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Transcript of Ancient China
Qin Shi Huang and Confucius
By Sela Finau and
Qin Shi Huang's early life
Qin Shi Huang's belifes and values
"You will be noticed more if you keep quiet and work harder."
"I have collect all the writings of the Empire and burnt those which were of no use."
Qin was born in 259 BC, Handan, China. He was born with royal blood being as his father King of the Qin State. During the time of his birth China was parted into 7 different states. All 7 sates were at constant war. The conflict was so much that it was known as the Era of Warring States or the Warring States Period.
Qin believed in legalism causing him to see Confucism as a threat. Qin hated Confucianism and hated the thought of it taking over. He believed in making harsh laws and punishments for those who didn't follow. In 213 BC Qin had 700 people stoned to death and 460 scholars buried alive because they did not agree on what he was doing. Qin Shi Huang was so overwhelmed with fear that he burnt all books that were against what he believed.
Qin Shi Huang wanted to live forever, he was scared of death.
Qin Shi Huang's main achievements
Qin Shi had many great achievements. In 221 BC he conquered the whole of the 7 states and named it China. It was a great achievement for him and the country. Once he had total power, he had a vision to create an over powering wall that was spread across the whole of China's border to protect his country from enemies and outsiders. The wall stretched to 5,000 kilometers starting at Liaodong Bay and finishing in Lintao, he called it 'The Great Wall Of China'.
"The reason why China suffers bitterly from endless wars is because of the existence of feudal lords and kings."
Qin Shi Huang
Confucius early life
Confucius was born June the 19th 551 BC in Lu, China, with given name Kong Qui. At the age of 3 his father died, being 73 years and only his mother being 19 years. He was brought up in poverty and scum living. At the age of 11 years he went to live with his grandfather who was a high scholar. His grandfather, Kong Fuizi taught him great knowledge, as he was very curious for more information and wanted to learn more. When Confucius was 15 years he attended a private school for 2 years, that his grandfather paid for.
"Choose a job you love, and you will never have to work a day in your life."
"Silence is a true friend who never betrays"
beliefs and values
Confucius believed that each person should be grateful and maintain their position in life - for instance, a father who has children should behave like a responsible guardian and not dodge away from his family and duties. Since Confucius did not have a very good up bringing, family meant everything to him and had wished for a man to always honor the relationship between father and son, elder and younger, husband and wife, and servent and master.
Confucius main achievements
"You can strive for anything, as long as your heart desires."
"Only the wisest and stupidest will never change."
Confucius education career was very rewarding. As each day his classes got bigger and bigger growing up to 3,000 students for him to teach. He taught wise methods and thoughtful study techniques.
Later on threw his life made the first Chinese historical record.
Which one is the most influential on Ancient China's History?
Thank-you for listening