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Patterns of Organization
Transcript of Patterns of Organization
Examples are provided to make the main idea and supporting details clear to the reader.
Signal words, such as “for example” and “for instance,” indicate that this pattern of organization is being used.
EXAMPLE By using this pattern, the author can relate two things to each other either by showing how they are alike or how they are different. COMPARE & CONTRAST to show why something exists or is in place, to tell what happens as the result of an action or actions, to show how one or more causes led to one or more effects CAUSE & EFFECT to show how to do something or make something, or to relate a series of events that happen over time CHRONOLOGICAL The text presents a significant problem and
explains it in detail. Then, a possible solution is
proposed. Sometimes, only the problem is
presented because there is no solution. PROBLEM & SOLUTION In the real world, many texts contain
sections and passages that combine two
or more patterns of organization. This is
perfectly normal and acceptable. You
may incorporate blended patterns in your
writing. MIXED PATTERNS first, next, later, after, before, following, then, in addition to, followed by, and finally are included to help the reader understand how events relate to one another
Dates and times are also used cause, effect, as a result, consequently, so, so that, because of, since, in order to, are used
Many texts do not include just one cause leading to one effect—instead, there may be several causes and several effects problem, solution, solve, effect, hopeful, concern, challenge, resolve like, similar, unlike, on the other hand, also, same as, different from, resembles, yet, as well as, alike, however and too to tell what something is, to present an item’s attributes or properties, to show what an item or place is like DESCRIPTION •
Descriptive adjectives help us visualize the topic
Explains the characteristics of the subject or topic and uses details “Understanding the expository text structures
gives readers a better shot at determining important information when reading nonfiction...The text in standardized tests and traditional textbooks frequently falls into one or another of these text structures. If students know what to look for in terms of text structure, they grasp the meaning more easily.” Goose bumps make me shiver. First I get cold. Then I shake
all over. Goose bumps make me shiver. I get little bumps on my skin.
They look like sesame seeds. Some people get goose bumps from fear. Others get goosebumps when they are touched emotionally. Goosebumps make me shiver. When the temperature drops below 45 degrees, my skin crinkles into goose bumps. Goose bumps make me shiver. But they disappear as soon as I cover up with a jacket or sweater. Ragtime music is a style that
developed at the turn of the twentieth century.
Played primarily by piano, the “Rocking Horse Rag” is
an excellent short sample of ragtime. ORDER OF IMPORTANCE information is given either from the least important feature to the most important, or from the most
important to the least important. central, principal, chief, major, main, key,
primary, significant Question/Answer The writer presents a question and then
tries to answer it. Many schools are thinking about this question: Should students be made to wear uniforms? I believe they should not. First, clothing is a very important way that kids express themselves.