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The 13 colonies participatory government + religious freedom.
Transcript of The 13 colonies participatory government + religious freedom.
argued between where Pennsylvania
ended and Maryland started. They hired two men to decide the border Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon and the line became known as the Mason-Dixon line. Later on Maryland turned into a royal colony and established an official protestant church. King Charles created a proprietary colony south of Virginia called Carolina Latin for Charles's land. Carolina did not go and split up into North and South Carolina. North Carolina was a good place for crops. Since it lacked a port they used Virginia's ports. Tobacco, indigo, and rice were three major crops in these colony's. Only North Carolina grew Tobacco and most rice was grown in South Carolina. South Carolina also grew more Indigo Eliza Lucas developed Indigo. Georgia Georgia Was the Last British colony set up. Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe. Alot of people came
but not many settled. The ones that settled did not like the rules. The rules were limits on landholding and bans on slave trade and rum. One day Oglethorpe turned the colony over to the King. Great Britain had lined the atlantic coast with colonies. That group of land was bigger than the whole Great Britain itself. New York New York at first was not under England's control.The Netherlands had control of New York and it was doing well Under the Netherlands control it was called New Netherlands. There biggest city New Amsterdam is present day New York City!!! There success did not go unnoticed, Great Britain saw the success and wanted New Netherlands. They sent an army to claim it and governor Peter Stuyvesant gave it up without a fight. King Charles gave it to his brother the Duke of York who renamed it New York New york was a proprietary colony for a long time until they elected goverment representatives later on. New York had a diverse population and was growing fast. The first Jews to settle in North America settled here. New Jersey The Duke of york decided to divide his colony. He gave the land between the Hudson and Delaware. The two proprietors were sir George Carteret and Lord John Burkley. they named the colony New jersey after the English channel island Jersey where Carteret was born. To get settlers they offered land, religious freedom, trial by jury, and a representative assembly. New Jersey also had a diverse population. Since new Jersey had no natural harbors it did not develop a major city. Both proprietors eventually sold their shares and New Jersey became a royal colony with local laws. Pennsylvania Pennsylvania was given to William Penn for the debt England had to William's father. Penn was a Quaker and this was the perfect opportunity to put his beliefs into action. Part of being a Quaker is being a pacifist. Which is somebody who refuses to fight in wars. Penn was the one who created Philadelphia city of brotherly love. Penn was a proprietor. He beleived some of the land belonged to the Natives and Settlers should pay for the land. He made many treaties with the Native Americans. Philadelphia quickly became a major city and its most popular port. People also started to settle in Southern Pennsylvania and Penn let them form their own legislature which became the colony of Delaware but it remained under Pennsylvania's governor. Determine the roles of religious freedom and participatory government in the thirteen colonies. Start video at 26 sec andStop video at 5 min 14 sec or earleir. This video explains why the colony was founded or an important fact about them.