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RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD

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Cultura Clásica

on 16 June 2014

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Transcript of RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD

RELIGIONS OF THE WORLD
A MULTICULTURAL PLANET
Hinduism
Hinduism is the oldest of major religions in the world. Some traditions are supposed to be practiced for more than 3000 years.
Hindus have accepted new ideas and modern Hinduism combined tradition with more recent elements.
Nowadays, more than 800 million people practice Hinduism worldwide, most of them in India.
CONFUCIONISM
Confucianism are the teaching of Confucius (551–479 bc). Chinese people have been guided for these principles for a long time. Confucianism is more a way of life which can help people to respect other people. It can be considered o a social code to follow.
This is the name of the God of Islam and It is called Allah
Allah
The meaning of Allah in spanish is "dios" .
His etymology is the same as the semitic word EL , which refers to the god of the bible.
Caracteristics
1. It is a monotheistic Abrahamic religion
2. It is based on the book of Coran which establishes as a fundamental promise for believer that there is no god but Allah and Muhammad is the last messenger of Allah
their sacred place is Macca Medina
Muslims pray in a mosque and they pray 5 times every day
The followers ot Islam are very religious
Islam has 1.157 millions of estimated numbers of followers and that's a great thing.
RULES:
Read the information from: bbc and Britannica.

http://www.bbc.co.uk/religion/religions/
http://school.eb.co.uk/failedlogin?target=%2F
DON'T COPY, REPHRASE!!!
shinto
shinto is the indigenous faith of the Japanese people .
It remains Japan's major religion alongside Buddhism.
introduction
Shinto does not have a founder but it have sacred scriptures like the sutras or the bible
Shinto gods are called kami. They are sacred spirits which take the form of things and concepts important to life, such as wind, rain, mountains, trees, rivers.
Humans become kami after they die and are revered by their families as ancestral kami. The Sun Goddess Amaterasu is considered Shinto's most important kami.
kami : spirits
festivals

some of important festivals of shinto are : Sapporo Snow Festival, Omizutori, Takayama Matsuri, Kanto Matsuri, Nagasaki Kunchi ....... and many more
places
Yasukuni Itsukushima
rituals and rites
Harae - purification rites
Rites of life: Shichigosan
Rites of life: weddings
Rites of life: Hatsumiyamairi
Rites of life: Seijin Shiki
Rites of life: funerals
texts
there are two type :
Shinto holy books
there are the Kojiki or 'Records of Ancient Matters' (712 CE) and the Nihon-gi
These books are compilations of ancient myths and traditional teachings that had previously been passed down orally
Core stories of Shinto
These texts set out the traditional story of the foundation of Japan and its people.

CHRISTIANITY
:

Christianity is one of the biggest religions.
it is based on the teachings of Jesus Christ who lived on the Holy Land 2000 year ago.
THE BIBLE:
The bible es the book of the Christianity:
the bible sais that christians have to worship Father and Son and Holy Spirit.
Also it taught that Christians should only worship God.
but God is three people: Father, Son and Holy Spirit.

+ There is only one God


THE CROSS
The cross is a symbol for Christianity:
It is a symbol of suffering and also of triumph and salvation.
the cross is the universal Christian symbol.
Jesus was executed there 2000 years ago.

THE CHURCH:
The church is the place where Christians go to worship God:
+ They pray there.
+To confess.
+In this place there is a priest who takes care of the church.
+On Sunday, the Christians go to the mass.
+It is the place where couples get married.


CHRISTIAN HOLIDAYS:
holy week
Day of the Immaculate Conception
Day of Pilar
Easter of resurrection
San Pedro and San Paul
.....
judaism
Judaism is one of the oldest religions monotheistic religions and was founded in the Middle East.
judaism was founded by Moses, although Jews trace their history back to Abraham.
THE TORAH:
The Torah is the first part of the Jewish bible. It is the central and most important document of Judaism and has been used by Jews through the ages.
Torah refers to the five books of Moses which are known in Hebrew as Chameesha Choomshey Torah.
+ These are:
- Bresheit (Genesis)
- Shemot (Exodus)
- Vayicra (Leviticus)
-Bamidbar (Numbers)
- Devarim (Deuteronomy).
THE SYNAGOGUE;
the synagogue is the Jewish place of worship, but is also used as a place to study, and often as a community center as well.
Orthodox Jews often use the Yiddish word shul (pronounced shool) to refer to their synagogue.
In the USA, synagogues are often called temples.
In Orthodox synagogues men and women sit separately, and everyone (except young girls) has their head covered. In a Reform synagogue men and women can sit together.
Some Jewish symbols:
- Menorah
-Maguen David
-Jai
-Kipá
MENORAH:
sign of seven arms
His origin is in the Former Agreement.
Moses under the God's direction received the mandate of making a Menorah of pure gold that it must be placed in the tabernacle.
Seven arms represent the God's perfection, since the number seven in the Writings is the number of the perfection.
The light of the Menorah represents the God's perfect and eternal light.
Maguen David:
He is in the synagogues, temples, homes and as jewel in the neck, rings or bracelet.
It is a very ancient symbol, but nobody knows actually his exact origin.
+ A possibility is that the King David had a shield with this symbol.
+Other one that for having six tops and six spaces, twelve in total might be the order and model of the camps of Israel's Tribes about the Tabernacle.
JAI:
These two Hebrew pronounced letters Jai, they mean "Life".
This Symbol is in use as a jewel.
KIPÁ:
Small gorrito used by men and Jewish children.
If the Jewish person is very religious it uses it every day, but every Saturday and in the Synagogue or Temple.
It is used as symbol of humility in front of God
Jewish holidays:
Rosh Ha-Shanah ”(New year)
Yom Kippur (Day of the pardon)
Sucot (Holiday of the Tabernacles)
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