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civil war vs slavery. rose gilliard period 6
Transcript of civil war vs slavery. rose gilliard period 6
in 1791 it was ratified and became law. Article 1 Section 2 the 3/5th's clause allows slaves in to be counted as 3/5ths of
a person for representatives for house of representatives Section 9 Slave Trade Slavery can continue until AT LEAST
1808 Article 5 no slave banning ammendments can't ammend constition until AT LEAST 1808 to ban slavery
The House of Representatives shall be composed of members chosen every second year by the people of the several states, and the electors in each state shall have the qualifications requisite for electors of the most numerous branch of the state legislature.
No person shall be a Representative who shall not have attained to the age of twenty five years, and been seven years a citizen of the United States, and who shall not, when elected, be an inhabitant of that state in which he shall be chosen.
Representatives and direct taxes shall be apportioned among the several states which may be included within this union, according to their respective numbers, which shall be determined by adding to the whole number of free persons, including those bound to service for a term of years, and excluding Indians not taxed, three fifths of all other Persons. The actual Enumeration shall be made within three years after the first meeting of the Congress of the United States, and within every subsequent term of ten years, in such manner as they shall by law direct. The number of Representatives shall not exceed one for every thirty thousand, but each state shall have at least one Representative; and until such enumeration shall be made, the state of New Hampshire shall be entitled to chuse three, Massachusetts eight, Rhode Island and Providence Plantations one, Connecticut five, New York six, New Jersey four, Pennsylvania eight, Delaware one, Maryland six, Virginia ten, North Carolina five, South Carolina five, and Georgia three.
When vacancies happen in the Representation from any state, the executive authority thereof shall issue writs of election to fill such vacancies.
The House of Representatives shall choose their speaker and other officers; and shall have the sole power of impeachment.
The migration or importation of such persons as any of the states now existing shall think proper to admit, shall not be prohibited by the Congress prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight, but a tax or duty may be imposed on such importation, not exceeding ten dollars for each person.
The privilege of the writ of habeas corpus shall not be suspended, unless when in cases of rebellion or invasion the public safety may require it.
No bill of attainder or ex post facto Law shall be passed.
No capitation, or other direct, tax shall be laid, unless in proportion to the census or enumeration herein before directed to be taken.
No tax or duty shall be laid on articles exported from any state.
No preference shall be given by any regulation of commerce or revenue to the ports of one state over those of another: nor shall vessels bound to, or from, one state, be obliged to enter, clear or pay duties in another.
No money shall be drawn from the treasury, but in consequence of appropriations made by law; and a regular statement and account of receipts and expenditures of all public money shall be published from time to time.
No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign state.
The Congress, whenever two thirds of both houses shall deem it necessary, shall propose amendments to this Constitution, or, on the application of the legislatures of two thirds of the several states, shall call a convention for proposing amendments, which, in either case, shall be valid to all intents and purposes, as part of this Constitution, when ratified by the legislatures of three fourths of the several states, or by conventions in three fourths thereof, as the one or the other mode of ratification may be proposed by the Congress; provided that no amendment which may be made prior to the year one thousand eight hundred and eight shall in any manner affect the first and fourth clauses in the ninth section of the first article; and that no state, without its consent, shall be deprived of its equal suffrage in the Senate. Emancipation Proclamation Amendment 13 Slavery is illegal this ammendment offically bans slavery
It states "neither slavery nor invouluntary servitude...shall exit within the united states
Had to conduct "reconstruction" in the south literally
Section 1 Section 2 appropriate legislaion sent troops in to enforce civil rights Thirteenth Amendment
The Thirteenth Amendment was added to the Constitution in 1865. It made slavery illegal in the United States. Many states passed laws to protect the rights of Blacks, but white people against racial equality, mostly from the South, fought against similar laws when Congress tried to pass them. In addition to the equality issue, some states did not accept the Thirteenth Amendment because they believed freeing the slaves would cause other problems.
Slave owners were used to the slaves’ cheap labor and paying others to do the same work would cost more and lower how much money they made. Some slave owners wanted the government to pay for their freed slaves. Workers in the North wanted Blacks to stay in the South because they were afraid Blacks would take their jobs for less pay and poorer working conditions. Many slaves still could not obtain a good job because of discrimination and the lack of a good education. Blacks still did not have the same Civil Rights as Whites. Amendment 14 "prolouge" "grants broad definition of citezenship to "all persons" everybody (men) are citezens Section 1 "All persons born or naturalized in the united states...are citizens of the united states and of the state wherein they reside. No state shall..abridge the privlages... equal protection of the laws." slaves slaves 1. All persons born or naturalized in the United States, and subject to the jurisdiction thereof, are citizens of the United States and of the State wherein they reside. No State shall make or enforce any law which shall abridge the privileges or immunities of citizens of the United States; nor shall any State deprive any person of life, liberty, or property, without due process of law; nor deny to any person within its jurisdiction the equal protection of the laws.
