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Homeless Youth

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Kaitlyn Vienneau

on 25 March 2015

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Transcript of Homeless Youth

Homeless Youth
Campaigns
Raising the Roof is an organization working towards ending homelessness and youth homelessness in Canada. These are the values they believe in:
Respect and Dignity- We believe that everyone has the right to be met with compassion, accepted without discrimination, and treated with respect and dignity.

Diversity and Inclusion- We embrace diversity and inclusion, encouraging everyone to contribute to solutions to homelessness in positive and meaningful ways.

Partnership and Collaboration- We believe that we can accomplish more when we work in partnership and collaboration, sharing knowledge, expertise and resources.

Integrity- We are ethical and accountable in our decision-making, open and honest in our communications ("Raising the Roof", 2009).


The perception we get from the media on homeless individuals when they are shown on television greatly impacts societies view on the community.

The media tends to draw awareness and a positive light on this community when these individuals experience severe violence or die from things such as environmental factors.
FOR EXAMPLE:
- Cold weather alerts where the homeless are called in for shelter
Campaign for Potential- This campaign is to bring awareness for youths that are homeless and have potential. Even though people don’t view homeless youth going anywhere in life, this campaign is to change the publics stereotyping and prejudice towards homeless youth and focus on where they can and want to go in the future.

Toque Campaign- Tuesday February 3, 2015 was the 18th annual toque campaign (Toque Tuesday). The toque campaign is where the public can purchase a toque for 10$ and the proceeds goes towards helping homeless people in cities and towns across Canada as well as raising the roofs national initiatives.

Social Issues Faced By Homeless Youth
Eva’s Initiatives is an organization for homeless and at risk youth. This organization helps youth with substance abuse, finishing school, learning life skills, sexual education and reconnecting with family ("Eva's Initiatives", 2015).


Being homeless is not something that some one chooses, Homelessness is caused due to many issues that is sometimes not with in a person's control.
Living on the streets, youth are faced with many issues such as:
Mental Health
Substance addictions
Criminal Activity
poverty
Mental Health
Studies have found that 30% of youth living on the streets suffer from mental health issues. Issues such as
Major Depressive Disorder
Post Traumatic Stress Disorder
Anxiety and self esteem issues.
34% of homeless youth have considered suicide
With no support and a lack of access to health and social services many homeless youth turn to drugs and alcohol as a form of self medication
Golf Classic- This campaign is to raise funds to help Eva provide safe shelter, training, counseling and programs. This is to help homeless youth in the GTA (16-24) reach their potential to lead a healthy life ("Eva's Initiatives", 2015).

Eva’s Place is just one of the three places in Eva's Initiatives. Eva's Place is a shelter with 32 beds. This home is for homeless youths to reconnect with their families and keeps youths out of the streets ("Eva's Initiatives", 2015).
Often referred to as "crackheads"

All homeless beg to receive things such as drugs and liquor

Thought to reside on the streets due to a lack of motivation

Are seen as dangerous or psychotic
Substance abuse and addictions
Poverty
Majority of cases in youth homelessness is triggered by family related issues. Many youth end up on the streets because :
Youth ran away or got kicked out their home
Living in an unstable housing situation
Youth was living in care and came of age
60% of homeless youth on the streest stay in and out of shelters.


Services and programs
How the media perceives the homeless
• A
2000
Vancouver study on youth homelessness found that
84%
of homeless Indigenous girls had experienced sexual abuse.

• In
2002
, children and youth accounted for
61%
of sexual assault cases reported to a subset of 94 police departments. Girls represented
79%
of those cases.


21%
of reported sexual assaults involve date-rape drugs, up from
12%
in
2003
.

• In
2007
Police reported that in
82%
of sexual assaults the victim knows the perpetrator.

• According to
2008
police-reported data, approximately
10%
of male victims and
1%
of female victims of dating violence involved same-sex relationships.
The media perceives the community of homeless youth in a specific light
The homeless are perceived to always be willing to trade or do certain things in order to receive money for drugs
The homeless are perceived to be weak
The homeless are perceived to be unsanitary and dirty.
Shelters
Outreach; is both a service available to them or who feel they would be stigmatized by accessing them in hopes that youth would become trusting enough to access services in the future
Support; social housing, welfare
Follow up & Long term support
Streets to Homes provides street outreach services that work to assist street-involved people to find and keep permanent housing. The Streets to Homes Assessment and Referral Centre in downtown Toronto is always open and provides clients with housing assistance, street respite and referrals to emergency shelter.

