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The 13 colonies participatory government + religious freedom.

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Zach add

on 1 February 2013

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Transcript of The 13 colonies participatory government + religious freedom.

Connecticut Rhode Island New Hampshire The Carolina s Video on the original movement for religious tolerance in some of the first made colonies. Massachusetts Was named after a tribe of Indians The pilgrims who arrived here came for religious purposes. So many people came it became known as the Great Migration. Coming over to America when the ship got of course they signed a Document called the May Flower Compact. They received a royal charter to establish a colony north of Plymouth with John Winthrop as governor. At first Winthrop and assistants made the law then people voted for government. You had to be an adult church member to vote. Later you had to own property also. The puritans also came to Massachusetts. They had little religious tolerance. This made people form new colonies. Had great farmland near the Connecticut River Valley. The group was lead by Massachusetts minister Thomas Hooker. He led his congregation to the Connecticut River Valley where he founded the town Hartford. Thomas did not like how Winthrop and other Puritans lead the colony of Massachusetts. Towns were formed near Hartford and it created the colony known as Connecticut. They made a plan of government called The Fundamental Orders of America. This was the first written constitution in America and it described the organization of representative government in specific details. Minister Roger Williams founded the colony of Rhode Island. Roger believed that government should not force people into worship methods and believed it was wrong for settlers to take land away from the Native Americans. Roger was forced by Massachusetts leaders to leave. Roger gained comfort with a native american tribe and they sold land which he turned into the town Providence. Rhode Island became the first place in America where people of all faiths could worship freely. John Wheelright founded the colony of New Hampshire which later became an independent colony. He and a group of dissidents went on and found the town in New Hampshire called Exeter. As far as Agriculture goes New Hampsire produced lumber, furs, and fish. New Hampsire was the second largest of the Northern Colonies but was no where near the size of Massachusetts. Virginia The first made colony; the same colony the pilgrims tried to come to. Bought African slaves to do work for tobacco's high demand. Indentured survents also did work to pay of their debt. The difference is after their debt was worked off indentured survents were free. England shipped prisoners and criminals to Virginia to do work. They could earn their freedom by working. There time was about seven years. Jamestown was the first town in America. The Virginia company found it until the colony became royal. Maryland George Calvert had a dream and it came true a colony for Catholics. Although he dreamed it would be a place for christians it was tolerant with all religion. Calvert died but his son recieved the land and named the colony Maryland. Maryland was a proprietary colony. Cecilius (Calvert's son) gave lots of land to English aristocrats and smaller pieces of land to other settlers.amilies For years the Calvert and Penn
argued between where Pennsylvania
ended and Maryland started. They hired two men to decide the border Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon and the line became known as the Mason-Dixon line. Later on Maryland turned into a royal colony and established an official protestant church. King Charles created a proprietary colony south of Virginia called Carolina Latin for Charles's land. Carolina did not go and split up into North and South Carolina. North Carolina was a good place for crops. Since it lacked a port they used Virginia's ports. Tobacco, indigo, and rice were three major crops in these colony's. Only North Carolina grew Tobacco and most rice was grown in South Carolina. South Carolina also grew more Indigo Eliza Lucas developed Indigo. Georgia Georgia Was the Last British colony set up. Georgia was founded by James Oglethorpe. Alot of people came
but not many settled. The ones that settled did not like the rules. The rules were limits on landholding and bans on slave trade and rum. One day Oglethorpe turned the colony over to the King. Great Britain had lined the atlantic coast with colonies. That group of land was bigger than the whole Great Britain itself. New York New York at first was not under England's control.The Netherlands had control of New York and it was doing well Under the Netherlands control it was called New Netherlands. There biggest city New Amsterdam is present day New York City!!! There success did not go unnoticed, Great Britain saw the success and wanted New Netherlands. They sent an army to claim it and governor Peter Stuyvesant gave it up without a fight. King Charles gave it to his brother the Duke of York who renamed it New York New york was a proprietary colony for a long time until they elected goverment representatives later on. New York had a diverse population and was growing fast. The first Jews to settle in North America settled here. New Jersey The Duke of york decided to divide his colony. He gave the land between the Hudson and Delaware. The two proprietors were sir George Carteret and Lord John Burkley. they named the colony New jersey after the English channel island Jersey where Carteret was born. To get settlers they offered land, religious freedom, trial by jury, and a representative assembly. New Jersey also had a diverse population. Since new Jersey had no natural harbors it did not develop a major city. Both proprietors eventually sold their shares and New Jersey became a royal colony with local laws. Pennsylvania Pennsylvania was given to William Penn for the debt England had to William's father. Penn was a Quaker and this was the perfect opportunity to put his beliefs into action. Part of being a Quaker is being a pacifist. Which is somebody who refuses to fight in wars. Penn was the one who created Philadelphia city of brotherly love. Penn was a proprietor. He beleived some of the land belonged to the Natives and Settlers should pay for the land. He made many treaties with the Native Americans. Philadelphia quickly became a major city and its most popular port. People also started to settle in Southern Pennsylvania and Penn let them form their own legislature which became the colony of Delaware but it remained under Pennsylvania's governor. Determine the roles of religious freedom and participatory government in the thirteen colonies. Start video at 26 sec andStop video at 5 min 14 sec or earleir. This video explains why the colony was founded or an important fact about them.
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