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Rizal's Nationalism

Birth & Dev't of Nationalism Propaganda Movement A Trace of Rizal's Nationalistic Spirit Rizal's Nationalistic Ideas
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charisse cordero

on 22 January 2013

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Transcript of Rizal's Nationalism

photo credit Nasa / Goddard Space Flight Center / Reto Stöckli Rizal's Nationalism Birth and Development of Nationalism The Propaganda Movement A Trace of Rizal's Nationalistic Spirit Rizal's Nationalistic Ideas In "Love of Country Initial Revolts Evils of Spanish Colonial system Rizal's Nationalistic Spirit A home surrounded with fertile soil, fair weather, green meadows, fruit-trees. The beauty of the scenery enhanced Rizal's poetic and artistic ability. In this home, the values of love, affection and loyalty developed in Rizal's youthful spirit. Rizal's home The Story of the Moth During the twilight hours of summertime Rizal, accompanied by his pet dog, used to meditate at the shore of Laguna de Bay on the sad condition of his oppressed people. Lake shore Reveries 1. His love, affection, and loyalty showed expression in his love for his country. 2. The tragic fate of the young moth which "died a martyr to its illusions" left a deep impress on Rizal's mind. He justified such noble death, asserting that "to sacrifice one's life for it", meaning that an ideal is "worth while". And like that young moth, he was fated to die as a martyr for noble ideal. 3. Young that he was, he grieved deeply over the unhappy situation of his beloved fatherland. The Spanish misdeeds awakened in his boyish heart a great determination to fight tyranny. The Two Precursor Pedro Paterno Gregorio Sanciangco Factors of Unity Factors of Unity
The abolition of the tobacco monopoly in 1881 (the end of the Spanish monopoly in the tobacco industry);
Luna and Hidalgo’s victory in the art exposition in Madrid in 1884, (proof of Filipinos’ capacity for raising to greatness);
The attack against the Filipino as a race by Quioquiap (mental and physical incapacity of the Filipinos, stirring the Filipino’s sense of identity and pride);
The management of the Exposition Filipina in 1887 (misinterpretation of the Filipinos, causing the Spanish authorities to refuse reforms);
The desire to publish their own newspaper. The three priests, GumBurZa, were accused as the spearheads of the Cavite mutiny.

Spaniards struck on anybody without distinction whether priest, lawyer, engineer, doctor, ect.

Filipinos realized “that to save their lives and fortune, they had to seek one common objective; they had to unite, or there would be no end to their miseries. GomBurZa and the National Sentiment Demand Reforms Social and political freedom

Freedom of the press, of speech, of assembly

Equality before the law

Participation in governmental affairs

Promotion of education

Stoppage of the Guardia Civil abuses and of the deportation of citizens. The three priests, GumBurZa, were accused as the spearheads of the Cavite mutiny.

Spaniards struck on anybody without distinction whether priest, lawyer, engineer, doctor, ect.

Filipinos realized “that to save their lives and fortune, they had to seek one common objective; they had to unite, or there would be no end to their miseries. Internal Conflict of Propaganda High standards of morality

Dignity, and

Sacrifice Rizal's Liga Envisioned the league as an aid to those in need in the community.

League aimed at alleviating the social ills in society. Factors that caused initial revolts:
1. Evils of the spanish colonial system
*Pampango-Pangasinan Uprisings ( 1660-61)
*Sumuroy (1649-50)
*Diego Silang (1762-63)
*De la Cruz (1840-41)
2. Religion
*Panay
*Tayabas
*Mountain Province
3. Friar’s usurpation of lands
* Usurpation - A wrongful seizure or exercise of authority or privilege belonging to another Challenges in the 19th Century Revolutionary Changes in Europe
* Opening of suez canal
* Karl Marx’s The Communist Manifesto in 1848 Influence of the Changes on the Filipinos
- nationalism in Europe influenced the Filipinos specially Rizal and the other leaders and instilled in them a desire to make reforms Philippines opened to World Trade
-development in technology and agriculture fostered unity New Breed of Native Middle Class
-a new breed of people began to exist: intellectuals, lawyers, physicians, engineers and priests
-Filipinos learned nationalistic ideals through their udies here and abroad and through penetration of ideas to the Philippines through traders, travelers and scholars Reactions to the 19th Century Challenges
*Florante at Laura by Francisco Balagtas
* Clase media- worked to eradicate racial discrimination
* Fr Pedro Pelaez
* Fr Jose Burgos-accused friars as the cause of the backward condition of the country and of the fanatic attitude of the indio Failure of Spain to Initiate Reforms
*Governor Carlos Ma. de la Torre - initiated liberal reforms in the Philippines which encouraged the Filipinos to form organizations but the conservative group in Spain toppled down the liberal group and replaced him
* Active organizers:
-Gomez
-Burgos
-Zamora
-Jose Ma. Basa
-Antonio Regidor
-Pardo de Tavera
* Young nationalists:
-Paciano Rizal
-Mariano Alejandrino
-Gregorio Sanciangko
-Basilio Teodoro
* Governor Rafael de Izquierdo- replaced governor de la Torre
-supressed freedom of the press again and curtailed other human rights
-charged GomBurZa as the superheads of the Cavite mutiny and excuted them in 18 72 Jose Rizal’s article entitled “Love of Country,” highlights the author’s desire to create a sense of patriotism and nationalism among the Filipino people. This article was published in La Solidaridad on October 31, 1890. Rizal first expressed his nationalistic ideas on this article. In "Ingratitudes" The Spaniards accused Rizal as an ungrateful son of Spain due to his nationalism. The accusers said; "Do not let the people be deceived by vain promises of ingrate sons." Rizal responded the accusation in his article "Ingratitudes" published in La Solidaridad on January 15,1890. In "To Education Rizal also expressed his love of country in the poem "To Education". His concern for education showed his desire for the good of the fatherland. In Noli Me Tangere Rizal's nationalistic sentiments were greatly embodied in his novel Noli Me Tangere. He expressed himself through the characters he created. For example, Laruja made a remark that, after 7 years away from home ibarra must have forgotten the country. In El Filibusterismo El Filibusterismo was Rizal's 2nd novel. He expressed his nationalism in a different manner. In Noli, Rizal spoke out his nationalism in "softer emotions"; in El Fili, he spoke out in "angrier passions"
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