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World War II
Transcript of World War II
Images from Shutterstock.com You may think that only the Jews were
targeted during the holocaust... but there
were many other victims involved because
of their differences. There are also gypsies, homosexuals, people with physical or mental disabilities, Jehovah's Witnesses, the dissenting clergy, Communists, socialists and other political enemies. A majority of the victims that were killed and taken to the concentration camps were the Jews. Genocide World War II The beginning of a new generation... World War 2 was caused by the Treaty of Versailles which was made at the end of World War 1; this put the blame of WW1, the damage payment of WW1, and the loss of land, all on Germany. The Causes of WWII The Treaty of Versailles made Germany a broke and depressed country with no sort of organization or helpful government. Almost 20 years later, Hitler stood up to the republic; making him a famous and popular idol. The Home Front in Europe The citizens of each country were definitely effected by World War II. Mostly, they experienced normal life with the side effect of war times. Food was rationed, families were separated by drafts and summons to battle, and the occasional town was captured by enemy soldiers. Other then this- it seemed that to an ordinary person, life continued. They still had jobs, worked regularly, and held a normal life. Citizens were aware of whatever information was presented to them. The newspapers were famously biased, hid important information, and so as to please the public- lied about their stance in wartime. When Hitler gained control of Germany as the Chancellor, Stalin was leading the Soviet Union through the Russian Revolution. In addition, Mussolini became a sort of tyrant for the italian people; he was overthrown in 1943, so he joined Hitler.
With all three of these "leaders" in charge, a fearful ruling would soon come about. Fascism is known as the authorization of governmental organization
Nazism is known as a form of socialism featuring racism and obedience to a strong leader Ever heard of the "Hitler Youth"? Children were seen as the future of Germany and this generation was going to be flawless... according to what Hitler saw as flawless Life for everyday people was generally normal. As stated before, the government withheld a lot of information. Thus, people only knew the highlights and were sometimes kept in the dark until the end of the war. Soldiers coming home from the battlefront might share their experiences, but were generally overshadowed by what the government shared. Heinrich Himmler Heinrich Himmler was born on October 7, 1900. When he was just 23 years old, he joined the Hitler Putsch (which was an organization to attempt to overthrow the government) in 1923. Heinrich Himmler played a very
important role in the Holocaust.
He worked under Adolf Hitler and
completed all of his commands.
Heinrich Himmler was in charge of
making sure that the final solution for
killing all of the people with differences
did the job. Many jobs were created thanks to war time. Though, since the majority of working men had been sent to war- women had to take their place, working in warehouses, factories, and overall contributing to the country´s economy. As stated previously, women had to take the jobs of the men that were off at war. As this happened, the role of women in society changed. They were now viewed as capable of doing a man´s work, which was a huge step in the role of feminism and woman´s rights. Technology In Europe Types of Weaponry The Infantry were Machine Guns and Small arms. The Machine Guns were and still are used today. The Small arms that were used were the following: pistols, rifles, and grenades. The Artillery in WW2 were used for field work and counter attack. They would use the artillery to soften the ground. The Difference between WW1 and WW2 The First World War started out as offensive tactic by the Germans that over took Belgium. How were cities/nations affected by the bombings Cities were destroyed from the bombings. No one knew what time the bombs were going to drop. Most cities had alarms to let the citizens know that they should prepare for a bomb. Schools would have drills to prepare the bombing. The Countries Involved in WW2 Germany's allies were the following: Japan, Italy, Romania, Hungary, Finland, Thailand, Bulgaria, Croatia, Slovakia, Iraq, Vichy France. The Opposing side was the following: Soviet Union,
United States, United Kingdom, China, Poland, France, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, South Africa, Belgium, Netherlands, Greece, Yugoslavia, Norway. The opposing side won the war. Reinhard Heydrich Reinhard Heydrich was born on March 7, 1904. He worked under Adolf Hitler and was in charge of planning the final solution of exterminating the jews. Kristallnacht Kristallnacht was also known as
The Night of the Broken Glass. This night was from November 9
and 10 of 1938. During this night, almost 30,000 jewish men were arrested and sent to concentration camps. This lead up to creating the "final solution" to the "jewish problem" killing nearly 6 million jews, also known as the holocaust. The economies of various countrie pretty much plummeted thanks to world war 2. The Axis powers were, of course, more greatly affected- but still, thanks to the buying of war supplies, provisions, and other war time expenses. The Axis powers were hit harder because of the expenses they had to pay in compensation after the war. Now, children all around europe were being trained for the new future that was arising. Nazi-Soviet Pact Though greatly decreased due to the war, people did partake in leisure time during the early 1940's. One popular activity (especially in the US) included going to the movies. Movie theatres were becoming more and more widespread. The government used this as an opportunity to fund war films that depicted life on the front line. People went to these in a way to support soldiers overseas. In 1939, the Nazis signed a pact with the Soviet Union to avoid a two war front war; through appeasement. But, instead of keeping their promise, the Nazis broke the pact by attacking the Soviets less than two years later. The Nazi Propaganda... Children and criticizing jew posters were used to help aid the Nazi power in popularity and support. APPEASEMENT: The act of gaining a treaty or pact to get out of trouble or problems. At the homefront, popular versions of media included music, movies, and the radio. Otherwise, this time was considered a bit of a drop off of entertainment. Before and after the war, entertainment was resumed- but during this time there wasn't that much. Entertainment was limited thanks to wartime happenings. Leisure activities were also quite limited during world war 2. People no longer went out to enjoy themselves, as the war preoccupied cities and governments. In the majority of homes, families also had fathers and sons missing from their houses thanks to the war. Times were depressed, and in general, leisure time was rare. There were several concentration camps during the holocaust, Auschwitz being one of the largest. Auschwitz was located in Poland, it included
three concentration camps in one. Many people
were killed and forced to work very hard. About one and one fourth million people were killed in Auschwitz. Bergen-Belsen was a camp built
in 1943 as a prison camp and a Jewish
work camp. It was a rather small camp
and was built to fit only 10,000 people,
which really ended up to be 41,000.
Because of this, disease spread very
quickly. The camp did not have any gas
chambers, but in the end there were still
37,000 Jewish citizens that were killed. Buchenwald was one of the first nazi concentration camps built in 1937, which was located in Weimar, Germany. Many prisoners died from being tested with vaccines for the first time. There were no gas chambers and there was a total of 20,000 prisoners. Dachau was the very first Nazi concentration camps ever built. It was built in 1933 and was located in Dachau, Germany. Dachau was not designed to kill Jews, but it was designed to do medical experiments on them. Most of the experiments left the jews disabeled or dead. Sachsenhausen was built in North Germany and was near the village Sachsenhausen. It was built in 1933 and was part of Buchenwald and Dachau. There were a total of 200,000 people in the concentration camp and nearly 100,000 of them died. There were also many other concentration camps during the Holocaust, but these are the most well-known. In the Holocaust, nearly 5,830,000 victims were murdered. All though very few were able to survive. The people that survived have either written books about their experience or travel around the world to share their stories. That is how we know about so many tragic details... As you can see, the Nazi (green) had a large majority of the affected countries in Europe. All of these situations (Causes, Technology, Genocide, and the Homefront) created the worst and most horrific war anyone had ever seen.