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Breast Cancer

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Madeleine Whitetsone

on 19 March 2014

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Transcript of Breast Cancer

Breast Cancer
Causes
Types of breast
Cancer
Tests that are used to diagnose Breast cancer
3 Main ways:
Public Health initiatives
How can we prevent Breast cancer?
- Workout regularly and keep a healthy body
- Limit weight gain by eating healthy
- Limit alcohol intake
- Frequently get your breasts checked (especially if you or your family has a history of breast cancer or if your over 50)
-Reduce your stress
- For women at risk, drugs are available to lower the risk
- Women at extremely high risk can get a Mastectomy
The Disease
Prevention
Diagnosis
and Treatment
Sources
What it does
Signs
and symptoms
Who is affected
Men's breast Cancer
-"About Us." About Breast Cancer. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.cbcf.org/ontario/AboutBreastCancerMain/Pages/default.aspx>.
-"What Is Breast Cancer?" Breastcancer.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.breastcancer.org/symptoms/understand_bc/what_is_bc>.
-Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/37136.php>.
Armpit pain ( not related to menstrual cycle
Rash around or on the nipple
swelling in the armpit or
breast area
Size or shape of breast changes
-"Breast Cancer Causes/Risks: Genetics, Hormones, Diet, & More." WebMD. WebMD, n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://www.webmd.com/breast-cancer/guide/what-causes-breast-cancer>.
mainly ages 59-69
Mainly women
more people of non-hispanic
white decent
-Getting older
-Dense breast tissue
nipple becomes
sunken or inverted
Red skin in
the breast area
-"Cancer: What You Need to Know." HowStuffWorks. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://health.howstuffworks.com/diseases-conditions/cancer/facts/cancer.htm>.
Breast cancer develops when there is a mutation in the cells in your breast ducts or lobules which causes them to uncontrollably expand very quickly.

As the group of cells grows they become a tumour and can eventually grow to become cancer as the cell continues to mutate.

The cells then invade tissue nearby and they can start to spread to other parts of the body through the circulatory system.

The problem with these cancerous cells is that they starve other properly functioning cells. When it spreads to other parts of your body it can limit the functioning of vital organs and wastes all of your body's energy.
Breast cancer in men is uncommon it can happen. Men also have breast tissue therefore it is possible for them to develop it. there is a much smaller likleyhood in men because their breast duct cells are less developed than womens.
-"What Is Breast Cancer in Men?" What Is Breast Cancer in Men? N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancerinmen/detailedguide/breast-cancer-in-men-what-is-breast-cancer-in-men>.
Invasive lobular carcinoma (ILC)
Invasive lobular carcinoma starts in the cell that line the milk gland (otherwise knowen as the lobules). As the cancer grows it can start to spread to nearby tissues such as the lymph nodes. This is an uncommon type of breast cancer, it is found in around 10% of invasive breast cancers.
Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)
Abnormal cell growth starts in the cells lining the ducts. They have not grown through the the duct wall so the cancer cannot spread. It is a non-invasive type of breast cancer so there are low rates of death at this stage.
Invasive ductal carcinoma (IDC)
Invasive ductal carcinoma starts in the cells lining a duct and breaks through the wall of the duct spreading to the breast tissue. As it grows it can spread to nearby lymph nodes and other body parts. Invasive ductal carcinoma is the most common type of breast cancer.
Inflammatory breast
cancer (IBC)
This is a very uncommon type of breast cancer and can be very hard to detect, it can be mistaken for an infection and there is no defined lump in its early stages. since its so hard to catch early it can spread fast and make it harder to eliminate.
Breast self-exam (check yourself for any signs of breast cancer)

Clinical Breast exam (a doctor checks you for any signs of breast cancer)

