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Transcript of Melodrama
Melodrama was the main type of theatre during the 19th century and it was really popular round 1840. Melodrama was mostly popular in the France because the french created melodrama as part of the Romantic Literary Period
What are the conventions of melodrama
The villian is never honest
Good overcomes evil
The hero is always wearing a white hat
The villain is always wearing a black hat
Heroine is in need for a rescue
What special effects were used in melodramas ?
There were many special effects used in Melodrama such as train crashes, horse racing, and earthquakes, fires,explosions and drowning. They were used to make it more exciting for the audience
What is melodrama ?
Melodrama is a noble tale about a battle between good and evil. Good would win and bring right to society. Also it is a type of theatre where you exaggerate your and go over the top with your emotions. For example in a melodrama if a character receives bad news. That character might faint as soon and they hear what is being said to them
Melo comes from Greek word melos, meaning music or melody and drama meaning theatre. These words were put together because the original stages would have orchestras playing songs that would go along with the play. In historical melodrams the main themes were romantic and sensational. But, today Melodramas don't necessarily have to have music in them. They usually have charictors who exaggerate emotions
What two words does the words "Melodrama combine and why ?
List 5 stock character "types" you find in a Melodrama
A) Describe their main personaltiy traits
B) Descibe their appearance and constume
C) Describe the type of movments/voice they would have
What were the principles of Melodramatic Acting ?
Outline the basic pot of all melodrams ?
The plot in melodrams are usually:
Provocation meaning when the villain feels provoked or aggrivated by the hero so he wants to get revenge on the hero
Pangs meaning when charictors suffer through out the play due to what ever the villain has done to them.
Penalties meaning where the villian deserves a punishimnet for doing what ever evil he/she did
Wheres honorable costume
Loud confident voice
Lots of movement
Wearing dark clothing
quick movements so not to be seen
Deep, low scary voice
Loyal to his boss
Not as good looking as his boss
poor, not nice looking clothing
Slow movements not as fast as his boss
Low deep voice
Sometimes funny but isnt looked upon as idiotic
Looks like an important character in the play
Dresses in nice clothes
Loud voice but not as lound as hero
Makes helpful movments inorder to help save the heroine
How do Melodrams always end ?
Melodrams end by the hero rescuing the heroine and the villain receiving some kind punishment
Music is often played in melodrama to indicate to the audience what kind of charactor he/she is portraying
Main theme is Good vs Evil
Has a happy ending
Never 5 acts long
Lots of special effects such as : fires, explosions, drownings, earthquakes.
What was the main focus and theme of Melodrama plays ?
The main focus is the struggle between good and evil because the villian is always trying to do somthing bad to the hero.
So, the hero has to undo what happened which causes stuggle or conflict between both sides
Today where can you find melodramas ?
Melodramas in books:
Uncle Tom's cabin
Melodrams in movies :
The Princess Bride
Melodrams in Plays
What technology did they use ?
In the late 19th century they used Pulleys, ropes flats, bridges, and treadmills because to add a sensational effect for the audience
What locations might have been found in a Melodramas ?
They take place everywhere. Depending on the story it could take place :
Hero's home or office
Railroad station or train tracks
How did plays change during the end of the 19th century ?
Plays changed during the 19th century because scenic design and construction were the same. The director gave demands the scenic designer, who would make cardboard models and the theater's carpenter would construct the scenery and then send it to a scenic studio for paintings.
What type of stage machinery was used in Melodrama ?
They used gas lighting instead of Lighted candles and oil so they could have better lighing on stage
They also used lime lights which was a stick the burned to produce a light onto a individual character.
Disadvantages of Melodrama special effects
The disadvantages are that on stage an actual fire could start so they had to fire proof the stage before the play began
Explosions could hurt the actors and audience and would be very dangerous
The audience or director would realize that the actor was actually drowning causing a risk of death
How did theater buildings change during the 19 century ?
In 1843 the Theatre Act got rid of the patent monopoly which was a kind of like a law that only the Lord Chamberlain could decide who could preform or not. Once this law was removed anybody could put on plays. Then lots of people started building theatres for profit. Then a new theatre was made called a Music Hall. A music hall could be used for anykind of entertainment. In a music hall there were less tables in front of the stage so the space could be used for more seating. Then they were demolished so even bigger theatres halls could be built. The new ones were built with boxes which only held a little bit of people. Even though they were close to the stage they did not have a good view. By the middle of the 19th century theatre buildings were becoming a special architecture to society. Architects like such as JT Robinson and C J Phipps would design them. They had to build humongous theatres with and they had luxurious social areas
In what 3 ways did Melodramas reflect/mirror Victorian society ?
Melodrama reflected the working class since the hero and heroine were most often from the working class
Melodrama reflected the Industrialization and the growth of cities and had a impact victorian
culture because melodrama was a used to split up free enterprise between theatre productions and personal life
Melodrama reflected a better life than life in reality during the Victorian period. Melodrama helped people get away from all the stress in life at the time and it was a place of peace and happiness
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