! There must be more money!'" (p.853).
Alliteration: "his eyes blazed at her for one strange and senseless second, as he ceased urging his wooden horse" (p.860).
Metaphor: "The child had never been to a race-meeting before, and his eyes were blue fire" (p.855).
Quotes "There was always the grinding sense of the shortage of money, though the style was always kept up" (p.852).
"If you're lucky then you have money. That's why it's better to be born lucky than rich" (p.853).
"He knew the horse could take him to where there was luck, if only he could force it" (p.853).
"There was a woman who was beautiful, who started with all the advantages, yet she had no luck" (p.852).
" 'I shouldn't like Mother to I was lucky' said the boy. 'why not, son?' 'she'd stop me' " (p.858). Synthesis In D.H. Lawrence's "The Rocking-Horse Winner" and Frank O'Connor's "The Duke's Children", both author's depict a theme of materialism and the desire to belong to a higher social class, despite reality. For example, in "The Rocking-Horse Winner", the family continues to keep up appearances despite the fact that they're accumulating debt, to the point where "the house came to be haunted by the unspoken phrase: There must be more money! There must be more money!" (p.852). Similarly, in "The Duke's Children" Larry Delaney creates an illusion to hide his own reality; when describing where he works, he "make[s] it clear that if there was any exploitation being done, it was [him] and not the railway company that was doing it" ( p.877). Material value is so important to them that in "The Rocking-Horse Winner", when Paul passes away, Oscar says to Paul's mother "My God, Hester, you're eighty-odd thousand to the good, and a poor devil of a son to the bad" (p.861). This illuminates their worth of money, as although the death of Paul is unfortunate, the gain of money is of equal importance.