Our Street Outreach teams hit the streets armed with essentials: sandwiches, drinks, socks, T-shirts, underwear, toothbrushes and toothpaste. Teams are able to offer kids services offsite and deal with their most immediate needs. As they build trust, they encourage youth to come to our drop-in for additional support

Our Outreach serves homeless youth in the most desperate circumstances, with the least amount of support. They may be involved with prostitution or hard drug use, and most are struggling with critical mental health issues. Many regularly sleep outside
Covenant House
Youths without Shelter- Emergency residence and referral agency serving homeless youths from ages 16-24.
Covenant House- Operates to work in order to change youths from the street life to helping them build a future.
Eva's Initiatives- We provide shelter and programs to help youths build a healthy life.
Second Base Youth Shelter- This shelter provides 56 emergency beds and serves hot meal for youths aged 16-21.
• In Canada in
2003 alone
there was a
record total of 53, 459 reports of runaway children
. In 10 years this was a
24 percent increase.
Abuse in homes was a primary cause of this increase.

2006 Sexual Assault Rates by Province
More than 50% of youths living on the streets abuse drugs and alcohol, and
20% suffer from an addiction problem.
Many youth on the streets engage in sharing needles and pipes which puts them at a higher risk for HIV/AIDS, or hepatitis (Catie,2015)

Living on the streets is very rough and stressful, so many turn to drugs and alcohol as a coping mechanism, it gives them temporary relief from their situations.




Resources For Homeless Youth
How is the homeless youth represented in the media
Stereotypes
Misrepresented

Lazy/ Unmotivated - (Lack of employment)
Drug Abusers
Dirty
Beggars
Selfish- Only do what concerns their own survival
Alcoholics
Thief's
How Homeless Youth are
Objectified by the media
A Few Reasons why Youth May Leave Home.
Violence
this community has faced
Lack of Affordable Housing & Poverty
1987:
United Nations International Year of Shelter for the Homeless
Creation of document “Canadian Agenda for Action on Housing & Homelessness”
Sexual Orientation or Gender Identity
70% of youth have experienced some form of sexual, physical or emotional abuse. Many of the rest simply felt neglected.
40% of girls and 19% of boys left home because of sexual abuse.
Quality of Home
Your tongue like a sharp knife.. kills without drawing blood

- Buddha
46% of LGBTQ youth run away because of family rejection of sexual orientation or gender identity
Location of Homeless Population
It is estimated that there are at least 10,000 homeless youth in Toronto during any given year and as many as 2,000 on a given night.
If there is 10,000 Homeless youth in Toronto and only 2,000 on the street where do you think the others are
60% of street youth are staying in one of Toronto’s youth shelters.

25% staying in an apartment
(92% were staying with friends and "couch surfing")

As for the other 2,000
:
15% staying on the street of which 4% were living in squats, and 9% in parks, alleys, and doorways.
The Hidden Homeless
45.7% of street youth reported being attacked in the past year, as compared to 6.3% for their non-homeless peers.
(Beatings, Assault w/ Deadly Weapon, Shootings, Harassment etc.)

42% had been sexually assaulted or threatened with sexual assault
Survival Sex & Sexual Assault
52.8% reported being threatened with an attack
POVERTY & A SHORTAGE OF AFFORDABLE HOUSING

Lets go into the history of how this shortage came to be
Homeless Youth & the History pt.1
1980:
Urban planners, public health officials, social workers and related professionals were focused on rehousing people
1973:
National Housing Act; 20,000 affordable social housing units were made every year after.
1984:
Cutbacks in social housing and related programs started
1993:
Agenda for Action was ignored as Federal spending for construction of social housing was terminated
1996:
Federal powers fully removed themselves from low-income housing supply by transferring responsibility to provincial powers
Criminal Activity
Many homeless youth turn to crime as way of survival or a way of fitting in.

Youth may steal so that they can have food to eat,
they may break into a buildings or houses so that they can have a warm place to sleep
They may sell drugs or prostitute as away to create income.

Many homeless youth are also victims of violence,
those of the LGBTQ community are more vulnerable to sexual, physical and weapon related assault (Catie,2015)
Kaitlyn Vienneau
History of Sexual Abuse
Tacara Williams
Full transcript