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The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

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by

Erizka Thezissilent

on 11 April 2014

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Transcript of The Palestinian-Israeli Conflict

THE

P
A
L
E
S
T
I
N
I
A
N
-
I
S
R
A
E
L
I

CONFLICT
?
"
Israel came into being by making another country cease to be.
"
"
How can we return the occupied territories? There is nobody to return them to.
"
What's the problem of Palestine?
Both
J
e
w
s
and
A
r
a
b
s
claim the right to control and live in a small territory traditionally known as Palestine.
The Jewish Claim
The Old Testament is the story of the struggles of the Jews to survive and their longing for the promised land in Palestine. They settled there in about 1200 B.C.. Problems arose in 586 B.C. (Babylonians) and in 70 A.D. (Romans). In 135 AD, under the direction of the Romans,they were forbidden to assemble for prayer or visit Jerusalem again. For the next 18 centuries they were a people without a homeland,dispersed throughout the world (diaspora). Their recurring goal was simple: "next year in Jerusalem"
The Arab Claim
In the 7th century A.D., Palestine was taken over by Arabs as they spread their religion through the Middle East and North Africa. Jerusalem, and more specifically, the Dome of the Rock became a sacred place for them.
2000 BC
Abraham is tested by God
From Abraham's son
Isaac
came the
J
e
w
i
s
h
race, and from Abraham's other son
Ishmael
came the
A
r
a
b
s
.
1725 BC
The
Hebrews
leave their homeland due to the famine and arrived to Egypt,

only to become enslaved for the next 500 years.
1225 BC
After freeing
his people
, Moses receives the Ten Commandments from God at Mt. Sinai in the Sinai Desert
1025-965 BC
The kingdom of
I
s
r
a
e
l
is created under the leadership of three kings named Saul,

David and Solomon

586 BC
Babylonians conquer the
Hebrews
, sparking the beginnings of the
diaspora*
*The term “diaspora” is used to refer to the dispersion of religious or ethnic groups from their homelands, either forced or voluntary.
SOURCE: http://www.wisegeek.com/what-is-a-diaspora.htm
509-49 BC
Ancient Roman Republic
4 AD
The birth of Jesus
31 BC-180 AD
Pax Romana
the terms of peace imposed by ancient Rome on its dominions.
SOURCE: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/Pax+Romana
70 AD
The Romans conquer
I
s
r
a
e
l
and destroy the Temple. But the Western Wall of the temple mount remained

135 AD
The final
J
e
w
i
s
h
revolt is put down. The diaspora is in full effect
313 AD
Constantine recognizes
Christianity
400 AD
Rome adopts
Christianity
570
Muhammad is born
630 - 1280
A
r
a
b
control over
Islam
691
The Dome of the Rock is built in Jerusalem
1099
Crusaders conquer Jerusalem and attempt to set up a Christian kingdom
1880s
The birth of
Zionism
1516
Ottoman take control of Jerusalem
1280
The Ottoman Empire emerges
Ottoman Empire control over
Islam
The Zionist Movement
It focused on attaining a
Jewish
majority in Palestine and to acquire statehood.

Chaim Weizmann was the president of the World Zionist Organization and he had many demands before the Paris Peace conference in February 1919.

He expected 70,000 to 80,000
Jewish
immigrants to arrive each year in Palestine.

Weizmann also believed that when the
Jews
would become a majority,they would form an independent government and Palestine would become a
Jewish
area.
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