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The War of the Roses

Modern History - Historical Investigation of The War of the Roses by James Carter
by

James Carter

on 18 August 2014

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Transcript of The War of the Roses

The Battle for a Nation
The Wars of the Roses was a dynastic battle for the throne of England in the 15th century. The war was fought between two rivals of the royal House of Plantagenet. These were the Royal houses of Lancaster and house York.
The battles were fought over the course of 32 years from 1455 to 1487. These wars shaped the nation and saw many changed to the society and the government.
Life In The 15th Century
English Culture
The 15th century
was a time of social change for England. Sickness and disease remained in the country such as the plague but the population still remained steady.
The 15th century was considered the Golden Age for the laborers as the time was followed by a strong economic development and advancement. The driving force of the social and economic change was from the battle of the two royal houses of Plantagenet for the throne.
Ministry of the Throne
Reign of a Dynasty
Henry VI ruled the English throne from the early 15th century into the
late 15th century, becoming too ill to keep the throne, eventually being overruled by the Yorkist, Edward IV. From the overtaking of he English throne, English saw the throne change kings, exchanging between the rivaled House York and Lancaster.
From the exchange of different leaders and kings, the loyal House Lancaster kept their dynasty's pride and continued to battle for their righteous position for the King of England. House York, the other rival house of Plantagenet wanted their share of royalty and sought to be on top of their contender.
A Thorn to a Rose
Edward IV, his son &
Richard III, Duke of York
Honor of the Ruler
Henry VII's Decisive Victory
Edward IV was the first Yorkist king on the English throne. He was the strongest contender to the throne in the War of the Roses. He was well know for his violence towards the House Lancaster in the challenge for the throne. He was initially successful with his military strategies, such as his violence, brutality and his insistence of throne, making the Yorks the thorn in the rose and the aggressive house of Plantagenet. Edward ruled the throne for a lengthy twelve years over the course of the war, before dying of an illness. His son, Edward V succeeded the throne, with a brief 86-day reign. The throne was then succeeded by the powerful, Richard III, Duke of York.
After the conflict and war between House Lancaster and York, Henry VII took the English throne from the Duke of York, Richard III, the final Yorkist king. Henry was successful by his military strategy, he was an offensive commander, he sent his troops forward to conquer his enemies, which led to him conquering the throne. This move was the final blow in the War of Roses.
Monarchy During the War
Dynamic Change of a Government
Why did these kings fight for the throne?
Edward IV, Richard III and Henry VI were powerful and honorable leaders, but their devotion towards the throne was what caused tension. Previously the honorable House Lancaster was the ruler of the English throne but it was the succession of House York which caused tension to grow.

The predominant reason of the civil war was the intentions and political views of each ruler. Both Richard III and Edward IV were aggressive military leaders, proving a challenge for the Lancaster's to win back their throne. Richard of York erupted the war, in attempt to change the occupants of the kingdom; he planned to remove all of the poor advisers of Henry's side. After the decisive battle carried by Richard, his army found the ill king Henry VI sick in a local town shop. He was indisposed, thus giving the successor, Edward IV the honor of the English throne.
Roses and Thorns
Goods and Bads of the Rivals
The Roses - Lancaster
- Honorable rulers of the throne. Occupied the throne as early as the 14th century.
- Family chain retained, father gave his son the position from his death.
- Restored their pride and took back the throne from the York’s by marriage into a Yorkist, dawning a new dynasty.
The Thorns - York
- Took the throne from the Lancaster’s, forcefully through combat.
- Successor to Henry VI of Lancaster, diminishing the House of Lancaster unless regained from the opposition.
- Excessively used offensive, violent military strategies, resulting in civilian deaths.
A Game of Thrones
Remains of an English Throne
During the War of the Roses, the English throne saw many kings. Each rival house of Plantagenet wanted their spot in the kingdom of England. Both fought strongly over the course of 30 years and by the end of the war, House York concluded the war with their ownership of the kingdom. There was differences between the two royal houses. House Lancaster were the main branch of the royal Plantagenet, which meant they ascended into the royal position of the kingdom. House York came from another branch of Plantagenet which lead to a contender to the throne.
The fight for the throne only saw one true victor. Neither Lancaster of York truly one, a new flower emerged from the fight.
Society In the Medieval Era
War of the Roses
A Tale of Roses and Thorns
By James Carter
Birth of a New Rose
From a Rotten Rose, Dawns a New Flower
House York took the throne in what seemed to be the end of a nation wide battle. Henry VII of Lancaster fought the final battle against King Richard, decisively winning the battle and claiming back the throne and dawning a new dynasty, the Tudors. He was crowned king in 1485 and married to Elizabeth of York, uniting Lancaster and York together to form the new dynasty. The Tudor symbol is the combination of House Lancaster's red rose and York's white rose.

The two rival houses had many differences, but between their difference and battles, they were united as one in the end of a nation's battle.
Difference between two rivals in
The War of the Roses

The End
James Carter
Roses or Thorns?
Full transcript