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Chapter 21: Alcohol

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Kristen Frantzen

on 18 October 2017

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Transcript of Chapter 21: Alcohol

Alcohol and Medicine
»Can lead to illness or death.
Body may absorb the drug or alcohol more slowly, increasing the length of time that alcohol or the drug is in the body.
»Enzymes in the body can change some medications into chemicals that can damage the liver or other organs.

Say WHAT?!
Alcohol is classified as a DEPRESSANT because it slows the activity of the brain and central nervous system.
» Alcohol stays in a person’s system until liver can break it down and metabolize it.

» Toxic levels vary from person to person.

Can only oxidize 1 oz of alcohol an hour. YOU CANNOT SPEED UP THIS PROCESS!

The Basics
» Ethanol:
Type of alcohol found in alcoholic beverages.
» Fermentation:
Chemical action of yeast on sugar.

Water, flavoring, and minerals are mixed with ethanol to produce beverages like beer, wine, and flavored malt-liquors (whiskey & vodka)

Produced synthetically and naturally by fermenting fruits, vegetables, and grains

Chapter 21: Alcohol
» Since our bodies view alcohol as a foreign, toxic substance.. the more you drink and the longer you drink, the worse your symptoms get.
Alcohol's Effects
» Body Size: A smaller person might feel the effects faster than a larger person does.
» Gender: Moves faster into the bloodstream in females than males.
» Food: Slows down the passage of alcohol into the bloodstream.
» Rate of Intake: If you drink alcohol faster than what your liver can metabolize, you’ll become intoxicated.
» Amount: The more you drink, the higher the level of alcohol is in your bloodstream.
» Medicine: Can interfere with the effects of medicines. Can heighten the effects of alcohol.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome (FAS):
A group of alcohol related birth defects that include physical and mental problems.

» Cerebral Cortex: judgement, confidence,

»Frontal Lobes: decision making, self control,
reflexes and reactions .

»Cerebellum: coordination and fine motor skills.

»Hippocampus: memory.

The state in which the body is poisoned by alcohol or another substance; and the person’s physical and mental control is significantly damaged.
»Binge Drinking:
-Drinking 5 or more alcoholic drinks at one sitting.

»Alcohol Poisoning: A severe and potentially fatal reaction to an alcohol overdose.

-Depressant on body organs
-Involuntary actions (breathing, gag reflex to prevent choking) may be impaired
-Alcohol is a stomach irritant

Binge Drinking
Alcohol Poisoning.............

Effects of
Alcohol Poisoning
-A person who drinks too much may pass out.

-It is not okay to let someone who drank too much just “Sleep it Off”

*Mental confusion
*Vomit and Seizures
*Slow respiration
*Irregular heartbeat
*Low body temp

Alcohol Ads usually portray:
-Young people who are handsome, attractive, fit, and healthy looking.
-A “party like” atmosphere with upbeat music.
-An otherwise healthful environment, often outdoors.
-Problem free drinking.
-A verbal message that does not say anything about the RISKS of using the product.

Under 21 it is illegal to buy, possess or consume alcohol!

If a violation occurs... You can be arrested, fined, or thrown in a detention facility.
Any arrest and conviction can affect a teen’s future.
This could potentially limit college opportunities and employment options.

Other consequences...
-Teens are more likely victims in crimes such as rape, assault, and robbery when alcohol is involved.

-Alcohol causes lack in judgment, lowers inhibitions, and causes compromise of moral standards!

-25% use alcohol or drugs before engaging in sexual activity.

-Teens who use alcohol are more likely to participate in premarital sex and
twice as likely
to contract an STD.

-Drowning, fire, suicide, and homicide are all associated risks from alcohol use.

Alcohol and the family
-It is estimated that 25% of all teens are exposed to alcohol abuse. This is excessive use of alcohol.
-Teens who drink are 4 times more likely to become an alcoholic.
-Seek out alcohol as an escape from their problems.

Neglect, abuse or social isolation
Economic hardship
Personal use of alcohol
Mental and physical problems

Alcohol and School
Most schools have a zero tolerance policy for students caught using alcohol.

Can become ineligible or suspended from extra curricular activities.

Do you know our policy?
Blood Alcohol Concentration (BAC)
Euphoria (BAC = .10)
The person becomes more confident and daring, trouble paying attention, lack good judgment, acting on impulse and find tasks requiring fine motor control difficult.

Excitement (BAC .20)
The person may become sleepy, short term memory is impaired, reaction time is greatly reduced, gross motor skills are uncoordinated, trouble maintaining their balance, vision becomes blurry and senses become dull.

Confusion (BAC .30)
The person might not know where they are or what they are doing, walking may be difficult, emotions run high, vision is very blurry and the sensation of pain is dulled.

Stupor (BAC .40)
The person can barely move, do not respond to external stimuli, walking or standing is impossible, vomit repeatedly, they may become unconscious.

Coma /Death (BAC .50)
The person is unconscious, pupils are unresponsive to light, very low body temperature, breathing is shallow, pulse rate is slow and Death may occur.

...the amount of alcohol in the blood.
...expressed in a percentage
Driving while intoxicated (DWI)
Driving under the influence (DUI)
BAC for adults 21 and over = 0.08
BAC for under 21?
Death to yourself or others
Arrest, jail, court appearances
Restricted driving privileges
Higher auto insurance

Driving While Intoxicated
Slows reflexes.
Reduced ability to judge distance and speed.
Increase in risk behaviors.
Reduced concentration and increased forgetfulness.

Drinking alcohol cause blood vessels to widen increasing flow of blood.
-Makes the skin feel flush and warm.
-Body temperature decreases

Drinking and Driving Continued...
-Leading preventable causes of Mental Retardation
-Deformities to head, hands, face
-Heart or liver defects
-Vision and hearing problems
-Developmental problems…Physical and Mentally

.... A disease that affects the person who drinks and the others around them.
.... Physically or psychologically dependent on alcohol.

*delirium tremmens
Cravings- Feeling a strong need for it.
Loss of Control- Inability to limit amount.
Physical Dependence & Withdrawal symptoms. Ex: Nausea, shakes, anxiety
Tolerance: Need to drink more to feel it.


People in an alcoholics life that put their lives on hold to take care of the alcoholic.
Stage 1-
: Social drinking.
May begin to lie or make excuses for drinking.
Stage 2-
: Cannot stop drinking. Physically dependent. Tries to hide problem.
Stage 3-
: Final stage. Liver may be already damaged. Needs to drink more to feel the effects. Experience withdrawal symptoms if quit.

Living Alcohol Free
-Admission: Admits to having a problem and asks for help.

-Detoxification: A process in which the body adjusts to functioning without alcohol.

-Counseling: Learns how to change behavior and live without alcohol.

Sobriety- living without alcohol
Recovery- learning to live with out alcohol
Serving Size
*Each of these contains the same amount of alcohol.
You drink, you drive, you lose!
Drive sober or get pulled over
....A disease in which a person has a physical or phychological dependence on drinks that contain alcohol.

What is a proof?
...the amount of ethanol contained in the alcoholic beverage that has been doubled.
EX: 80 proof means 40% of the beverage is ethanol
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