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LS-MH-CH. 14-INDUSTRIAL & ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
Transcript of LS-MH-CH. 14-INDUSTRIAL & ORGANIZATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY
behavior within organizations
THEORY X.....THEORY Y
JOBS AND CAREERS
Applied Psychology is the use of psychological principals and research principals to solve practical problems. There are 6 diverse areas:
2. The Environment
6. Human Factors
JOB SELECTION PROCEDURES INCLUDE:
Obtaining Bio data
Psychological Testing - IQ, Personality Tests, Career Interest Inventories, Aptitude Tests, Simulation and Situational Judgement Testing.
At present, 90% of the population will be employed in business and industry.
TRAGEDY OF THE COMMONS: A social dilemma in which individuals, each acting in his or her self interests, over uses a scarce group resource.
HCI - Human-Computer Interaction
1. Study jobs to identify underlying skills, which can then guide efforts to select people and train them.
2. Study organization to understand how to create structures and company cultures that will improve worker performance.
THEORY X : An approach to leadership that emphasizes work
efficiency => task orientation
THEORY Y: An approach to leadership that emphasizes human
relations at work and views people as industrious, responsible
and interested in challenging work.
ENVIRONMENTAL PSYCHOLOGY: concerned with relationships between environments and human behavior.
EDUCATIONAL PSYCHOLOGY: seeks to understand how people learn and how teachers instruct.
PSYCHOLOGY OF LAW: the study of the behavioral dimensions of the legal system.
SPORTS PSYCHOLOGY: the study of the behavioral dimensions of sports performance...teaching athletes how to relax, ignore distractions, cope with emotions.
HUMAN FACTORS PSYCHOLOGY: making machines and work environments compatible with human perceptual and physical capacities. ...HCI - Human computer interaction - application of human factors to the design of computers and computer software.
MANAGEMENT BY OBJECTIVE: Employees are given specific goals
SELF-MANAGED TEAM: high degree of freedom in how the team achieves its goals
FLEXTIME: Work schedule with flexible starting and finish times.
COMPRESSED WORKWEEK: Fewer days per week, more hours per day
TELECOMMUTING: Working from home, using a computer to stay connected to the office.
ORGANIZATIONAL CULTURE: refers to a blend of customs, beliefs, values, attitudes, and rituals.
PERSONNEL PSYCHOLOGY: deals with testing, selection, placement, and promotion of employees.
APPLIED PSYCHOLOGY PART 1
Work efficiency - maximum output (productivity) at lowest cost.
Psychological efficiency - maintenance of good morale, labor relations, employee satisfaction, and similar aspects of work behavior.
In shared leadership (participative management) employees at all levels are directly involved in decision making.
Human Factors Psychology (Ergonomics): A specialty concerned with making machines and work environments compatible with human perceptual and physical capacities.
HCI - Human-Computer Interaction