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Captain George Vancouver
Transcript of Captain George Vancouver
Excess Information (continued)
The Nootka Voyage marked the unofficial beginnings of British Imperialism.
British Imperialism was a 70-year period which sought to expand Britain's acquisition of raw materials to fuel industry as well as exploiting native peoples.
Vancouver's competent hydrography greatly deflated the geographic theorists of the late eighteenth-century.
His astronomical observations greatly advanced the science of navigation.
The voyage also further established British domination in New Zealand.
Captain George Vancouver was a Royal British naval Officer most famous for his voyage to the Pacific Northwest.
The voyage was to Nootka sound, originally to take back land from Spain.
The motivation for the voyage was mainly to explore and ascertain Britain's potential power should they control Nootka.
He did not receive the ships Discovery and Chatham until 1791.
Vancouver visited Cape of Good Hope, Hawaii, and the southern Pacific before reaching Nootka in 1791.
The Nootka Voyage assisted with removing Spain as a threat to England.
As a result a treaty was inadvertently formed between England and Spain as well as preventing a war.
Vancouver was one of the only European diplomats to be kind to the Native Americans at Nootka.
Vancouver also honored British political figures by naming places in the Northwest after them.
Spain agreed to pay $210,000 to parties interested for settling Britain's losses at Nootka.
Vancouver named many locations in Washington State including Mt. St. Helens, Mt. Rainier, Mt. Baker, Puget Sound, Discovery Bay, Discovery Island, Vashon Island, Port Townsend, Hood's Canal, Marrowstone Point, and Restoration Point.
Three specific places were named after British political figures which include Mount St. Helens named after Alleyne Fitzherbert 1st Baron, Mount Baker named after Joseph Baker, and Puget sound named after Peter Puget.
Despite being experienced, Vancouver failed to find the Columbia River.
He has several places named after him mainly Vancouver, WA, Vancouver, Canada, and Mount Vancouver in New Zealand.
The voyage assisted in the unification of the Hawaiian Islands.
Vancouver was stalked by a discharged sailor once he returned from Nootka.
This sailor then proceeded to challenge Vancouver to a duel and when Vancouver declined, the sailor attacked him on a street corner.
Vancouver's exploits were almost completely forgotten by the year 1803.
His journals from 1790-1795 were published.
Vancouver died of an unknown cause on May 12, 1798.