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APA and MLA: Styles of Citation

Student Support Services, Trio program. APA and MLA citation workshop
by

Luan Bui

on 28 August 2013

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Transcript of APA and MLA: Styles of Citation

Notes
Ideas
Ideas
Ideas
APA & MLA : Styles of Citation
Introduction
Academic Integrity & Plagiarism
Documentation
Documentation requires two elements:
Work cited list or Reference list.
Citation in the text to items from that list
Works Cited / References List
A separate page listing sources used in the paper.
In-Text Citation
Place relevant outside information into the body of your essay with in-text citations! Proper citation will achieve the following:

Connects sources used in an essay to the works cited list/ reference list.
Support a writer's claims with facts and expert testimony.
Give credit to where credit is due.
Internet Resources
Montgomery college library has a web page dedicated to MLA and APA citation:
http://libguides.montgomerycollege.edu/citation_tools

Websites:
Perrla.com
owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/
Conclusion
APA and MLA
Academic integrity and plagiarism
Works cited page
In-text citation
Quotations
Paraphrase
Summary
Electronic resources
American Psychology Association

Common format for classes in social sciences and natural sciences.
Modern language Association

Common format used for classes in English and humanities.
Quotations
Para-Paraphrase
Summary
Sources
Books & E-books
Journal and Magazine Articles
Internet Sources
Other sources: Government Documents, Personal interviews, Films, Art Images
Components
All styles of in-text citation has two main components:

Attribution
Introduce an outside source. Separates the source's information from the writer's ideas

Reference
In parentheses at the end, tells readers how to find the source in the works cited list.
Academic Integrity
Plagiarism
Separates writer's ideas from someone else's.
Shows where a writer got the facts and information.
Allows readers to follow your sources.
Proper documentation helps avoid plagiarism.
It preserves intellectual honesty
and credits the right people!
Proper documentation avoids plagiarism
Accurate documentation also presents writers as reliable and honest professionals.
Plagiarism can hurt a student's career. It can result in a failing grade, suspension, or expulsion.
Presenting another's work as your own is dishonest!
Why Document sources?
Academic honesty!
Elements
Author(s)
Title of the work
Source of the work
Publisher or distributor
Relevant identifying numbers
editions, volume, issue...
Relevant dates
publication, access...
Organization
MLA and APA lists are alphabetized by authors' last name
No author?
Use article title, editor, or sponsoring organization
More than one book by the same author OR two authors with the same last name?
Check APA/MLA guidelines
MLA style
Spell out names in full
Invert only the first author's name
Separate elements with commas, colons, and angle brackets
Underline titles of books, periodicals, and so on.
APA style
Use initials for first names
Invert all author's names
Place the year of publication after the final author's name
Separate elements with a period
Italicize titles of books and periodicals
According to recent studies, "Rain is the condensation of atmospheric water vapors" (Nicole 9).
Attribution
Reference
Books
Dickens, Charles. Great Expectations. New York: Barnes & Noble,
1998. Print.
Periodicals
Dazio, Stefanie. "Ex-Lottery worker pleads guilty to stealing,
redeeming tickets." The Washington Post. 21 Aug. 2013: B3. Print
Book
Greenberg, J.S. (2011). Comprehensive stress
management (12th ed.). New York, NY:
McGraw-Hill.
Periodical
Dazio, S, (2013, August 21). Ex-Lottery worker pleads guilty to
stealing, redeeming tickets. The Washington Post, p. B3.
Quotations are words copied from an outside source
Enclose quotes in quotation marks
Use quotes if it provides credibility
Ideally, quote the least amount possible
Quote words that are especially impactful
Paraphrases are specific ideas or information restated with different words.
Capture certain ideas or details from a source, but in your own writing style.
Avoid overusing quotations
Interpret and explain the material while including it.
Briefly restate the main ideas of a source.
Incorporate important information that is too long to be treated at length
Use when relevant information is too long to be quoted
Omit specific details and examples.
Author
Title
Place of Publication
Date of Publication
Medium of publication
Publisher
Author
Date of Publication
Title
Author
Title of Article
Title of Publication
Medium of Publication
Day Month Year:
Pages
Place of publication
Publisher
MLA
APA
MLA
APA
The Washington Post article, Ex-Lotter worker Pleads Guilty to Stealing, Redeeming Tickets, is about a former Maryland lottery employee who confessed to stealing thousands of dollars by looting lottery tickets (Dazio, 2013, p.B3).
MLA
APA
According to writer Stefanie Dazio (2013), Mr. Hantske stole "$99,000 worth of scratch-off tickets and redeeming them for $67,000" (p.B3).
Author
Date of Publication
Title
Title of Publication
Pages
Title
Author
Date of Publication
Electronic Source
Zhou, K. (2003, October 2). Will Teens stop Downloading
Music? San Francisco Chronicle. Retrieved October 17, 2004, from http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2003/10/02/EDGQL22E6A1.DTL
Electronic Sources
Zhou, Kevin. "Will Teens Stop Downloading Music?" San
Francisco Chronicle. 2 Oct. 2003. 17 Oct. 2004<http://sfgate.com/cgi-bin/article.cgi?f=/c/a/2003/10/02/EDGQL22E6A1.DTL>.
Title of Journal
URL
Date of access
Author
Title
Title of Journal
Date of Publication
Date of access
URL
According to the Washington Post, an ex-lottery worker "pleaded guilty to two counts of felony theft over $10,000"
(Dazio B3).
The Washington Post wrote that ex-lottery worker, Mark Hantske, stole over seven thousand lottery tickets (Dazio, 2013, p.B3).
The Washington Post wrote that ex-lottery worker, Mark Hantske, made over sixty thousand dollars in stolen lottery tickets (Dazio p.B3).
The Washington Post article, Ex-Lotter worker Pleads Guilty to Stealing, Redeeming Tickets, is about Mark Barron Hantske, a former lottery employee who thought he could get away with using his insider access to steal lottery tickets. (Dazio p.B3).
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