Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM

Copy

Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.

DeleteCancel

Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks

The Roman and United States goverment branches

No description
by

Riley Noth

on 28 August 2014

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of The Roman and United States goverment branches

Roman Government vs. U.S. Government

In many ways, the Roman Republic was very similar to the way the United States government is organized today. The main similarities are the three branches of government.
The United States Republic
The Founding Fathers of The United States borrowed some of the elements of government from Rome, yet developed and added quite a few innovations. Unlike Rome, checks and balances came from the workings of three areas of government: a President, who was responsible for the jobs of Commander in Chief of the military, could appoint ambassadors to conduct foreign policy, and could propose laws to the Legislative Branch; the Legislative Branch has two parts, including both a Senate, whose members are elected for six year terms, and a House of Representatives, whose members are elected for two year terms. Both houses need to agree on a law before it is sent to the President for signature. Finally, they created an independent Judiciary known as the Supreme Court whose job it was to ensure that laws passed by the Legislature were consistent with the U.S. Constitution.

Which Is Better?
The Roman government, though advanced for its time, was prone to corruption and instability. The Senate would usually have more power over the Executive branch and there was very little independence among the branches of government, which tended to be heavily influenced by dominant political faction. The United States distributes its power relatively evenly. Because each state has both local representatives, and representatives in Washington, it helps promote the interests of the people in way that Romans did not. The American Republic is a lot more evolved and refined then the Romans' version.

Government Differences
Dictators: When catastrophe struck, the Republic could appoint a dictator, however a dictator's power only lasted 6 months. They were appointed by the Consuls and then elected by the Senates.

Why Should We Know This?
This history is worth knowing because if you have this knowledge it will help you understand the differences between Roman and America Republic's. Knowing more about the differences of these government's will help us understand what we did to improve the democratic system. It will also help us understand why our government is the way it is.
How has it effected our Nation Today?
Without the Roman government, our world would be nothing like it is. Our freedom, rights, and way of life are shaped by our government. Thanks to the Romans idea of splitting the power, we were able to create a government based on equality.
Government Similarities
Even though we have the same branches there are still differences on how they are run.
The Roman Republic
In many ways, the Roman Republic was very similar to the way the United States government is organized today. There are three clear divisions of power, as you will see below.
Executive Branch
Consuls: Elected by an assembly, they ruled as chief executives for one year. Consuls controlled the military as well.
Executive Branch
Rome
Headed by the president. The president carries out federal laws and recommends new ones, directs national defense and foreign policy, and conducts ceremonies. Powers include directing government, commanding the Armed Forces, dealing with international powers, acting as chief law enforcement officer, and vetoing laws.

America
Legislative Branch
Centuriate assembly: A group of citizen soldiers that are members for life. They elect consuls and make laws.
Tribal assembly: Citizens are put into groups depending on where they live they are also members for life. Tribal assembly members elect tribunes.
Presidents: We elect a president because we can't run a country as 100's of people but just under the rule of one . We elect one president for every 4 year unless death occurs.
Senate: 300 people ruled as Senate. They were chosen by aristocrats and they reigned over foreign affairs and financial policies.
Legislative Branch
Praetors: Eight judges were chosen by the Centuriate assembly to judge for a year. Two of the eight judges supervise civil court and criminal court.
Judicial Branch
Headed by Congress, which includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. Their job is to make the laws. Its powers include passing laws, creating spending bills (House), impeaching officials (Senate), and approving treaties (Senate).


Hailey McGuire, Alex Helbling and Riley Noth
Rome
America
Rome started as a monarchy and developed into a democracy. Rome started out doing fine with a democracy but peace eventually turned into war
America started in Europe which was a monarchy but when coming over to North America developed into a democracy
Legislative Branch
-Senate: 300 people ruled as Senate. They were chosen by aristocrats and they reigned over foreign affairs and financial policies.
-Centuriate assembly: A group of citizen soldiers that are members for life. They elect consuls and make laws.
Tribal assembly: Citizens are put into groups depending on where they live they are also members for life. Tribal assembly members elect tribunes.

Judicial Branch
Headed by the Supreme Court. Its powers includes understanding the Constitution, reviewing laws, and deciding cases involving rights.
Full transcript