2. Representatives shall be apportioned among the several States according to their respective numbers, counting the whole number of persons in each State, excluding Indians not taxed. But when the right to vote at any election for the choice of electors for President and Vice-President of the United States, Representatives in Congress, the Executive and Judicial officers of a State, or the members of the Legislature thereof, is denied to any of the male inhabitants of such State, being twenty-one years of age, and citizens of the United States, or in any way abridged, except for participation in rebellion, or other crime, the basis of representation therein shall be reduced in the proportion which the number of such male citizens shall bear to the whole number of male citizens twenty-one years of age in such State.
3. No person shall be a Senator or Representative in Congress, or elector of President and Vice-President, or hold any office, civil or military, under the United States, or under any State, who, having previously taken an oath, as a member of Congress, or as an officer of the United States, or as a member of any State legislature, or as an executive or judicial officer of any State, to support the Constitution of the United States, shall have engaged in insurrection or rebellion against the same, or given aid or comfort to the enemies thereof. But Congress may by a vote of two-thirds of each House, remove such disability.
4. The validity of the public debt of the United States, authorized by law, including debts incurred for payment of pensions and bounties for services in suppressing insurrection or rebellion, shall not be questioned. But neither the United States nor any State shall assume or pay any debt or obligation incurred in aid of insurrection or rebellion against the United States, or any claim for the loss or emancipation of any slave; but all such debts, obligations and claims shall be held illegal and void.
5. The Congress shall have power to enforce, by appropriate legislation, the provisions of this article. Section 2 "counting the whole number of persons in each stat, excluding indions not taxed handed out not people according to us over rides the 3/5ths clause1 Section 3 "no person shall be senator or representative in congress,, or elector of president and vice president, or hold any office... shall have engaged in insurrecton or rebellion against the same" its saying that no rebels can hold office no matter what Section 4 "united states nor any states shall assume or pay any debt or abligation incurred in aid of unsurreciton or rebellion against the United States" US will NOT pay back people who helped the south Ammendment 15 Section 1 "the right of citezens of the unitecd states to vote shall not be denied or abridged y the United States or by any state on account of race, color, or revious condition of servitude" gurantees african american males can vote The 13th 14th and 15th ammendments stated a
domino affect for better things september 22, 1862 "on the twenty second day of september, in the year of our lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-two."
"all persons hels as slaves within any state or seignated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the united states, shall be then thencefoward, and FOREVER FREE." slaves in rebel states are free "by vrtue of the power in me vested as comander-in-cheif... necessary war messure for suppressing said rebellion..one hundred days" using war power stop war Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. Johns, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South-Carolina, North-Carolina, and Virginia, (except the fortyeight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth-City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued. border state lincoln is trying to avoid heaving the border states join the rebellion Emancipation Proclamation
January 1, 1863
President Lincoln read the first draft of this document to his Cabinet members on July 22, 1862. After some changes, he issued the preliminary version on September 22, which specified that the final document would take effect January 1, 1863. Slaves in Confederate states which were not back in the Union by then would be free, but slaves in the Border States were not affected.
The most controversial document in Lincoln's presidency, its signing met with both hostility and jubilation in the North. After the preliminary version was made public, Lincoln noted, "It is six days old, and while commendation in newspapers and by distinguished individuals is all that a vain man could wish, the stocks have declined, and troops come forward more slowly than ever. This, looked soberly in the face, is not very satisfactory." However, on the day he approved the final version, Lincoln remarked, "I never, in my life, felt more certain that I was doing right, than I do in signing this paper."
By the President of the United States of America:
Whereas, on the twentysecond day of September, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty two, a proclamation was issued by the President of the United States, containing, among other things, the following, to wit:
"That on the first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty-three, all persons held as slaves within any State or designated part of a State, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the United States, shall be then, thenceforward, and forever free; and the Executive Government of the United States, including the military and naval authority thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of such persons, and will do no act or acts to repress such persons, or any of them, in any efforts they may make for their actual freedom.
"That the Executive will, on the first day of January aforesaid, by proclamation, designate the States and parts of States, if any, in which the people thereof, respectively, shall then be in rebellion against the United States; and the fact that any State, or the people thereof, shall on that day be, in good faith, represented in the Congress of the United States by members chosen thereto at elections wherein a majority of the qualified voters of such State shall have participated, shall, in the absence of strong countervailing testimony, be deemed conclusive evidence that such State, and the people thereof, are not then in rebellion against the United States."
