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2011 TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE & TSUNAMI
Transcript of 2011 TOHOKU EARTHQUAKE & TSUNAMI
GRAPHIC: Patterson Clark and Bonnie Berkowitz - The Washington Post. Published March 11, 2011.
Subduction occurs at the two plates, the North American Plate and the Pacific plate, with the Pacific plate moving a little of 3 inches per year. On March 11, 2011, the Pacific Plate suddenly lurched forward (up to 59 feet) and plunged under the N.American plate causing the most powerful earthquake reported to have hit Japan...
SURVIVOR STORY: YUZURU HANYU
It wasn't easy for 19 year old, Yuzuru Hanyu of Japan to skate to figure skating gold at the 2014 Sochi Olympics
Hanyu was skating at his home rink in Sendai, his hometown when earthquake hit. Still in skates, Hanyu had no other choice but to flee from the collapsing ice rink. In this interview with CNN, Hanyu recounts the devastating experience, life after it, and how the disaster didn't stop him from taking Olympic gold 3 years later...
ALL SHOOK UP
The magnitude 9.0 earthquake triggered up to 40.5m (133 ft) of tsunami waves that shifted Japan's main island and the Earth on its axis.
As of February 10, 2014...
lives reported lost due to this 2011 disaster
Let's talk MONEY
The earthquake and tsunami left thousands severely injured, missing, and homeless.
Estimates show that for cost of just material damage could exceed
($300 billion USD)
Rising from the rubble
It may take decades the Tohoku region to fully recover, but it's a start...
THE 2011 TŌHUKU EARTHQUAKE & TSUNAMI
It's 2:45 PM, local time.
Unbeknownst to the people of the Tōhoku region of Japan, in the matter of 1 minute, their lives would be shaken completely...
MARCH 11, 2011
Tōhoku region, Japan, island of Honshu
Ishinomaki, Miyagi Prefecture
March 15, 2011
February 22, 2013
2011 FUKUSHIMA NUCLEAR DISASTER
IN DEEP WATERS
Being close to the sea, the shipping industry contributes greatly to the economy of the Tōhoku region and of Japan. The tsunami completely destroyed the Miyagi prefecture's fishing industry, damaging over 12,000 of the 13,000 ships, in addition with taking the lives of hundreds of fishermen.
With the fishing industries of 7 other prefectures affected, the estimated total damage to Japan's fishing industry alone came to ¥1.26 trillion ($12 billion USD)
PUTTING ON THE BRAKES
Businesses such as Toyota, Nissan, Honda, big contributors to Japan's economy saw immediate effects. The combined earthquake and tsunami forced companies to suspend production for many days. Many other manufacturers and companies such as Toshiba, Tokyo Electric Power Company, East Japan Railway company, etc were forced to close many plants and halt for the time being.
Iwaki City, Fukushima Prefecture
Due to the wrath of this catastrophe, 644 Japanese companies have been forced into bankruptcy as of March 2012.
Also known as the Great East Japan Earthquake & Tsunami, this deadly combination of a magnitude 9.0 earthquake followed by a massive tsunami began at 2:46 PM, local time Friday, March 11, 2011 off the coast of Honshu, brought chaos to all of the Tōhoku region of Japan.
HOW does this even happen?
This sudden movement, thrust the North American plate upwards, releasing a huge amount of energy and also displacing water.
As this massive energy radiateD from the epicenter resulting in an earthquake, more energy traveled through waves gradually accumulating more energy and increasing wave height until it reached the shore in the form of a tsunami.
Capitol of the Miyagi Prefecture, Sendai is largest city in the Tōhoku region of Honshu and one of the hardest hit cities of the 2011 quake & tsunami, being extremely close to the epicenter.
The Tōhoku region of Japan consists of 6 prefectures, or districts that were the most affected by the quake & tsunami.
The earthquake and tsunami left millions without electricity, power, gas, water and increased danger because of Japan's numerous nuclear plants.
The Fukushima Nuclear Plant (Fukushima Prefecture, Tōhoku region, Japan) experienced a meltdown of 3/6 of their nuclear reactors caused by the tsunami. The plant began to release enormous amounts of radioactive material, making it the largest nuclear incident since the Chernobyl disaster of 1986.
Japan has been working hard to clear the what might seem endless debris in the past years, rebuilding bridges, roads, buildings, homes.
Natori, near Sendai, Japan
Two years later, Natori, February 21, 2013
March 13, 2011: Government ordered evacuation for all people living within 10km of the plant