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School Counselors Make a World of a Difference

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Jasmine Jenkins

on 15 October 2013

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Transcript of School Counselors Make a World of a Difference

School Counselors Make a World of a Difference!
Historical Background
School counseling first began as vocational counseling
Usually teachers who took on extra duties to assist students
1920-1930: began to emphasize social, personal, and educational needs of a student's life
The Current State of this Area
The Current State of this Area
Requirements for Attaining Certification
Resources for Career Searches
Jenny A., Jasmine J., Janna S., Tricia W., Kristen Y.

Current Job Market: Bittersweet
Assuming Year 2 School Counseling track
Stage 4 equivalent (highest)
* National Association of State Directors of Teacher Education & Certification
Basic skills test
K-6 / 7-12 Educational Specialist Certificate
every 5 yrs

6 credits /
180 hrs /
(NASDTEC Information, 2013)
Developmental Needs
Individual Counseling
Group Counseling
Case Management
Connecting to Resources
Not just about the students!
Budget Cuts
Teachers vs. School Counselors
Large Case Loads
School Policies
Interviews with local school counselors
US News & World Report
National Board for Certified Counselors
National Board for Professional Teaching Standards
Pennsylvania Department of Education
Multiple Relationships
4.8% vs. 7.3%


In 1958 the National Defense Education Act (NDEA) was enacted
Funding for education at all levels
Primary focus:
Foreign languages
Also provided aid in counseling and guidance
1957: Russia first launched the first spacecraft, Sputnik
USA thought they were losing the "race to space"
Congress created funding for technical and scientific fields
Placed counselors in schools to channel students into math and science courses
Colleges and universities interested in establishing and growing "Counselor Education programs."
Shifting of focus:
Career >>> Academic/Personal/Social
Legislative support and an amendment to the NDEA provided funds for training and hiring school counselors with an elementary emphasis
Brought counseling theories to the field (Gestalt, existential, behavioral)
The American School Counselor Association (ASCA) was formed
International nonprofit organization
"Focuses on the needs of the counselors as voiced by the counselors"
Developed the professional identity of the school counselor
Emphasis on:
Accountability of services provided by elementary school counselors
Training standards
Benefits that could be obtained with structured evaluations
Elementary and middle school students with disabilities
Provide support
Adapt educational environment to each student's needs
Individualized education plans (IEP)
Differentiated learning
Student study teams (SST)
Early identification and intervention of children’s academic and personal/social needs is essential
Removes barriers to learning and in promoting academic achievement.
Psychoed groups
Preventive vs. Reactive
Sets a strong foundation for future success
Elementary Counseling
Students are forming academic self-concept and their feelings of competence and confidence as learners
Decision-making skills
Communication skills
Life skills
Character values
Middle school counseling
Exciting yet challenging time for students, parents, and teachers
Childhood >>> Adolescence
Characterized by need to:
Explore many interests
Connect classroom learning to practical application in life/work
Search for unique identity
Turns to peers for for understanding, affirmation, and approval
"The highest-earning counselors generally work in elementary and secondary schools, although some choose college counseling. The top earners live in the metropolitan areas of California and New York."
School Counselor in the Hospital Setting Vs. Regular Schools
- Clients have severe mental health issues and have been removed for the regular school setting.
-The clients issues are given intense attention and therapy.
"My biggest challenge is time management. In the mental health setting there is a large amount of documentation that is required. Of course you want to provide the best care, but you must also document every time that you have contact with a client."
-Helping clients work through their daily concerns
-Achieve short term and long term goals
- Seeing breakthroughs and epiphanies.

"Help them to see the change."
Favorite Parts of the Job
* Meet with a career advisor
- Sharon Fleshman or John Tuton (215-898-4381)
fleshman@upenn.edu ; jftuton@upenn.edu
- Walk-in Hours: Tuesdays from 1:30-2:30 pm
* Take advantage of opportunities on the website: www.vpul.upenn.edu/careerservices
- Sign up for an email distribution list.
- Check for events on the Master's Calendar.
* Attend a Career Fair.
- PACNet
- Professional Associations
- Personal connections while at Penn
- Penn Alumni LinkedIn Groups
Gimme More!
What else can you offer to the school district?
Sports coach?
Club coordinator?
Community connection?

Be as accessible as possible!

Master's (counseling)
3 yrs experience
Master's (school counseling)
3 yrs experience
New Mexico
New York
N. Carolina
S. Dakota
(Types of Certification in Pennsylvania, 2013)
Generally, elementary and middle school counselors have similar roles
Sometimes middle school counselors could have additional responsibilities:
Class scheduling
High school transition
Full transcript