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Gender Roles in Pre and Post Colonial Nigeria

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Mandarin Foster

on 4 November 2014

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Transcript of Gender Roles in Pre and Post Colonial Nigeria

Gender Roles in Pre and Post Colonial Nigeria
Mandarin Foster
MaxinKondratenko
Charlie Johnson
Rachel Tomas

Gender roles of men
Attitude Towards women
Treatment of women
Domestic violence
Women now wear a loose scarf around their heads, a nice blouse, and a long skirt.
Women still do elaborate designs with their hair, as the characters in Things fall Apart are depicted.
Women today are most attractive when heavier set
Dating is now done like most westerners invision dating
Bride price stays consistent in many of the northern cultures, however,
Polygamy is still practiced in much of Nigeria
Family Structure
1/5 of the workforce is female
Children are quiet and reserved/respectful to their adults.
Visiting

Gender Role of Women (Mandarin)
In the precolonial era, social and economic activites were greatly impacted by women.
Change in Gender Roles
Different Gender Roles
Why Are Gender Roles Different?
A Quick Video
Add text here
For most festivals women wear elaborate headdresses
They still value titles, most sought after, chief
In Igbo culture the youngest present breaks the Kola Nut
A very powerful symbol in their culture.
Population is 174, 507,539 people
18% of which are igbo
Median life expectancy for females is 18 years old versus the male’s at 17 years.
"I even heard that in some tribes a man's children belong to his wife and her family."
"All their customs are upside-down."
"But what is good in one place is bad in another place."
Page 64 -
Things Fall Apart
by Chinua Achebe
www.stratfor.com/sites/default/files/main/images/Nigeria_ethnic_v3.jpg
Cell Phones. 2006. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2014. Web. 3 Nov 2014.
Shows how even though they have added in modrn technology, many people still stick to their roots. (Clothing)
Traditional Women's Clothing. 2008. Photograph. Collection of CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2014. Web.
Many women keep their traditional clothing which allows them to keep in touch with their roots. Still enjoy their culture.
Women were in control of food processing, pottery making, mat weaving, and cooking
Division of labor was along gender lines
Women Were Central to trade
The most successful women achieved the title of iyalode
Responsibilities
Leaving the house and becoming independant
Well being of the family
Household chores
-Literature depicted women more powerless than they actually were

A woman's ability to control resources was an excersise of public power
Women voiced their opinions on political matters and were considered important
In postcolonial Nigerian culture, the role of the woman diminished in importance.
Precolonial
The position of female chiefs declined in importance
Postcolonial
Women forced to produce substinence crops while men dominated the rubber, cocoa, groundnuts, and palm oil industry
Western style education favored boys over girls
New occupations that were introduced by colonialism exuded women.
Because of formal education, women try to emerge and obtain high ranking jobs in Nigeria
http://www.google.com/url?sa=i&rct=j&q=nigerian+male+and+female+fighting&source=images&cd=&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0CAcQjRw&url=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.slate.com%2Fblogs%2Fbehold%2F2014%2F06%2F11%2Fjane_hahn_documenting_dambe_boxing_in_nigeria_photos.html&ei=i-BXVI7UC4z2yQSS4oKgDw&bvm=bv.78677474,d.aWw&psig=AFQjCNHimlCw7Ay0TCPQHSkjfZVwIt5cBg&ust=1415131523995661
Fact
Before and shortly after colonization men were the only ones allowed to have a presence in the legal system
Music in the Village. Prod. CultureGrams. ProQuest, 2008. Video clip. Web. 3 Nov 2014.
Quote
"He worshipped them with sacrifices of kola nut, food, and palm-wine, and offered prayers to them on behalf of himself, his three wives and eight children"

Adewaziri, Oluchucks. "Nigerian Men Win Right Not to Wear Same Outfit as Their Wives." Wazobia Report. Web. 3 Nov. 2014.
Full transcript