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Modern Child Development Influences

Culture
by

Sharita Burce

on 11 June 2014

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Transcript of Modern Child Development Influences

Culture
Culture
Culture is the collective knowledge, beliefs, values, behaviors, and practices of a group of like people. It is usually handed down from generation to generation through both formal and informal means. Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory is based on the idea that social interaction and children’s participation in cultural activities are necessary for healthy development. Cultural and societal influences on child development can be instilled through natural interactions with others, can be ingrained early in life, or can arise as a consequence of the family.

(Groark, McCarthy, & Kirk, 2014)

Social Impact
The characteristic of culture can also affect children's developing social skills. Children manage their feelings of alienation and conflicting feelings of their self-identity, within the cultural group. "Gender roles refer to social and behavioral norms that are considered appropriate and socially acceptable for children and adults of a specific sex; they are determined largely by culture" (World Health Organization, 2013b).
Modern Child Development Influences
Sharita Burce
ECE 205: Introduction to Child Development
Instructor Windes
June 10, 2014
Physical Impact
Children with different cultural backgrounds may be exposed to different attitudes, lifestyles, and festivities that go against their religious beliefs. This can cause unwanted stress and depression. Poverty can also have an impact on child development. "Childhood poverty is rampant in the United States. Some 22 percent of children in this country live in poverty" (National Center for Children in Poverty, 2013). Those who grew up in poverty can experience premature aging or "poor coping and self-regulation skills" (Evans & Kim, 2013).
Modern Child Development Influences
Emotional Impact
With culture comes expectations and values for set behaviors that can produce stress and conflict if children are not able to adapt. Children's cultural beliefs or practices may cause an emotional conflict when they want to participate in activities, sports, festivities, etc. that go against their families wishes. This can leave some children feeling paranoid, fragmented, uncertain of their place in the world, angry, or resistant to change.
Cognitive Impact
Cultural influences can also affect a child's cognitive development. Child abuse and neglect are amongst the most hurtful and stressful things a child can endure. "The results of severe neglect include cognitive delays, poor executive functioning, and problems with the body’s ability to cope with stress" (National Scientific Council on the Developing Child, 2012a).
Conclusion
All in all, we have learned that there are a lot of things that can have an affect on child development, whether for the good or ill. I feel culture is relevant to my chosen profession (teacher) because it will enable me to create curriculum that is responsive to the needs of each student. We, as educators must understand that the cultural backgrounds and experiences of our students must be respected and reflected in all aspects of the education process.
References
Evans, G. W., & Kim, P. (2013). Childhood poverty, chronic stress, self-regulation, and coping. Child Development Perspectives, 7(1), 43–48.
Groark, C.J., McCarthy, S.K., & Kirk, A.R., (2014). Early child development: From theory to practice. San Diego, CA: Bridgepoint Education, Inc.
National Center for Children in Poverty (2013). Child poverty. Retrieved from http://www.nccp.org/topics/child poverty.html.
National Scientific Council on the Developing Child. (2012a). The science of neglect: The persistent absence of responsive care disrupts the developing brain: Working paper no. 12. Retrieved from http://developingchild.harvard.edu/resources/reports_and_working_papers/working_papers/wp12/
World Health Organization. (2013b). What do we mean by “sex” and “gender”? Retrieved from http://www.who .int/gender/whatisgender/en/.
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