Loading presentation...

Present Remotely

Send the link below via email or IM


Present to your audience

Start remote presentation

  • Invited audience members will follow you as you navigate and present
  • People invited to a presentation do not need a Prezi account
  • This link expires 10 minutes after you close the presentation
  • A maximum of 30 users can follow your presentation
  • Learn more about this feature in our knowledge base article

Do you really want to delete this prezi?

Neither you, nor the coeditors you shared it with will be able to recover it again.


Make your likes visible on Facebook?

Connect your Facebook account to Prezi and let your likes appear on your timeline.
You can change this under Settings & Account at any time.

No, thanks


No description

Martin Hajek

on 11 March 2016

Comments (0)

Please log in to add your comment.

Report abuse

Transcript of Text

refers to the fact that texts are linked to other texts
what is a text?
- from the late 1960s onwards ‘text’ replaced (literary) ‘work’ or written-or-printed word as such; in 80s ‘textuality’ emerged
transtextual relations
an environment of a text belonging to the same semiotic system
cotext & context
discourse = language in action

- a text in a context (van Dijk)
- the organisation of enunciations in a particular area of human activity (Foucault)
written - spoken
1. the attribute of being a text does not inhere in any given object; textuality is assigned by the reader
2. a text is constructed by abstracting verbal content from its material embodiment
cohesion (linguistic orderliness) & coherence (meaningfulness)
ex.: I have a brother. He lives in Canada.
I have a brother. Helena lives in Canada.
I have a brother. He is a body of saline water.
Bazerman: Almost every word and phrase we use we have heard or seen before.
a) The text may draw on prior texts as a source of meanings to be used at face value.
A title of the news article “The Weak Link” invokes the old saying that “a chain is only as strong as its weakest link.”
b) Text may explicitly use other statements as background, support, and contrast.
Bazerman: Almost every word and phrase we use we have heard or seen before.
c) Text may rely on beliefs, issues, ideas, statements generally circulated and likely familiar to the readers.
d) By using recognizable kinds of language, phrasing, and genres, a text evokes particular social world.
It is well known, that ...
“Why, to speak de troof, massa, him not so berry well as mought be.”
e) Text relies on the available language of the period, and is part of the cultural world of the times.
“Thy name is more hateful than thy face.”
transtextual relations
a text that forms a part of the complex mediation between text, author, publisher, and reader
titles, author's name, forewords, contents, indexes, references, appendices...
a text drawing on another text without being its commentary
most of texts are hypertexts is some way; hypertext is a native text of WWW using hyperlinks
commentary; a critical relation of a text to another text (with or without direct citation)
'I have never read Parsons because his books are extremely boring.'
an environment of a text belonging to a different semiotic system
assigned by reader !
Don't ask me again! :)))
a text is a specific and unique realization of discourse
a discourse produces texts
the above is valid both in micro & macro perspectives
van Dijk
= the study of sign systems
relation between signs and the things to which they refer
relations among signs in formal structures
signs and their effects on people who use them
a text consisting of elements of several semiotic systems
0. Read
What is a Text? In S. Titscher (ed.). Methods of text and discourse analysis. 2000.
Intertextuality. In Ch. Bazerman. What Writing Does and How It Does It. 2004.

1. Go to http://www.newseum.org/todaysfrontpages/ and choose one title page (today's or from archive).

a) Find various types of transtextual relations in the page (paratext, hypertext, metatext, context...). Mark them out.
b) Find examples of various levels of intertextuality in the page (see Bazerman). Mark them out.

3. Save, scan or take a high resolution picture of the page with your marks and email it to me.

3. In the class: explain what types or relations you found and how it could be included into a sociologically informed text analysis. What types or relations would be difficult to analyze?
, the people."
"All human beings
are born
free and equal in dignity and rights."
has the right
to life, liberty and security of person."
"No one
shall be subjected
to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment."
Levels of intertextuality:
Full transcript