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BloomU Hist Ch 26; Reagan and Bush
Transcript of BloomU Hist Ch 26; Reagan and Bush
Mr. Poepperling Reagan, Bush, and the Conservative Revolution The Evolution of
Conservatism Conservatism in the 1950's and 1960's - Born in Illinois, educated at Eureka College
- In 1973 he became a Hollywood actor
- Notable films include Knute Rockne, All American, Kings Row, and Bedtime for Bonzo
- He converted from Democrat to Republican in 1962, and became governor of California in 1970
- Nominated for President in 1968 and 1970, and won the election in 1980, defeating Jimmy Carter
- Nicknamed the "Great Communicator" because of his ability to reach out to everyone from all different levels of society -Reagan's presidency took place when the nation was in a debate over the role of the federal government
- Conservatives believe in less governmental involvement in people's lives (Republicans)
- Liberals believe it is the government's responsibility to get involved in the lives of it's citizens (Democrats)
- The Great Depression and FDR's New Deal reshaped this debate in the 1920's with programs that increased government involvement in
the lives of American citizens - Dwight D. Eisenhower's presidency in 1952 began eight years of republican rule
- Eisenhower called his approach to government "modern Republicanism"
- meaning smaller government, lower taxes, and more state power
- Barry Goldwater, Republican candidate in the 1964 election, was a staunch conservative
- He lost the election to Democrat Lyndon Johnson, but managed to win a few southern states, revealing a belief that republicans in the south might choose a republican leader to better represent their views - After Goldwater lost the election in 1964, Conservatives were silenced, and the Democrats and Johnson ran the country
- Johnson pushed for his "Great Society" a program that was a continuation of the New Deal
- Many poor Americans benefited from this program economically, medically, and socially
- However, the Great Society cost billions of dollars and raised expectations beyond what the government could meet 1981-1989 - 8.3.12.A: Evaluate the role groups and individuals from the U.S. played in the social, political, cultural, and economic development of the world
- 8.3.12.C: Evaluate how continuity and change in U.S. history are interrelated with the world
- 8.3.12.D: Evaluate how conflict and cooperation among groups and organizations in the U.S. have influenced the growth and development of the world
What we will learn:
- At least two major events in Ronald Reagan’s early life and early political career
- The evolution of conservatism up to and including Reagan’s presidency
- Why the 1980 election was considered a turning point in United States history
*Watch History Channel Clip of Reagan's presidency
- The Great Communicator * Standards and Objectives Who is Ronald Reagan? Conservatism within
the Great Society Conservatism
under Nixon - Nixon won the 1968 election and brought the Republicans back to power
- The federal government continued to grow during this time period
- Conservatives were troubled by social changes at this time, such as Roe V. Wade, which legalized abortion
- Conservatives opposed certain civil rights issues at this time as well
- A group called the Reagan Democrats formed; conservatives from the Democratic party who supported Reagan's ideas and policies The Election of 1980 - By 1980, conservatives formed a powerful group, known as the New Right
- The New Right believed in smaller government and less government involvement in the economy
- The New Right also believed in restoring Christian values to society
- The New Right's support of Reagan, combined with the failures of Jimmy Carter during his presidency, won Reagan the 1980 election
- Conservatives now controlled the nation's agenda Ticket out of the Door 1. Name two jobs Reagan held before he became President of the United States.
2. Name at least three issues that angered Conservatives during Nixon's presidency
3. Why was the 1980 election a turning point in American history?