Mammogram (a special type of x-ray to find abnormal growth)
Other ways:
-Breast ultrasound
-breast MRI
-Breast biopsy
-Sentinel Node Biopsy
Medical imaging technologies used to detect breast cancer
MRI:
Ultrasound:
Biopsy:
Mammogram:
used to detect and evaluate changes in the breast. they do not expose the breast to much radiation.
A mammogram is a special type of x-ray
An MRI is a type of test that uses a magnetic
field to create pictures of structures inside the body. it sends pulses of radio wave energy and translates the result into images
An ultra sound is a device that uses high frequency
sound waves to create images of your internal organs and translate
-Medical News Today. MediLexicon International, n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.medicalnewstoday.com/articles/245491.php>.
A biopsy is a sample of tissue taken to be examined.
What might future treatment look like?
Breast cancer myths
-"The Future of Breast Cancer Treatment." University of Pennsylvania Health System, n.d. Web. 5 Mar. 2014. <http://penn-medicine-focus-on-cancer.blogspot.ca/2012/01/future-of-breast-cancer-treatment.html>.
The future for breast cancer treatment looks bright for cancer patients. We will likely see a decline in chemotherapy and specialized treatment will take over. These drugs will target only the cancer cells and not harm the normal ones preventing the side effects of chemotherapy. The University of Penn predicts that Tomograms will replace mammograms as the primary way to detect Breast Cancer.
-"What`s New in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment?" What's New in Breast Cancer Research and Treatment? N.p., n.d. Web. 5 Mar. 2014. <http://www.cancer.org/cancer/breastcancer/detailedguide/breast-cancer-new-research>.
Wearing an underwire bra
causes breast cancer
Using a cell phone
causes breast cancer
Antiperspirants/Deodorants
can cause breast cancer
Small-breasted women
have less chance of getting
breast cancer.
Caffeine causes breast cancer.
-"Myth: Caffeine Causes Breast Cancer." - 25 Breast Cancer Myths Busted. N.p., n.d. Web. 1 Mar. 2014. <http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0%2C%2C20533364_12%2C00.html>.
Myth
myth
myth
myth
There is no reaserch that shows that wearing an underwire bra
causes breast cancer or increases your risk of getting it.
some studies have showen that the radiofrequency fields may cause
cancer but as of now there is no link between breast cancer and cellphone use.
Many studies have been conducted to see if there is a correlation
between antiperspirants/deodorants and breast cancer and no conclusive evidence has been found.
Large breasts may be harder to examine than small ones but there is no difference in the risk of getting breast cancer
No connection has been found between caffine intake and breast cancer.
- All images are courtesy of google images
Vocabulary
1.
Lobules
: a part of the breast that carry the breast milk (otherwise known as milk ducts)
2.
Invasive cancer
: is when the cancer spreads
3.
Non-Invasive cancer
: is when the cancer stays within the milk ducts and does not spread
4.
Mastectomy
: An operation to remove all parts of the breast
5.
Tomography
: a technique for seeing interior parts of the human body
6.
Lymph nodes
: a mass of tissue in a lymphatic gland
-"Treatment & Side Effects." Breastcancer.org. N.p., n.d. Web. 2 Mar. 2014. <http://www.breastcancer.org/treatment>.
Treatment
Hormonal therapy:
Hormonal therapy block or reduces estrogen in the body to help reduce the growth of cancer.
Side effects
of common types of hormone therapy are fatigue, hot flashes, bone or joint pain, and headaches
-Early periods, late
menopause (estrogen
exposure)
genetics (BRCA1, BRCA2 or TP53)
tall people
There are many campaigns and initiatives out there to raise awareness about breast cancer and they are quite sucessful. here are some of the most popular ones
the Run for the cure is run that thousands pf people participate in every year. many cities participate in the run including Toronto. The purpose of the event is to raise money for breast cancer in a fun way.
the pink ribbon is a universally recognized symbol for breast cancer. This Campaign has been in operation since 1997 and its main goal is to raise awareness.
The i love boobies campaign has been running since 2005 and its goal is to raise awareness on how to detect breast cancer and raise money for breast cancer research. they do this through selling clothing and accessories with their distinct logo.
October has been officially declared breast cancer awareness month by the and is full of events to raise awareness and raise money to the disease. This event is participated in across the world and has been going since 1985.
8.
Oncologist
: a doctor who specializes in the study and care of cancer patients.
9.
BRCA1 and BRCA2
: these are genes are found in chromosome 17 and 13 and when mutated they can cause breast cancer.
10.
Remission
: when all of the signs and symptoms of cancer have decreased or disappeared.
7.
TP53
: is a gene found in chromosome 17 and is responsible for producing a protein called tumour protein which suppresses tumours, when mutated the cell is incapable of defending itself from tumours.
obesity
family history of
breast cancer
Radiation to chest
personal
history of
breast cancer
breast implants
Alcohol consumption
skin dimpling
body fluid
(like blood) coming
out of nipple
lump in
the breast
Skin peels
or flakes
Surgery:
Treatment
there are some surgery's that are possible to do to remove the part of the breast that has the cancer helping eliminate it. (surgery's such as lumpectomy, mastectomy, and lymph node dissection)
The side effects
of having a surgery are that you would be removing your breast and it creates fatigue because you would be removing some of the muscle.
Radiation therapy:
Treatment
radiation therapy targets cancer cells by sending them high doses of radiation in attempt to kill them. it does this by breaking a piece of the DNA molecule to keep it from growing and dividing.
Side effects
of radiation are that it can harm your skin, it can make you tired, it can cause heart problems and chest pain.
Chemotherapy:
Treatment
Chemotherapy is medicine targeted to eliminate the cells that cause cancer growth, there are many different types and combinations of chemotherapy used to specifically target different types of cancer. there are many side effects of chemotherapy some of the most common
side effects
are hair loss and changes, memory loss, nausea, weight changes and fatigue.
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