Now, therefore I, Abraham Lincoln, President of the United States, by virtue of the power in me vested as Commander-in-Chief, of the Army and Navy of the United States in time of actual armed rebellion against the authority and government of the United States, and as a fit and necessary war measure for suppressing said rebellion, do, on this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty three, and in accordance with my purpose so to do publicly proclaimed for the full period of one hundred days, from the day first above mentioned, order and designate as the States and parts of States wherein the people thereof respectively, are this day in rebellion against the United States, the following, to wit:
Arkansas, Texas, Louisiana, (except the Parishes of St. Bernard, Plaquemines, Jefferson, St. Johns, St. Charles, St. James Ascension, Assumption, Terrebonne, Lafourche, St. Mary, St. Martin, and Orleans, including the City of New Orleans) Mississippi, Alabama, Florida, Georgia, South-Carolina, North-Carolina, and Virginia, (except the fortyeight counties designated as West Virginia, and also the counties of Berkley, Accomac, Northampton, Elizabeth-City, York, Princess Ann, and Norfolk, including the cities of Norfolk and Portsmouth[)], and which excepted parts, are for the present, left precisely as if this proclamation were not issued.
And by virtue of the power, and for the purpose aforesaid, I do order and declare that all persons held as slaves within said designated States, and parts of States, are, and henceforward shall be free; and that the Executive government of the United States, including the military and naval authorities thereof, will recognize and maintain the freedom of said persons.
And I hereby enjoin upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defence; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages.
And I further declare and make known, that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to garrison forts, positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service.
And upon this act, sincerely believed to be an act of justice, warranted by the Constitution, upon military necessity, I invoke the considerate judgment of mankind, and the gracious favor of Almighty God.
In witness whereof, I have hereunto set my hand and caused the seal of the United States to be affixed.
Done at the City of Washington, this first day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand eight hundred and sixty three, and of the Independence of the United States of America the eighty-seventh.
By the President: ABRAHAM LINCOLN
WILLIAM H. SEWARD, Secretary of State. "declare... that such persons of suitable condition, will be received into the armed service of the United States to grrison forts positions, stations, and other places, and to man vessels of all sorts in said service." freedom and fight for north 1860 election Abraham Lincoln
ran for senate and lost
but he won the presidential campaign only by 40% because the republicans had 3 candidates
most of the southern states didn't even have lincoln on their ballot
lincoln entered office and promised not to change slavery in the south because he wanted to keep the country together
he wouldn't allow slavery to expand
shortly after lincoln won south carolina seceded from the United States Abraham Lincoln - 16th U.S. president; his Republican roots and association with abolitionism prompted South Carolina to secede in 1861 THE DEMOCRATS WERE DIVIDED Fort Sumter Compromise of 1877 Bull run 6 main events
(may be repeated from earlier) informal, unwritten deal that settled the disputed 1876 U.S. Presidential election and ended Congressional Reconstruction. The compromise essentially stated that Southern Democrats would acknowledge Hayes as President, but only if the Republicans acceded to various demands:
1. The removal of all Federal troops from the former Confederate States.
2.The appointment of at least one Southern Democrat to Hayes' cabinet.
3.The construction of another transcontinental railroad using the Texas and Pacific in the South
4.Legislation to help industrialize the South. also known as the First Battle of Manassas Just months after the start of the war at Fort Sumter, the Northern public clamored for a march against the Confederate capital of Richmond, Virginia, which could bring an early end to the war. Aftermath Union casualties were 460 killed, 1,124 wounded, and 1,312 missing or captured; Confederate casualties were 387 killed, 1,582 wounded, and 13 missing. Among the latter was Col. Francis S. Bartow, who was the first Confederate brigade commander to be killed in the Civil War. General Bee was mortally wounded and died the following day.
Union forces and civilians alike feared that Confederate forces would advance on Washington, D.C., with very little standing in their way. On July 24, Prof. Lowe ascended in Enterprise to observe the Confederates moving in and about Manassas Junction and Fairfax and ascertained that there was no evidence of massing Rebel forces, but he was forced to land in enemy territory. It was overnight before he was rescued and could report to headquarters. He reported that his observations "restored confidence" to the Union commanders. "On the morning of July 21, ... sent ... (about 12,000 men) .... at 2:30 a.m., ... toward Sudley Springs. Tyler's division (about 8,000) marched directly toward the Stone Bridge..... did not begin fording Bull Run until 9:30 a.m. Tyler's men reached the Stone Bridge around 6 a.m." wikipedia
December 26, 1860
this flag was flown during the battle at fort sumter
the constitution is a set of rules set by the government.
it was created on september 7th 1787.but it was ratified
june 21st 1788. curently located in the national archives in Washington D.C
commemorates defining moments in American history
Fort Sumter National Monument has one of the best collections of 19th century seacoast artillery anywhere in the United States.
