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Welcome to Ghana

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Erika White

on 16 November 2012

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Transcript of Welcome to Ghana

General Information Country name: Ghana
Capital city: Accra
Currency: Cedi
Official languages: Asante 14.8%, Ewe 12.7%, Fante 9.9%, Boron (Brong) 4.6%, Dagomba 4.3%, Dangme 4.3%, Dagarte (Dagaba) 3.7%, Akyem 3.4%, Ga 3.4%, Akuapem 2.9%, other (includes English (official)) 36.1% (2000 census) Size of population: 25,241,998 (July 2012 est.)
Annual rate of population growth: 1.787%
Main natural resources: gold, cocoa, timber, industrial diamonds, bauxite, manganese, fish, rubber, hydropower, petroleum, silver, salt, limestone
Date of independence: March 1957
Became a republic: July 1960
Date Constitution was approved: April 28th, 1992 Brief history:
During the Medieval time period Ghana was called Wagadugu
1482-1642 Portuguese Colony: Portuguese Gold Coast. Portuguese seceded the colony to the Dutch.
1642-1872 Dutch Colony (Portion of Modern day Ghana): Dutch Gold Coast. The dutch seceded to the British.
1872-1957 British Colony (Now Modern Day Ghana): Gold Coast. Was the first sub-Saharan nation to gain independence. Independence movement was led by Kwame Nhrumah, who was the first President.
Political system: Constitutional Democracy. A constitutional democracy is a government that is democratic in its provisions for majority influence through elections and is constitutional in its provisions for minority rights and rule by law. Economic Profile Most recent GDP/GNP figure in market currency rates: GDP (current US$) $74.77 billion in 2011
Per capita GDP: $3,100 (2011 est.)
Average rate of economic growth/debt: GDP real growth rate was 13.5% (2011 est.The external debt is 7.5 billion.)
Recent rate of inflation: 12.5% (2011 est.) Economy continued Environmental conditions and policies: Land Degradation, Coastal erosion, water and air pollution, poor waste management. Recurrent drought in north severely affects agricultural activities; deforestation; overgrazing; soil erosion; poaching and habitat destruction threatens wildlife populations; water pollution; inadequate supplies of potable water
Deforestation (legal or illegal logging) & reforestation program, if any: Timber exploitation, Shifting cultivation, Bushfires. Annual allowable cut quantity. Gross Imports/ Exports: Social & Current Phenomena Presence & extend of drug trade: Ghana has for quite some time been part of the drug trade. The UN says that Ghana along with Guinea-Bissau are the major hubs of cocaine smuggling within the region. In March of 2012 Ghana and United States of America (USA) have renewed their resolve to jointly fight drug trafficking, money laundering, piracy, terrorism and other forms of cross-border crimes.
Extent of child labor: The Ghana Child Labour Survey (2003) informs that of about 6.36 million Ghanaian children between 5-17 years, representing 2.47 per cent (half being rural children and one-fifth, urban ones), over 88 per cent of them work as unpaid labourers in the fishing, agriculture, mining, quarrying, truck-push, domestic work, commercial sex and hawking enterprises. Literacy rates by gender: 82.7%(Male); 67.1% (Female)
Child mortality: 74 deaths per 1,000 children under age five - 2010
Poverty rate (% of population): 28.5% as of 2007
Life expectancy: 61 years of age
Death rate: About 6,000 people a year Ivy Gopaul
Erika White -In order to restore the countries deficit, increasing productivity in exports will help to alleviate the debt -In 2011, many Ghanians lived off of $1.25
-Also, the unemployment rate is at 11% as of July 2012 What is the problem? -Illegal mining
-under-aged miners
-under payed workers How can this be solved? Exports: $12.75 billion
Cocoa , Minerals (Gold, Diamond, Manganese, etc.) Timber and Wood Products, Aluminum Products, Pineapples, Tuna, Prepared or Preserved Fish.
Imports: $15.32 billion
Plant, Machinery and spare parts, petroleum products, raw materials and other intermediate goods How do the citizens feel about the government? Nation(s): Akan
Mande-Busanga Per cent of relevant age group who attend: primary, secondary, & tertiary: Primary-101% gross enrollment Secondary-40% net enrollment. Tertiary-7% gross enrollment Prevalence of major diseases (AIDS, HIV, malaria, etc.): AIDS, HIV, Malaria, Typhoid fever, Hepatitis A, Bacterial or Protozoal diarrhea, rabies, meningococcal meningitis, schistosomiasis.
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