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The diffrence between Anishinabe, Haudenosaunee, Mi'Kmaq
Transcript of The diffrence between Anishinabe, Haudenosaunee, Mi'Kmaq
By: Sadie Silverthorn and Hailey Kilsby
Role of Women
The anishinabe women had to cook, clean, and take care of their family's. They had no right to speak in decision making but if you were in the council of elders, or a a clan mother you could speak.
In haudenosaunee society, people trace their family tree through their mothers. The clan system, traced through the clan mothers. United the nations as a family of realatives. The clan mothers were powerfull people, because they chose the hoyaneh. if a hoyaneh failed to preform his official dutties in acordance with the great law of peace, the clan mothers could replace him.
the women from mi'kmaq tended crops, made clothing, cooked meals, put up and took down wigwams, set up camp, and took care of children. Although the mi'kmaq women could attened meetings they could not have a say in the outcome of the solution.
Housing and Location
The haudenonsounee lived in year rounded settlements of up to 1,500 people. They built longhouses, permanet dwellings framed in wood and covered with elm bark. longhouses were tall , five or six meters high and up to twenty meters long. Traditionaly, several families belonging to the same clan lived together in a longhouse. Each building had a central isile and rooms along the side. Longhouses had no windows, but had several holes in the roof that let light in and let smoke out
The mi'kmaq lived in something called a wigwam. A wigwam is structure made from poles and sheets of tree bark ( usely birch tree bark ). Wigwams are easy to put up and take down which was very useful for the mi'kmaq becuase they were always on the move to another part of there land, In summer they stayed by the coast but durining winter they moved into the forest.
The anishinabe are the third largest tribe in North America and most lived near lake superior in the United States, they called themselves the '' chippewa '' and in Canada they call themselves the '' ojiway though they preffer anishanabe. The anishinabe usually live in wigwams which are roundish hutsmade out of birch bark tht looks like igloos but without the long enyrance. They also used tipis sometimes because they are lighter to carry.
Anishinabe society had clans, each with different responsibilties. The clans worked together to provide balance and order in society. A person became a member of his or her father's clan within clans, people treated eachother like brothers and sisters.
Decanawidah ( peace maker ) brought the great law of peace to the haudenasosaunee. The great law of peace created a confederacy of five and almost six nations : cayuga, mohawk, oneida, onondaga, senaca and tuscarora. Although they lived in different areas, spoke diferent languages, had their own clans and village councils. They all exepted the great law of peace. The great law set down rules of government, in which each member of a nation which was apart of the confederacy had equal voice and status.
The Role of the saqamaw in the Mi’kmaw Society The early Mi’kmaq had a complex system of government. The political structure was made up of a hierarchy of saqamaws, including the Local saqamaw, the District saqmaw and the Grand saqmaw.The Local saqamaw looked after the affairs of the village community. He presided (ruled) over the “Council of Elders” which was the governing body of the village. This group was made up of family heads or representatives. The Local saqamaw provided dogs for the chase, canoes for transportation, and supplies for hunting expeditions. He also provided emergency food supplies in times of need.
Beliefs and Values
Wild rice is an inportant food in the diet of the anishinabe. Wild rice grows naturally at the edges of lakes on the Canadian sheild. To harvest rice, the traditional method remains preferred method. It requires a ''poler'' some '' knockers '' and a canoe. The poler holds the canoe seady while the knokers gently bend the stalks over the canoe and hit tjem with wooden rods. Then the rice falls into the canoe.
The haudenosuanee lived off of crops that they had :
They called these the ''three sisters'' in the traditional argaculture of the haudosounee, Woman planted the crops, using the fish heads to fertalize the soil. They also tended and harvested the crops.
The mi'kmaq during summer lived close to the coast. So they could hunt fish, whale and other sea creatures. Durring winter they move into the woods. So they could then hunt moose, deer and other animals.
In the traditional beliefs of first nations, creation includes the visible material world and an invisible spiratal world. All things visible and invisible are connected to everything. To live a good life, people need to have respectful relationships which all creation ( people, animals, land, the sky, and everything else. In the traditional first nations societies, people did not accumulate wealth. They took from the land only that they needed. They believed creation repaid this respectful easy of life by consantly renewing itself. One of the things they believed in was '' all things are connected like the blood that units us. We did not weave the web of life. We are merely a strand of it. Whatever we do to the web we do to ourselves.''
THE TREE- the great white pine [tsioneratasekowa] represents the great law of peace among the five haudensounee nations.
THE BRANCHES- represent the protection of those nations under the great law of peace.
THE GREAT WHITE ROOTS -wich spread out in the four directions one to the north, one to the east, one to the south, and one to the west. Represent peace and strenghth. Any person or nation willing to obey the great law of peace shall follow those roots to the council of the leage of peace and be welcome to take shelter beneeth the great tree
THE EAGLE- who can see far has a place at the top of the tree of peace to warn of any danger threatning the people.
The spirituality of the Mi’kmaq is very old. It dates back thousands of years and has a deep connection to the land. Like much of Mi’kmaw culture, the beliefs and practices about spirituality are passed from one generation to the next by the stories and teachings of the Elders. The Mi’kmaq believe that a great spirit called Kisu’lk (“the Creator”) made the universe and everyone and everything in it.They believe that all things—plants, animals, people, and Mother Earth herself—all have the Creator’s spirit in them and must be respected. And because everything on Earth is connected, no part should be exploited or abused. Each part must work in harmony with the rest. This does not mean that people cannot cut down trees, or hunt for food, but it does mean that the proper respect must be shown to the Creator for making these resources available to them in the first place.
Hope you enjoyed the presentation.