This was the first battle of the Civil War.
It consisted of a 39 hour shelling of the fort by the Confederates, after which, the Northern troops surrendered.
There were no deaths on either side.
The fort was named after Thomas Sumter.
Fort Sumter is in the shape of a pentagon.
The fort was still being built in 1860.
It was the site of the first shot of the American Civil War. this flag was flown during the battle of fort sumter Lincoln's assasination one of the last major events in the American Civil War took place on Good Friday, April 14, 1865, President Abraham Lincoln was shot while attending a performance of Our American Cousin at Ford's Theater with his wife and two guests.
Lincoln's assassin, actor and Confederate sympathizer John Wilkes Booth, had also plotted with fellow conspirators, Lewis Powell and George Atzerodt, to kill Secretary of State William H. Seward and Vice President Andrew Johnson respectively Although Booth succeeded in killing Lincoln, the larger plot failed. Seward was attacked, but recovered from his wounds, and Johnson's would-be assassin fled Washington, D.C. upon losing his nerve.
Mary Lincoln's and Clara Harris' screams and Rathbone's cries of "Stop that man!" caused the audience to understand that this was not part of the show, and pandemonium broke out in Ford's Theatre. Long Term Effects Short Term Effects Emancitpation Proclimation Lincoln in the war whyy we fight compare and contrast north and south "all persons hels as slaves within any state or seignated part of a state, the people whereof shall then be in rebellion against the united states, shall be then thencefoward, and FOREVER FREE." some long term effects are
rights to minors
rights to women to vote
got ride of the black codes
had share cropping (bad)
they did also have battles over federalism some short term effects
it started the civil war ammendments the 13th 14th and 15th
it also started the reconstruction in the south 1858 lincoln ran for senate
the lincol douglas debateds show he is morally aposed to slavery
states that the house is divided
"a house divided can not stand
1860 he lost the senate race
but he did win the presidental race by 40% this is possible because the republicans had 3 candidates
most southern states did not even have him on their ballots
lincoln entered office and promoses not to change slavery in the south; he is trying to keep the country together
but he will not let slavery expand past where it is 1862 nation at wat lincoln has two goals
end war sooner
start ending slavery, so the divided house will no longer be divided we fight because slavery was wrong and we wanted it to stop
also becasue the south wanted slavery to continue longer then the set date that it would continue and the north did not want it to continue North South wanted slavery becasue it brought money to the plantation and it was "free labour" it was justified with a if this happens then this is waht the result will be they not only agreed with slavery but felt they needed it because they didn't want to pay someone to do the work or do it them selves it was definatley free labour beleived that it was necessary and that slaves were property not real human beings needed slavery supported the idea because they needed the stuff that they harvested but didn't support it because the slaves were treated wrong they were strongly agaisnt expansion they used it as well thought it was stupid and pointless as well as unfair to the slaves because they were forced to work hard and didn't really have any other choice they hated slavery and weren't happy with the government because they were letting it continue they were upset overall and thought it was a necessary evil Definitions Compromise of 1877-one of a series of compromises reached to hold the United States together peacefully. Federalism-the distribution of power in an organization Black codes- body of laws, statutes, and rules enacted by southern states immediately after the Civil War to regain control over the freed slaves, maintain white supremacy, and ensure the continued supply of cheap labor. Union-The act of uniting or the state of being united. Sharecropping-To work (land) or grow (crops) as a sharecropper. Civil war amendments-Thirteenth, Fourteenth, and Fifteenth Amendments, passed following the Civil War. They freed the slaves, granted them citizenship, and guaranteed them the rights of citizens. Emancipation Proclimation-a proclamation issued by President Lincoln in September, 1862, effective January 1, 1863, freeing the slaves in all territory still at war with the Union Border States-slave states bordering on the free states before the Civil War: Mo., Ky., Va., Md., & Del. Abraham Lincoln-Sixteenth president of the United States and president during the Civil War, Abraham Lincoln (1809-1865) was immortalized by his Emancipation Proclamation, his Gettysburg Address, and two outstanding inaugural addresses. John Wilkes Booth-One of the most promising American actors of his time, John Wilkes Booth (1838-1865) was the assassin of President Abraham Lincoln in 1865. Secession-an act of seceding; formal withdrawal or separation The civil war!